The Fracturing of the E U

Yet these are all the wages of persistent flaws in the idea of the Union itself. Excessive regulations, welfare, and taxes impede economic growth.

Author: Bruce S. Thornton

Publisher: Encounter Books

ISBN: 1641770007

Category: Political Science

Page: 56

View: 102

The long-simmering crises challenging the European Union have worsened with the 2008 financial crisis, the influx of Middle East refugees in 2015, several bloody terrorist attacks, and England’s departure from the E.U. in 2016. Yet these are all the wages of persistent flaws in the idea of the Union itself. Excessive regulations, welfare, and taxes impede economic growth. Centralization of power in Brussels has created a “democracy deficit” and lessened autonomy and freedom. Populations are shrinking, and unvetted and unassimilated migrants have increased crime and terrorist attacks. All these problems reflect the lack of any unifying set of beliefs and principles that could unite 27 diverse cultures and peoples. Europe is fractured and adrift, its peoples unsure for what they should fight or die for.

Syria s Uprising and the Fracturing of the Levant

From the 1990s, the European strategy was to entangle Syria in a web of norms,
agreements and initiatives aimed at ... Despite earnest efforts by the European
Commission to bring coherence and discipline to EU policy in its immediate ...

Author: Emile Hokayem

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 135122400X

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 903

As an upbeat and peaceful uprising quickly and brutally descended into a zero-sum civil war, Syria has crumbled from a regional player into an arena in which a multitude of local and foreign actors compete. The volatile regional fault lines that run through Syria have ruptured during this conflict, and the course of events in this fragile yet strategically significant country will profoundly shape the future of the Levant.

Energy Security and Natural Gas Markets in Europe

Lessons from the EU and the United States Tim Boersma ... However, hydraulic
fracturing operations have been excluded from these regulations under a 2005
provision amending the Safe Drinking Water Act, the only exception being ...

Author: Tim Boersma

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317636635

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 196

View: 244

Moving beyond most conventional thinking about energy security in Europe which revolves around stability of supplies and the reliability of suppliers, this book presents the history of European policy-making regarding energy resources, including recent controversies about shale gas and fracking. Using the United States as a benchmark, the author tests the hypothesis that EU energy security is at risk primarily because of a lack of market integration and cooperation between member states. This lack of integration still prohibits natural gas to flow freely throughout the continent, which makes parts of Europe vulnerable in case of supply disruptions. The book demonstrates that the EU gas market has been developing at different speeds, leaving the Northwest of the continent reasonably well integrated, with sufficient trade and liquidity and different supplies, whereas other parts are less developed. In these parts of Europe there is a structural lack of investments in infrastructure, interconnectors, reverse flow options and storage facilities. Thus, even though substantial progress has been made in parts of the EU, single source dependency often prevails, leaving the relevant member states vulnerable to market power abuse. Detailed comparisons are made of the situations in the Netherlands and Poland, and of energy policy in the USA. The book dismantles some of the existing assumptions about the concept of energy security, and touches upon the level of rhetoric that features in most energy security and policy debates in Europe.

Energy Policy Making in the EU

Jale Tosun Abstract The possibility of extracting shale gas using hydraulic
fracturing on a large scale has invoked a public and political debate about the
creation of an appropriate regulatory regime for such activities at the European

Author: Jale Tosun

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1447166450

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 263

View: 296

The book adopts an innovative analytical approach to agenda setting by not only presenting successful cases in which energy issues were addressed by means of public policy, but by also analyzing failed attempts to make issues part of the European policy agenda. Another outstanding feature of the book is its use of the latest empirical data on a broad range of energy issues. When are energy issues likely to find their way to the agenda of European policymakers? This is the key research question guiding this collection of empirical studies, which will shed light on both successful and unsuccessful attempts to include energy issues in the European agenda. The multi-level political system of the European Union represents a particularly fruitful setting for addressing this question due to the multiple institutional access points it provides for different groups of actors. The book has three key benefits. First, it provides a theory-informed analysis of agenda setting processes in general and in the European Union in particular. Second, it presents an overview of the most important and emerging dimensions on European energy policy, and third, it helps to develop a research agenda for future research in the field.

Shale Gas the Environment and Energy Security

... fractured.84 Up until 2011, at least 326 oil, gas and geothermal wells had been
subjected to hydraulic fracturing in EU ... hydraulic fracturing for shale gas
purposes has been rarely deployed in Europe.86 If hydraulic fracturing was used
for ...

Author: Ruven Fleming

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1786433176

Category: LAW

Page: 384

View: 311

This pioneering and in-depth study into the regulation of shale gas extraction examines how changes in the constitutional set-ups of EU Member States over the last 25 years have substantially altered the legal leverage of environmental protection and energy security as state objectives. As well as offering the first formal assessment of the legality of fracking bans and moratoria, Ruven Fleming further proposes a new methodology for the development of legally sound regulation of new energy technologies in the context of the energy transition.

Hydraulic Proppant Fracturing and Gravel Packing

R O to l i e g e n d St i sm U 1 a t i O n i n E U r O p e 3.0. ... and Dutch North Sea
as well as Netherlands and Germany FRG onshore has the greatest hydraulic
proppant fracturing potential of all European hydrocarbon-bearing formations.

Author: D. Mader

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080868844

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1238

View: 504

Many aspects of hydraulic proppant fracturing have changed since its innovation in 1947. The main significance of this book is its combination of technical and economical aspects to provide an integrated overview of the various applications of proppants in hydraulic fracturing, and gravel in sand control. The monitoring of fractures and gravel packs by well-logging and seismic techniques is also included. The book's extensive coverage of the subject should be of special interest to reservoir geologists and engineers, production engineers and technologists, and well log analysts.

Expanding Eurasia

unresolved international disputes or manufactures regional or bilateral conflicts
to drive wedges between EU countries and between Europe and the United
States .

Author: Janusz Bugajski

Publisher: CSIS

ISBN: 9780892065455

Category: History

Page: 205

View: 839

Moscows overarching ambition toward Europe is to expand the Eurasian space in which Russia is the dominant political player. For Moscow, Eurasianism involves two interconnected strategies: transforming Europe into an appendage of the Russian sphere of influence and debilitating Euro-Atlanticism by undercutting Europes connections with the United States. The most effective and realistic long-term Western strategy toward Russia needs to combine practical engagement with strategic assertiveness. Practical engagement focuses on the pursuit of cooperative relations where Western and Russian interests coincide, as in countering international terrorism and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction or in the resolution of regional conflicts where Moscow can play a constructive role. Strategic assertiveness, as an essential complementary approach, must focus on vital long-range Western interests where Russias negative policies can be effectively countered by the European Union and NATO working in tandem to strengthen transatlanticism. As a primary principle, all NATO-EU allies must avoid compromising core interests through agreements with Russia that sacrifice one Western security priority to gain Kremlin support in another arena. Such compromises not only undermine Europes commitment to expand democratic security but also permit Russia to implement its Eurasian agenda.

Community and Communication

Europe of the Regions . Support for the lesser - used languages of Europe The
story of the centripetal forces at action in Europe in the 1990s is complex . In the
east of the continent , the fracturing of the USSR and Yugoslavia are separate ...

Author: Sue Wright

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781853594847

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 280

View: 892

This book considers the issue of language in the European Union. Without a community of communication, the EU must remain a trading association run in an autocratic way by bilingual patrician technocrats; with a community of communication, the European Union could develop democratic structures and legitimacy and give meaning to its policies of free movement. How to achieve that community of communication is the biggest challenge facing Europe today.

The Transformation of Employment Relations in Europe

European. Union: A. Common. Process. of. Fragmentation. Valeria Pulignano
and James Arrowsmith The contributors to ... in the 'widening' and 'deepening' of
the European Union have had the effect of fundamentally fracturing employment

Author: Jim Arrowsmith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135010056

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

View: 789

Since the 1980s, the process of European economic integration, within a wider context of globalization, has accelerated employment change and placed a new premium on ‘flexible’ forms of work organization. The institutions of employment relations, specifically those concerning collective bargaining between employers and trade unions, have had to adapt accordingly. The Transformation of Employment Relations focuses not just on recent change, but charts the strategic choices that have influenced employment relations and examines these key developments in a comparative perspective. A historical and cross-national analysis of the most important and controversial ‘issues’ explores the motivation of the actors, the implementation of change, and its evolution in a diverse European context. The book highlights the policies and the role played by different institutional and social actors (employers, management, trade unions, professional associations and governments) and assesses the extent to which these policies and roles have had significant effects on outcomes. This comparative analysis of the transformation of work and employment regulation, within the context of a quarter-century timeframe, has not been undertaken in any other book. But this is no comparative handbook in which changes are largely described on a country-by-country basis, but instead, The Transformation of Employment Relations is rather focused thematically. As Europe copes with a serious economic crisis, understanding of the dynamics of work transformation has never been more important.

Freedom of Artistic Expression

However, with the development of the EC then EU, incorporating not just
economic objectives as the remit, culture emerged as a ... This fracturing of the
cultural area was intended to be remedied at Maastricht, and the current Cultural
Title XII, ...

Author: Paul Kearns

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782251693

Category: Law

Page: 260

View: 414

This book presents a unique and comprehensive examination of the human and moral rights of artists. In what is arguably the first exhaustive book-length account of artists' rights, Paul Kearns explores the problems associated with censorship, both from philosophical and legal perspectives, and focuses on the various ways in which the morality of art is legally regulated in different jurisdictions. In relation to human rights, English, French and American law, the law of the European Convention on Human Rights, European Union law and public international law are all closely scrutinised to discover the extent to which they offer protection for artistic freedom. The author also examines domestic and international law in respect of artists' moral rights, the law of copyright and related laws. In short, the book provides an original, and sometimes controversial, analysis of persistent concerns regarding the legal regulation of the arts universally, doctrinally and theoretically, and seeks to offer an holistic treatment which will appeal to art lawyers, artists and those interested in the future of the arts.

The Making of Eurosceptic Britain

This was exacerbated by the fracturing of the West as the US began to pursue a
more unilateralist and nationalist, foreign and ... to resurface in the form of acute
divisions within the governing elite over the relationship to the European project.

Author: Chris Gifford

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754670742

Category: Political Science

Page: 174

View: 852

Populist Euroscepticism has become fundamental to constituting Britain and Britishness in a post-imperial context, despite membership of the European Union.This book is organized chronologically, providing overviews of key periods in the British-European Union relationship.

Rethinking Europe

national European identity in the EU , threaten to undermine a dynamism within
the Roman Catholic Church toward de ... Several historical factors brought about
its demise , among them , the fracturing of European Christianity in the ...

Author: Alberto Melloni



Category: Europe

Page: 140

View: 917

An international journal of theology; a catholic journal in the widest sense: rooted in Roman Catholicism yet open to other Christian traditions and the worlds faiths. Promotes discussion in the spirit of Vatican II. Annual subscriptions available.

European Union and New Regionalism

However, this relationship has been fracturing since the end of the Cold War.
Increasingly thetwo sides of the Atlantic have even cometo represent different
world order models: unilateralism oft decriedas imperialism, on theone hand; and

Author: Professor Mario Telò

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472434382

Category: Political Science

Page: 506

View: 316

Stemming from an international and multidisciplinary network of leading specialists, this best-selling text is fully updated with new chapter additions. With the first edition prepared at the end of the last century and the second edition adding inter-regional relations, this new edition focuses on competing models of regional cooperation within a multipolar world and the role of the European Union.

Europe s Decline and Fall

Before the financial crisis struck in autumn 2008, Europe was already sliding
down a path of relative economic decline. The crisis has ... As this book goes to
press, the danger of such internal fracturing appears to have lessened. But there
are ...

Author: Richard Youngs

Publisher: Profile Books

ISBN: 1847657664

Category: Political Science

Page: 127

View: 927

The European Union is in inexorable decline. The outlook is gloomy for the economy and nobody listens to European politicians. Any authority or power that it once had on the world stage is being lost, and its claims to the moral high ground in international affairs are increasingly shaky. But this lamentable state of affairs is neither inevitable nor irreversible. The emerging new world order offers opportunities for the EU, if it can only act systematically and develop a new cosmopolitan strategy based on principled and consistent support for universal values. Here is a bold analysis of the problem and a brilliant proposal for a remedy. 'Richard Youngs has produced a passionate but clear-headed analysis of Europe's shrinking status in world affairs. Sarkozy and Merkel should read and react to this wake-up call to reverse Europe's decline before it is too late.' Denis MacShane MP, Britain's longest serving Europe minister

Ecological Governance

... from hydrocarbons operations involving hydraulic fracturing in Europe' (report
produced for the European Commission, 2012),
integration/energy/pdf/fracking%20study.pdf Ahmed, K. and Sanchez-Triana, E.,

Author: Olivia Woolley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107060451

Category: Law

Page: 270

View: 962

A comprehensive legal analysis of how governance of human activities in developed states should be restructured to improve ecological protection.

The Horner Site

However , the EU demonstrates heavy use by stepfracturing . Another example (
Figure 7 . 5d ) is 7 mm thick , and it also demonstrates heavy step fracturing on
the EU . This specimen was recovered in two pieces , and all of the remaining
side ...

Author: George C. Frison



Category: History

Page: 586

View: 654

European Union Fisheries Legislation

... he needs to change the way that the EU as a whole looks has his money in his
boat , his crew and so forth , and at the sea and whether it needs to end this sort
of this is a real problem for the likes of you . I am very separation , this fracturing ...

Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Lords: European Union Committee

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780104007211

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 20

View: 480

This report contains evidence from the Nature Conservation and Fisheries Minister, Ben Bradshaw following a number of scrutiny overrides resulting from the late deposit of items before Council meetings. The Committee want the Government to address shortcomings in the EU's fisheries policy decision-making process during the time of its presidency of the European Union.

The Limits of Alliance

As the fracturing of EU consensus over Iraq has demonstrated , the United States
has been able to rely on the new EU members in Central Europe and the Baltic
littoral to support its more proactive view of the application of military force to ...

Author: Andrew A. Michta

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9780742538641

Category: History

Page: 161

View: 163

Cut capo or also partial capo brings quitar playing very interesting possibilities and what is more new and unusual harmonies. It is used by varied quitarists, but most often only as an accompaniment. This book tries to use cut cupo for solo play as well. Each composition is written four-times to let you know usual practices at cut capo play. When I write about cut capo I mean one that is sometimes called as "Esus capo"or "DADGAD capo". When using this capo, strings ADG are shortened. When using the capo in opposite way, it shortened DGB strings.The are in the book songs without text.Check out samples from book:

OPEC Bulletin

That is the conclusion of a report by the Environment Directorate of the European
Union ( EU ) in Brussels . ... It is also recommended that Member States'
interpretation of EU legislation in respect of hydraulic fracturing should be
evaluated .




Category: Petroleum industry and trade


View: 784

European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies

The EU was forced to favour those interests that opposed the regime at the WTO
at the expense of the ACP , in order to secure ... Coda : The fracturing of
Caribbean interests The developments within the context of the WTO have
dominated the ...




Category: Caribbean Area


View: 437