The Fundamental Teachings of Early Buddhism

This book is a comparative examination of the main teachings contained in the Sutranga portion of the Pali Samyutta-nikaya (SN) and its counterpart in Chinese canon, a translation of a now lost Sanskrit Samyuktagama (Za-ahan-jing) (SA).

Author: Mun-keat Choong

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 9783447042321

Category: Religion

Page: 269

View: 593

This book is a comparative examination of the main teachings contained in the Sutranga portion of the Pali Samyutta-nikaya (SN) and its counterpart in Chinese canon, a translation of a now lost Sanskrit Samyuktagama (Za-ahan-jing) (SA). The SN and SA are essentially two different versions of the same collection of discourses.This study builds on the work of Yin Shun, which demonstrates the historical importance of SN/SA in the formation of the early Buddhist canon. In particular, it is based on Yin Shun's recognition of the three-anga structure of SN/SA, and of the status of its Sutranga portion as of prime importance in the historical formation of this nikaya/agama, and as containing the most fundamental teachings of Buddha. The aim of this research is to reveal and clarify the similarities and differences between SN and SA, with regard to the principal Buddhist teachings contained in their Sutranga portion.

The Fundamental Teachings of Early Buddhism

Author: Mun-Keat Choong

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Buddhism

Page: 608

View: 573


The Concept of the Buddha

Written in an accessible way, this work is an outstanding research text for students and scholars of Mayahana Buddhism and anyone interested in Buddhist philosophy.

Author: Guang Xing

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 041533344X

Category: Religion

Page: 251

View: 698

Guang Xing gives an analysis of one of the fundamental Mahayana Buddhist teachings, namely the three bodies of the Buddha (the trikaya Theory), which is considered the foundation of Mahayana philosophy. He examines how and why the philosophical concept of three bodies was formed, particularly the Sambhogakaya, which is the Buddha to be worshipped by all Mayahanists. Written in an accessible way, this work is an outstanding research text for students and scholars of Mayahana Buddhism and anyone interested in Buddhist philosophy.

Facets of Early Buddhism

Author: Bela Bhattacharya

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Buddhism

Page: 182

View: 779


Buddhism and the Earth

Introduction Fundamental to the philosophy of Buddhism, is the insight that there is "unsatisfactohness" (dukkha) in the world and that it can be eliminated through the practice of the Noble Eight Fold Path.

Author: Tara E. Sieg

Publisher:

ISBN:

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View: 473

Introduction Fundamental to the philosophy of Buddhism, is the insight that there is "unsatisfactohness" (dukkha) in the world and that it can be eliminated through the practice of the Noble Eight Fold Path. Buddhism also maintains that the world as we experience and entities that exist are bereft of any substantiality. Instead existence is manifest through dependent origination. All things are conditional; nothing is permanent. However, inherent in this dependent existence is the interconnectedness of all beings and their subjection to the cosmic law of karma. Part of cultivating the Eight Fold path includes a deep compassion for all other living things, 'trapped' within this cycle of dependent origination. This compassion or empathy (karuna) is crucial to the Buddhist path to enlightenment. It is this emphasis on karuna that shows itself in Mahayana Buddhism with respect to the theory of the boddhisatva (or Buddha-to-be) since the boddhisatva willingly postpones his/her own enlightenment to help others on the same path. One of the ramifications of the theory of dependent origination is that there is no anthropocentric bias placed on humans over the natural world. Paradoxically the doctrine of non-self becomes an ontology within Buddhism, culminating in the Mayahana realization that a common boundary exists between samsara and nirvana. Essential to this ontology is the life of dharma or a moral life. Ethics is not separated from ontology. As my thesis will show, this basic outlook of Buddhism has implications toward our understanding of the Buddhist world-view with respect to the current human predicament concerning the environment. While humans are the only ones who can 4 attain "Buddhahood", it is because of our ability to understand what it means to follow the Eight fold path and act accordingly. Because of the interconnectedness of all entities {dharmas), there is an ontological necessity to eliminate suffering and 'save the earth' because if we allow the earth to suffer, we ALL suffer. This can be understood as an ethical outlook which can be applied to our interaction with and treatment of the natural environment or environment in the broadest sense, not just trees plants rocks etc. It is an approach to samsara and all within it. It has been argued that there is no ontology in Buddhism due to its doctrine of "non-self". However, it is a goal of this thesis to argue that there does exist an original ontology in Buddhism; that according to it, the nature of Being is essentially neither "Being nor non-being nor not non-being" as illustrated by Nagarjuna. Within this ontology is engrained an ethic or 'right path' (samma marga) that is fundamental to our being and this includes a compassionate relationship to our environment. In this dissertation I endeavour to trace the implications that the Buddhist worldview has for the environmental issues that assail us in our age of technology. I will explore questions such as: can the Buddhist way of thinking help us comprehend and possibly resolve the environmental problems of our day and age? Are there any current environmental theories which are comparable to or share common ground with the classical Buddhist doctrines? I will elucidate some fundamental doctrines of early Buddhism from an environmental perspective as well as identify some comparable modern environmental theories such as deep ecology and general systems theory, that seem to share in the wisdom of classical Buddhism and have much to gain from a deeper appreciation of Buddhism.

The Door of Liberation

This book contains seven fundamental Buddhist texts considered essential to Western students by Geshe Wangyal, who first brought Tibetan Buddhism to America.

Author:

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 086171833X

Category: Religion

Page: 264

View: 461

This book contains seven fundamental Buddhist texts considered essential to Western students by Geshe Wangyal, who first brought Tibetan Buddhism to America. Ranging from early scriptural sources to meditation and visualization guides of Tibetan Buddhist practice, this is indispensible reading for those interested in opening the door to the highest realms of freedom, wisdom, and compassion.

Origin and Doctrines of Early Indian Buddhist Schools

The teachings of the Tathāgata on the themes other than the above ( lit. the
remaining sounds of the Tathāgata ) are the mundane ( i . e . , not fundamental )
teachings ( IE H laukikaśāsana ) . 2 . a ) Arhants can also ) be tempted by others ,
b ...

Author: Vasumitra

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Buddhism

Page: 78

View: 996


Fundamentals of Mainstream Buddhism

Translating the Buddhist sutras, as well as the major texts and commentaries of the first centuries after the BuddhaAEs death, Eric Cheetham--of the distinguished Buddhist Society of London--seeks out Buddhism's fundamental teachings.

Author: Eric Cheetham

Publisher: Tuttle Pub

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 322

View: 418

Translating the Buddhist sutras, as well as the major texts and commentaries of the first centuries after the BuddhaAEs death, Eric Cheetham--of the distinguished Buddhist Society of London--seeks out Buddhism's fundamental teachings.

Essentials of Buddhist Philosophy with Bee Scherer

Over 5 lectures Bee explains the fundamental themes and problems of Buddhist Philosophy; from the early Buddhist teachings on ‘suffering’, ‘karma’ and ‘No-Self’, to the later scholasticism and the famous schools of thought ...

Author: Bee Scherer

Publisher: Wise Studies

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 83

View: 192

This course introduces key concepts of Indian Buddhist thought. Over 5 lectures Bee explains the fundamental themes and problems of Buddhist Philosophy; from the early Buddhist teachings on ‘suffering’, ‘karma’ and ‘No-Self’, to the later scholasticism and the famous schools of thought around ‘emptiness’ and ‘mind-only’. Each chapter introduces another layer of Buddhist philosophical development and depth. The course forms a very clear and intriguing introduction to the wealth of Buddhist thought. Session One: Introduction – Buddhism as religion, philosophy or psychology? Modernism and Buddhist thought; the Buddha and the Four Noble Truths Session Two: Understanding the Four Noble Truths – unsatisfactoriness, afflicting emotions, nirvana and the eightfold Path Session Three: Buddhist psychology of no-self – heaps of grasping, dependent arising and cause & effect (karma) Session Four: Buddhist ontology. Scholasticism and reality (Abhidharma); perfection of wisdom and emptiness (Madhyamaka) Session Five: Buddhist metaphysics. Mind and Buddha-Nature. is buddhism a religion or a philosophy of life what is buddhism religion or philosophy what is buddhism religion all about philosophy of buddha buddhist philosophy religion psychology ethics buddhist ontology metaphysics psychology no self four noble truths eightfold path karma abhidharma

CONTENTS Part I . Early Buddhism Chapter 1 . The Life Story of the Buddha 1 . ...
The Socio - historical Background of the Early Buddhism : 26 Chapter 2 . The
Fundamental Teachings of the Buddha 1 . The Teaching on Impermanence and ...

Author:

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Category: Buddhism

Page: 575

View: 696


Long Discourses A Translation of D gha Nik ya

This collection parallels the Dīrghāgama (DA) of the Dharmaguptaka school, which is the first text in the Taishō edition of the Chinese canon. Several uncollected suttas in Chinese and Sanskrit also belong to this collection.

Author: Bhikkhu Sujato

Publisher: SuttaCentral

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page:

View: 550

SuttaCentral has published an entirely new translation of the four Pali nikāyas by Bhikkhu Sujato, which is the first complete and consistent English translation of these core texts. This is an ebook version of Bhikkhu Sujato's translation of the Dīgha Nikāya, which can also be read at SuttaCentral website. The Long Discourses (Dīgha Nikāya, abbreviated DN) is a collection of 34 discourses in the Pali canon (Tipiṭaka) of the Theravāda school. The word “long” refers to the length of the individual discourses, not the collection as a whole, which is in fact the smallest of the five Pali Nikāyas. It is one of the fundamental collections of early Buddhist teachings, depicting the Buddha in a lively range of settings. Compared to other collections it contains more extended narratives in diverse literary styles. Many discourses feature interreligious dialog with brahmins and other non-Buddhists. This collection parallels the Dīrghāgama (DA) of the Dharmaguptaka school, which is the first text in the Taishō edition of the Chinese canon. Several uncollected suttas in Chinese and Sanskrit also belong to this collection. Two-thirds of a Dīrghāgama from the Sarvāstivāda school has been found, but only small portions have been published.

International Journal of Buddhist Thought Culture

both gods and humans dwell in , the realm of samsara , and in Buddhist
scriptures is always portrayed as impeding the spread of Dharma ... purpose of
propitiating the threatened culture : The fundamental teachings [ of Buddhism ]
ran counter to traditional Indian thought . ... the or three obligations doctrine found
within Hindu culture , expressed for 172 Jess Nossiter : " Gender Trouble ' in
Early Buddhism.

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Category: Buddhism

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Mapping the Buddhist Path to Liberation

This description highlights the novelty of the Buddha's teaching, a teaching that is
radically different from other ... The fundamental doctrines of early Buddhism are
presented, either explicitly or implicitly, as a criticism of the two extremes. Thus ...

Author: Jianxun Shi

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9811611521

Category:

Page:

View: 855


Voices of Early Buddhist Nuns

I analyze the Pali text for key words indicative of the relative dating of this text compared to others in the Pali canon, and investigate the frequencies of stock phrases in the wider context of the Sutta Pitaka.

Author: Meg Doshin Gawler

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 228

View: 618

The Therigatha is a celebration, with many different human faces, of women's personal experiences of Nibbana. This thesis, in the field of Theravada Buddhist Studies, examines the Therigatha from a dharmalogical perspective. I investigate the distinguishing characteristics of these early female voices transmitting the Buddha's teachings. I examine the religious, social, and literary context in which the poems were composed, and their textual history and content. I analyze the Pali text for key words indicative of the relative dating of this text compared to others in the Pali canon, and investigate the frequencies of stock phrases in the wider context of the Sutta Pitaka. This analysis also reveals differences between the poems of the nuns compared to those of the monks in the Theragatha. I argue that the poems of the Therigatha can be used effectively by Dharma teachers today to inspire Buddhist practitioners, particulary in regard to the Third Noble Truth, the truth of freedom. This thesis explores a central message of the Therigatha that Nibbana, complet release, is possible in this very lifetime, and that it is just as possible for women as for men. With the variety of the testimonials of ultimate freedom found in these poems, this text can inspire, guide, and liberate practitioners regardless of their sex, culture, situation, background, or even their challenges. In exploring what the Therigatha depicts about how these venerable nuns train, I offer my interpretation, with illustrations from their poems, of a path of practice that can lead to liberation, and I discuss the role of insight and the goal of the training, Nibbana. I investigate: 1) the foundations of practice: ethics, renunciation, meditation, friendship, and having a teacher one can trust; 2) wise effort; 3) the application of effort to: purifying the mind, courage, letting go of afflictive states, stilling desires, contentment, concentration, and open awareness; 4) insight; and 5) letting go. The thesis concludes with reflections on the fundamental message of the Therigatha, its potential to elicit joy, and how it can inspire practitioners today, not least by offering us a taste of Nibbana.

The Great Perfection rDzogs Chen

The Great Perfection (rDzogs chen in Tibetan) is a philosophical and meditative teaching.

Author: Samten Gyaltsen Karmay

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004151427

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 330

The Great Perfection (rDzogs chen in Tibetan) is a philosophical and meditative teaching. Its inception is attributed to Vairocana, one of the first seven Tibetan Buddhist monks ordained at Samye in the eight century A.D. The doctrine is regarded among Buddhists as the core of the teachings adhered to by the Nyingmapa school whilst similarly it is held to be the fundamental teaching among the Bonpos, the non-Buddhist school in Tibet. After a historical introduction to Tibetan Buddhism and the Bon, the author deals with the legends of Vairocana (Part I), analysing early documents containing essential elements of the doctrine and comparing them with the Ch'an tradition. He goes on to explore in detail the development of the doctrine in the tenth and eleventh centuries A.D. (Part II). The Tantric doctrines that play an important role are dealt with, as are the rDzogs chen theories in relation to the other major Buddhist doctrines. Different trends in the rDzogs chen tradition are described in Part III. The author has drawn his sources mainly from early unpublished documents which throw light on the origins and development, at the same time also using a variety of sources which enabled him to explicate the crucial position which the doctrine occupies in Tibetan religions.

Asian Thought Society

He touches in his discussion of “ Early Buddhism ” on such fundamental
teachings as the four noble truths , the doctrine of dependent origination , karma ,
and Buddhism ' s denial of the existence of an individual soul . Sections on “ The
World ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Communism

Page:

View: 152


Encyclopaedia of Buddhism fasc 1 Earth

Thus it is apparent that by the time of the rise of Buddhism in India there were
fairly developed eschatological views , most of which were ... of the world have
nothing purely Buddhistic in them , and they by no means form part of the
fundamental teachings of the Buddha . ... part of the scheme of spiritual salvation
presenied in early Buddhism it did attract the attention of the masses as a worthy
destiny , and ...

Author: Gunapala Piyasena Malalasekera

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Buddhism

Page:

View: 580


Vienna journal of South Asian studies

Christine Chojnacki CHOONG MUN - KEAT ( WEI - KEAT ) The Fundamental
Teachings of Early Buddhism . A comparative Study based on the Sūtrānga
portion of the Pāli Samyutta - Nikāya and the Chinese Samyuktāgama . ( Beiträge
zur ...

Author:

Publisher:

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Category: Asia

Page:

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The Buddhist Review

The Buddha's teaching answers strangely to our own questionings, and gives the
key to many of our own difficulties. ... the essential doctrines of Buddhism without
being thoroughly assimilated to them, and that early Buddhism, while denying ...

Author:

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Category: Buddhism

Page:

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The Path of the Buddha

This book presents Buddhism from theBuddhist point of view. It is an earnest attempt of eleven devout Buddhist scholar s to describe the beliefs and practices of the Buddhist world twenty-five centuries after the Buddha.

Author: Kenneth W. Morgan

Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publ.

ISBN: 9788120800304

Category: Religion

Page: 432

View: 100

This book presents Buddhism from theBuddhist point of view. It is an earnest attempt of eleven devout Buddhist scholar s to describe the beliefs and practices of the Buddhist world twenty-five centuries after the Buddha. The need for such a book grewww out of conversations among fellows of the National Council of UAS on Religion in Higher Education. It was agreed that a fuller understanding of the leading non-Christian reiigions requires books written by men speaking from the point of view of their own faiths, and edited by a Westerner to make the meaning clear to readers brought up in the Greek-Hebrew-Christian Tradition. Bhikhu J.Kashyap of India has contributed the first chapter on the origin and expansion of buddhism. U.Thittila of Rengoon wrote the second chapter on the fundamental principles of the Theravada Buddhism. Balangoda Ananda Maitreya of Ceylon who wrote the third chapter was recommended as a man who cansdpaek for all Thravada countries.