... been granted consultative status with the OIC are almost without exception
what one may call “traditional” humanitarian organizations. Apart from Islamic
Relief Worldwide and Muslim Aid, none of them include human rights in their
Author: Marie Juul Petersen
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Category: Political Science
Established in 1969, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is an intergovernmental organization the purpose of which is the strengthening of solidarity among Muslims. Headquartered in Jeddah, the OIC today consists of fifty seven states from the Middle East, Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The OIC's longevity and geographic reach, combined with its self-proclaimed role as the United Nations of the Muslim world, raise certain expectations as to its role in global human rights politics. However, to date, these hopes have been unfulfilled. The Organization of Islamic Cooperation and Human Rights sets out to demonstrate the potential and shortcomings of the OIC and the obstacles on the paths it has navigated. Historically, the OIC has had a complicated relationship with the international human rights regime. Palestinian self-determination was an important catalyst for the founding of the OIC, but the OIC did not develop a comprehensive human rights approach in its first decades. In fact, human rights issues were rarely, if at all, mentioned at the organization's summits or annual conferences of foreign ministers. Instead, the OIC tended to focus on protecting Islamic holy sites and strengthening economic cooperation among member states. As other international and regional organizations expanded the international human rights system in the 1990s, the OIC began to pay greater attention to human rights, although not always in a manner that aligned with Western conceptions. This volume provides essential empirical and theoretical insights into OIC practices, contemporary challenges to human rights, intergovernmental organizations, and global Islam. Essays by some of the world's leading scholars examine the OIC's human rights activities at different levels—in the UN, the organization's own institutions, and at the member-state level—and assess different aspects of the OIC's approach, identifying priority areas of involvement and underlying conceptions of human rights. Contributors: Hirah Azhar, Mashood A. Baderin, Anthony Tirado Chase, Ioana Cismas, Moataz El Fegiery, Turan Kayaoglu, Martin Lestra, Ann Elizabeth Mayer, Mahmood Monshipouri, Marie Juul Petersen, Zeynep Şahin-Mencütek, Heiní Skorini, M. Evren Tok.
Human rights and Islamic views The issue of whether human rights should
remain independent of conservative religious ... between Islamic and Western
scholars.4 While some observers call for synergy between religion and human
Author: Mahmood Monshipouri
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
The post-Khomenei era has profoundly changed the socio-political landscape of Iran. Since 1989, the internal dynamics of change in Iran, rooted in a panoply of socioeconomic, cultural, institutional, demographic, and behavioral factors, have led to a noticeable transition in both societal and governmental structures of power, as well as the way in which many Iranians have come to deal with the changing conditions of their society. This is all exacerbated by the global trend of communication and information expansion, as Iran has increasingly become the site of the burgeoning demands for women's rights, individual freedoms, and festering tensions and conflicts over cultural politics. These realities, among other things, have rendered Iran a country of unprecedented-and at time paradoxical-changes. This book explains how and why.
core stock of ideas and practices that we call Islam have always coexisted in
Islamic history ... “But what,” you will ask, “exactly is in that nucleus of ideas and
practices lying at the center of this civilizational tradition?” Unfortunately, there is
Author: Shahab Ahmed
Publisher: Princeton University Press
What is Islam? How do we grasp a human and historical phenomenon characterized by such variety and contradiction? What is "Islamic" about Islamic philosophy or Islamic art? Should we speak of Islam or of islams? Should we distinguish the Islamic (the religious) from the Islamicate (the cultural)? Or should we abandon "Islamic" altogether as an analytical term? In What Is Islam?, Shahab Ahmed presents a bold new conceptualization of Islam that challenges dominant understandings grounded in the categories of "religion" and "culture" or those that privilege law and scripture. He argues that these modes of thinking obstruct us from understanding Islam, distorting it, diminishing it, and rendering it incoherent. What Is Islam? formulates a new conceptual language for analyzing Islam. It presents a new paradigm of how Muslims have historically understood divine revelation—one that enables us to understand how and why Muslims through history have embraced values such as exploration, ambiguity, aestheticization, polyvalence, and relativism, as well as practices such as figural art, music, and even wine drinking as Islamic. It also puts forward a new understanding of the historical constitution of Islamic law and its relationship to philosophical ethics and political theory. A book that is certain to provoke debate and significantly alter our understanding of Islam, What Is Islam? reveals how Muslims have historically conceived of and lived with Islam as norms and truths that are at once contradictory yet coherent.
Since then , the call to prayer has been a powerful and compelling symbol of the
human voice in Islam . As it rises five times a day from mosques throughout the
world , it raises the human voice above every other sound , melody or din .
Author: Abdulkader Tayob
Publisher: Oneworld Publications Limited
This is a much-needed, concise and innovative introduction to the religion of Islam. Abdulkader Tayob's unique approach takes the reader on a symbolic voyage of discovery around a mosque, from the minaret to the minbar (pulpit). He uses these immediate and tangible structures to introduce teachings, practices, values and issues central to this rich and fascinating world faith, including: -- prayer, worship and pilgrimage -- gender and community -- technology and religion -- challenges and opportunities in the 21st century. This is a thought-provoking and accessible exploration of the key elements of Islam for students, Muslims seeking a new perspective on their faith, and all those interested in the study of religion in the world today.
Morphed into human and animal forms, the Arabic letters represent a backward,
agrarian, and obsolete past, one from ... letters call to mind the beautiful human
body, and the bodies of all ugly letters call to mind the bodies of ugly people.
Author: Esra Akin-Kivanc
Muthanna, also known as mirror writing, is a compelling style of Islamic calligraphy composed of a source text and its mirrored image placed symmetrically on a horizontal or vertical axis. This style elaborates on various scripts such as Kufi, naskh, and muqahhaq through compositional arrangements, including doubling, superimposing, and stacking. Muthanna is found in diverse media, ranging from architecture, textiles, and tiles to paper, metalwork, and woodwork. Yet despite its centuries-old history and popularity in countries from Iran to Spain, scholarship on the form has remained limited and flawed. Muthanna/Mirror Writing in Islamic Calligraphy provides a comprehensive study of the text and its forms, beginning with an explanation of the visual principles and techniques used in its creation. Author Esra Akın-Kıvanç explores muthanna's relationship to similar forms of writing in Judaic and Christian contexts, as well as the specifically Islamic contexts within which symmetrically mirrored compositions reached full fruition, were assigned new meanings, and transformed into more complex visual forms. Throughout, Akın-Kıvanç imaginatively plays on the implicit relationship between subject and object in muthanna by examining the point of view of the artist, the viewer, and the work of art. In doing so, this study elaborates on the vital links between outward form and inner meaning in Islamic calligraphy.
bones of contention between people we call Islamic fundamentalists and the rest
of the world . The second point that needs to be borne in mind is that Islamic
fundamentalism as it has developed in the Muslim world today is a reaction not
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Africa
121 Muslim tolerance of other great religions , inspired by the practice of Prophet
Muhammad , is a historical ... including the problems of oppressed people , with a
special reference to the Kurdish people in Iran : The call of Islam is the call to ...
Author: Uichol Kim
Henriette Sinding Aasen: Universal and Islamic conception of human rights and justice. Shahla Ezazi: Family in Iran. Shiva Daulatabadi: Education in Iran / Shiva Daulatabadi, Hassan Ashayeri & Morteza Majdfar. Shirin Ebadi: Democracy, human rights, and the Iranian government / Shirin Ebadi & Henriette Sinding Aasen. Fariborz Raisdana: Political economy of poverty in Iran. Krzysztof Gawlikowski: Dialogue among civilizations as a new challenge in the era of globalization.
S. 291-343 - ISBN 1-85043-679-7 Saudi - Arabien + Ibn - ' Abd - al - Wahhab ,
Muhammad + Wahhabismus + Islam + Religiöser Fundamentalismus + ... Islamic
law : separation of the divine from the human ; 4. ... Islam or call to violence ?; 6.
Category: Africa, North
THE THREE FORCES OPPOSING THE CALL When King Faisal explained the
causes for the opposition of imperialist forces to the call for Islamic solidarity , he
said , “ They do so because they know that Islam is the religion of brotherhood , of
Author: Ahmed Assah
Category: Saudi Arabia
In contrast , Islam has always emphasized the liberation of the human mind and
man ' s free choice to accept the Islamic Holy ... I call to God ' s wayby wholesome
discernment ( this call is done by ] me and by those whosoever follow me .
Author: Abdulrahman Abdulkadir Kurdi
Publisher: Burns & Oates
Knowledge of the two combine to form a complete Muslim . adhân Adam The first
human created by God , and known as Abû ... In a mosque , it is made by a
muezzin ( Arabic mu ' ADHDHIN ) , but each Muslim can also pronounce the call .
Author: Gordon Newby
Publisher: Oneworld Publications Limited
An alphabetically-arranged reference work covers the Muslim faith from its origins to the present day, including key people, places, texts, art, and rituals.
... groups such as the Liberation Movement of Iran, which he cofounded in 1961,
and the Iranian Human Rights Association, which he co- founded in 1977. ... you
as a witness and a bearer of happy tidings and an admonisher, and to call [men]
to God by His leave, and as a lamp resplendent. (Quran, Sura 33, Verse )1
The European Renaissance and the Church In one of the nights of the month of ...
Author: Assistant Professor of Sociology Charles Kurzman
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
This book contends that "Liberal Islam" is not a contradiction in terms, but rather a thriving tradition more than a century old and undergoing a revival within the last generation. This anthology presents the translated work of 32 Muslims who are concerned with the seperation of church and state, democracy, the condiditon of women, the rights of minorities, freedom of thought, and the future of human progress.
With justice comes minds of some people ; what is regarded mercy , protection of
human dignity and peace and as ... is some confusion in the minds of some
people ; WMC Conference in Colombo should issue a call to what is regarded as
Category: Islamic countries
These objects are guided by one sublime spirit that aim to achieve the following
principles: I. The call for a purified humane life without any discrimination in
duties and rights or discrimination for race or ethnic origin. ll. The call for
Author: حقيل، سليمان عبد الرحمن
Category: Civil rights
The chief panoply of ways in India that outsiders call Hindu , just as we call a
Japanese Shinto , are incongruous usages that secularists could have thought
up , just as we call the Islamic way of being human Muslim , unconscious that
Author: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars
Publisher: Lanham, MD : University Press of America
Category: Social Science
2 Islamic Summit at Lahore The Libyan Arab people , while shaping their life
according to the spirit of the noble Islamic Shariat , call for Muslim brotherhood
and solidarity and for a return to responsible adherence to Jihad in the path of
Author: Libya. Wizārat al-Iʻlām wa-al-Thaqāfah
the words of the prayer - call that were then being uttered beine " I testify that
Mobammad is the Prophet of God " . ... Damely , ibat belief in the prophecy was
not necessary so long as the truth of the teaching of Islam ci ' uld be accepted on
Author: Syed Anwer Ali
Newsletter published by the Islamic Educational , Scientific and Cultural
Organization ISESCO denounces the terror bombings in Riyadh and calls upon
the Islamic world to condemn them Tarnishing the image of Islam in the world
Author: Paul Schrijver
Category: Africa, Sub-Saharan