The Nature of Intellectual Styles

teachers' intellectual styles and socialization factors still play a role in facilitating
an understanding of the nature of styles as related to the issue of the malleability
of styles? The answer is affirmative. We maintain our position that intellectual ...

Author: Li-fang Zhang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136500871

Category: Education

Page: 248

View: 657

This book provides an up-to-date, panoramic picture of the field of intellectual styles through describing, analyzing, and integrating the major theoretical and research works on the topic. Readers will gain a broad understanding of the field--its nature, origins, historical development, theories, research, and applications, as well as the interrelationships among major theoretical constructs proposed by different theorists in the past few decades. In particular, three major controversial issues in the field are addressed by both empirical findings and literature review: styles as better versus worse or as equal in merit; styles as traits versus styles as states; and styles as different constructs versus styles as similar constructs with different style labels. Educators will find ideas on how to improve their teaching and assessment of student performance. Student development specialists will be interested in the book because intellectual styles, as evidenced by recent studies, play a critical role in many aspects of student development including cognitive, affective, psychosocial, and career development. Psychologists will gain an understanding of an important facet of the field at the interface between cognition and personality. Managers in business will find the book relevant to such issues as effective supervision and staff training and development. The Nature of Intellectual Styles is intended for anyone--particularly researchers and students in the fields of education, psychology, and business management--who is interested in understanding intellectual styles and their effects on daily life.

Perspectives on the Nature of Intellectual Styles

This model divides all styles into three basic kinds. Specifically, the model
classifies existing main style constructs into three broad types: Type I, Type II, and
Type III styles. Type I intellectual styles denote preferences for tasks that provide
low ...

Author: Dr. Robert J. Sternberg, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826104618

Category: Education

Page: 328

View: 288

"...provide[s] and in-depth review of intellectual styles...All the contributors provide important information...Each chapter includes extensive references...Summing up: Recommended. Choice Teachers too often assume that student performance levels are based solely on the student's intelligence, effort, and motivation. This book takes a unique perspective, arguing that the difference in students' performance may be nothing more than differences in intellectual styles of learning or thinking. Intellectual styles simply refer to individualized ways of processing information. This stimulating and provocative text integrates the most recent theories and research on intellectual styles. The internationally acclaimed contributors address cutting-edge, controversial issues in the field that have yet to be resolved, including whether certain intellectual styles are better than others, how creativity affects intellectual style, and whether styles are traits or states. Key Features: Distinguishes intellectual styles from other constructs, such as intellectual capacity or effort levels Situates the field of styles within the larger context of the psychological, educational, and business literatures Provides concrete guidelines for researchers, teachers, and employers to apply the concept of intellectual styles to educational and business settings Researchers, teachers, employers, psychologists, and students will find this book to be a fascinating, engaging read, offering a breadth and depth of insight into the nature of intellectual styles.

The Malleability of Intellectual Styles

Intellectual styles are an individual's preferred ways of using the cognitive abilities that they possess. This book presents the first comprehensive and systematic review of existing research on style malleability.

Author: Li-fang Zhang

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107096448

Category: Education

Page: 382

View: 714

This book presents the first comprehensive and systematic review of existing research on the malleability of intellectual styles.

Handbook of Intellectual Styles

The accumulated knowledge in the field of intellectual styles has reached a new
level of maturity. We see this maturity reflected in the nature of the research
questions asked, the range of issues and topics investigated, the scope of ...

Author: Li-fang Zhang

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826106676

Category: Psychology

Page: 429

View: 451


Adaptive Decision Making and Intellectual Styles

Abstract This chapter describes, analyses, and critically explores intellectual
styles of individuals living in different parts of the world. It is organized into two
main sections. The first is devoted to exploring the nature of intellectual styles, ...

Author: Francesco Sofo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146146708X

Category: Psychology

Page: 114

View: 127

​This exciting publication provides the reader with a theoretical and practical approach to adaptive decision making, based on an appreciation of cognitive styles, in a cross-cultural context. The aim of this Brief is to describe the role of thinking-through different options as part of the decision-making process. Since cognitive style influences decision behavior, the book will first examine thinking styles, which involve both cognitive and emotive elements, as habits or preferences that shape and empower one’s cognition and emotion. The information contained in this Brief will be a useful resource to both researchers studying decision making as well as to instructors in the higher education sector and to human resource development practitioners, especially those working in international, multi-cultural companies.

Understanding Pedagogy

Applying learning style research in the classroom: Some cautions and the way
ahead, (pp. ... G. Rayner (Eds), International perspectives on individual
differences, Volume 1 Cognitive Styles. ... Perspectives on the nature of
intellectual styles.

Author: Michael Waring

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317597478

Category: Education

Page: 260

View: 997

What is meant by pedagogy? How does our conception of pedagogy inform good teaching and learning? Pedagogy is a complex concept of which student and practising teachers need to have an understanding, yet there remain many ambiguities about what the term means, and how it informs learning in the classroom. Understanding Pedagogy examines pedagogy in a holistic way, supporting a more critical and reflective understanding of teaching and learning. It considers pedagogy as a concept that covers not just teaching approaches and pupil-teacher relationships but one which also embraces and informs educational theory, personal learning styles, assessment, and relationships inside and outside the classroom. A detailed consideration of what it means to be a professional in the contemporary climate, Understanding Pedagogy challenges student and practising teachers to reappraise their understanding and practice through effectively linking theory and practice. Key issues explored include the importance of understanding a learning styles profile, the application of cognitive neuroscience to teaching, personalised learning, assessment and feedback, and what we mean by critical reflection. Using the Personal Learning Styles Pedagogy, the authors make explicit the integration of theory and practice and the many decisions and selections that teachers make, their implications for what is being taught and learnt, how learners are positioned in the pedagogical process, and ultimately, how learning can be improved. Understanding Pedagogy will be essential reading for student and practising teachers, as well those on Education Studies courses and undertaking masters level courses, involved in the endeavour of understanding what constitutes effective teaching and learning.

E Learning Technologies and Evidence Based Assessment Approaches

Applied Psychological Measurement, 8, 125-145. Zhang, L., & Sternberg, R. J. (
2005). A threefold model of intellectual styles. Educational Psychology Review,
17(1), 1-53. Zhang, L., & Sternberg, R.J. (2006) The nature of intellectual styles.

Author: Spratt, Christine

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1605664111

Category: Games & Activities

Page: 344

View: 904

"This book aims to provide readers with a variety of contemporary solutions to identified educational problems of practice related to the assessment of student learning in e-learning environments"--Provided by publisher.

Inquiry in Education Overcoming barriers to successful implementation

... and Thinking Styles The Pursuit of Excellence Through Education Remaking
the Concept of Aptitude : Extending the ... Enhancement and New Constructs The
Nature of Intellectual Styles Translating Theory and Research into Educational ...

Author: Mark W. Aulls

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780805827439

Category: Education

Page: 344

View: 531

Inquiry in Education, Volume II: Overcoming Barriers to Successful Implementation, focuses on a corollary question: If inquiry is such a good thing, why is it not universal practice? What barriers stand in the way, and how can teachers overcome them?"--pub. desc.

Inquiry in Education The conceptual foundations for research as a curricular imperative

... on Intellectual Functioning and Development Intelligence and Technology: The
Impact of Tools on the nature and Development of Human Abilities Extending
Intelligence: Enhancement and New Constructs The Nature of Intellectual Styles

Author: Mark W. Aulls

Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum


Category: Education

Page: 336

View: 274

Why should inquiry--the engine for independent, curiosity- and interest-driven, life-long learning--be a curricular imperative, and its presence a criterion for excellent education? Is it possible to teach inquiry skills systematically and to engage learners in being inquirers across elementary, secondary, and post-secondary schooling? To answer these urgent questions, this book *pulls together more than four decades of expert opinion, quantitative research, and qualitative research on inquiry in different disciplines, school subjects, and levels of education; and *presents a dozen different pedagogical, philosophical, and disciplinary traditions within which evidence and rationale are found for building learning and teaching experiences around inquiry-based curricula. "Inquiry in Education, Volume I: The Conceptual Foundations for Research as a Curricular Imperative" is the first book to gather all these sources together, to build a cross-disciplinary case for inquiry as the central core of sound curriculum design, and to offer an organized interpretation of this large body of knowledge from a variety of perspectives and for different educational purposes. A companion volume, Shore, Aulls, & Delcourt, Eds., "Inquiry in Education, Volume II: Overcoming Barriers to Successful Implementation," focuses on a corollary question: If inquiry is such a good thing, why is it not universal practice? What barriers stand in the way, and how can teachers overcome them? "Inquiry in Education, Volume I " is intended for scholars, faculty, and students of education, and for practitioners at all levels of schooling who support inquiry-oriented reforms in education and who want to learn more about how to use inquiry in their own practice.

Cognitive and Emotional Processes in Web based Education

Current activities include work on knowledge transfer in cognitive style research ,
the development of differential pedagogy in practice , developing educationists '
professional learning at ... Perspectives on the Nature of Intellectual Styles .

Author: Nikos Tsianos

Publisher: IGI Global


Category: Computers

Page: 541

View: 459

"This book presents theories and practical frameworks to assist educators and trainers in developing e-learning applications"--Provided by publisher.

Perspectives on Thinking Learning and Cognitive Styles

This volume presents the most comprehensive, balanced, and up-to-date coverage of theory and research on cognitive, thinking, and learning styles, in a way that: * represents diverse theoretical perspectives; * includes solid empirical ...

Author: Robert J. Sternberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135663610

Category: Education

Page: 286

View: 486

This volume presents the most comprehensive, balanced, and up-to-date coverage of theory and research on cognitive, thinking, and learning styles, in a way that: * represents diverse theoretical perspectives; * includes solid empirical evidence testing the validity of these perspectives; and * shows the application of these perspectives to school situations, as well as situations involving other kinds of organizations. International representation is emphasized, with chapters from almost every major leader in the field of styles. Each chapter author has contributed serious theory and/or published empirical data--work that is primarily commercial or that implements the theories of others. The book's central premise is that cognitive, learning, and thinking styles are not abilities but rather preferences in the use of abilities. Traditionally, many psychologists and educators have believed that people's successes and failures are attributable mainly to individual differences in abilities. However, for the past few decades research on the roles of thinking, learning, and cognitive styles in performance within both academic and nonacademic settings has indicated that they account for individual differences in performance that go well beyond abilities. New theories better differentiate styles from abilities and make more contact with other psychological literatures; recent research, in many cases, is more careful and conclusive than are some of the older studies. Cognitive, learning, and thinking styles are of interest to educators because they predict academic performance in ways that go beyond abilities, and because taking styles into account can help teachers to improve both instruction and assessment and to show sensitivity to cultural and individual diversity among learners. They are also of interest in business, where instruments to assess styles are valuable in selecting and placing personnel. The state-of-the-art research and theory in this volume will be of particular interest to scholars and graduate students in cognitive and educational psychology, managers, and others concerned with intellectual styles as applied in educational, industrial, and corporate settings.


Effects of learning style intervention on students ' retention and achievement .
Journal of College Student ... The monitoring of intellectual propensities in early
childhood . Harvard Project Zero ... The nature of intellectual styles . Mahwah , NJ

Author: Jie-Qi Chen

Publisher: Corwin


Category: Education

Page: 333

View: 937

Includes a facilitator's guide to help teachers use familiar activities to observe children naturally in language and literacy, visual arts, mathematics, sciences, and the performing arts.


The writing styles of the chapters vary , as expected , but each is eminently
readable and accessible . Topics range ... 47 - 2295 BF311 2009 - 5088 CIP
Perspectives on the nature of intellectual styles , ed . by Li - Fang Zhang and
Robert J . Sternberg . Springer ... provide an in - depth review of intellectual styles
, but the successful reader of this book will need background knowledge of the
subject . All the ...




Category: Academic libraries


View: 718

Environment and Behavior Studies

They reflect, therefore, a mixture of confidence and hesitation, intellectual security
and anxiety, brashness and timidity, flexibility and stubbornness. ... subject matter
of their work, philosophical perspectives regarding the nature of science, the
linkages of research and practice, ... And, they did exactly that, each speaking
with his or her own voice, style of self-presentation, and providing a rich and
varied ...

Author: Irwin Altman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146847944X

Category: Psychology

Page: 392

View: 772

This eleventh volume in the series departs from the pattern of earlier volumes. Some of those volumes addressed research, design, and policy topics in terms of environmental settings, for example, homes, communities, neighborhoods, and public places. Others focused on environmental users, for example, chil dren and the elderly. The present volume examines the field of environment and behavior studies itself in the form of intellectual histories of some of its most productive and still visible senior participants. In so doing we hope to provide readers with a grand sweep of the field-its research and design content, methodology, institutions, and past and future trajectories-through the experiences and intellectual histories of its participants. Why intellectual histories? Several factors led to the decision to launch this project. For one, 1989 was an anniversary and commemorative year for the Environmental Design Research Association, perhaps the major and most long-standing interdisciplinary organization of environment and behavior re searchers and practitioners. Established in 1969, this organization has been the vehicle for generations of researchers and practitioners from many disciplines to come together annually to exchange ideas, present papers, and develop professional and personal relationships. It held its first and twentieth meetings in North Carolina, with the twentieth conference substantially devoted to dis cussions of the past, present, and future of the field-a taking stock, so to speak. Thus it seemed appropriate to launch a volume on intellectual histories at this significant juncture in the life of the field.

Changing Assessments

The nature of “intelligence” and the principles of cognition. London: ...
Intelligence applied: Understanding and increasing your intellectual skills. ...
Mental self-government: A theory of intellectual styles and their development.
Human ...

Author: Bernard R. Gifford

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401129681

Category: Education

Page: 337

View: 806

Bernard R. Gifford As we edge toward the year 2000, the information age is a reality; the global marketplace is increasingly competitive; and the U.S. labor force is shrinking. Today more than ever, our nation's economic and social well-being hinges on our ability to tap our human resources-to identify talent, to nurture it, and to assess abilities and disabilities in ways that help every individual reach his or her full potential. In pursuing that goal, decision-makers in education, industry, and government are relying increasingly on standardized tests: sets of question- with identical directions, time limits and tasks for all test-takers-designed to permit an inference about what someone knows or can do in a particular area. CALIBRATING DIFFERENCE Our emphasis on standardized testing rests on a premise that is so basic it often escapes notice: that we humans are different from each other in ways that are both meaningful and measurable. We differ in terms of cognitive ability; aptitude for performing different kinds of mental and physical tasks; temperament; and interests. But somehow, without sufficient examination, we have taken a great collective leap from that commonplace to the notion that there are precise, measurable gradations of innate ability that can be used to direct children to the right classrooms, and adults to the right job slots.

The Nature of Academic Writing in an Interdisciplinary Field

... J. M. Swales and K. M. Fredrickson ( in press ) . Journal abstracts from three
academic fields in the United States and Sweden : National or disciplinary
proclivities ? In A. Duszak ( ed . ) Intellectual Styles and Cross - Cultural
Communication .

Author: Betty Thavamani Ruth Samraj



Category: English language

Page: 644

View: 305

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Childhood Cognitive Development

New York: Cambridge University Press. Grigorenko, E. L. (2009). What is so
stylish about styles? Comments on the genetic etiology of intellectual styles. In L.-
F. Zhang & R. J. Sternberg (Eds.), Perspectives on intellectual styles (pp. 233–

Author: Usha Goswami

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444351737

Category: Psychology

Page: 816

View: 112

This definitive volume is the result of collaboration by top scholars in the field of children's cognition. New edition offers an up-to-date overview of all the major areas of importance in the field, and includes new data from cognitive neuroscience and new chapters on social cognitive development and language Provides state-of-the-art summaries of current research by international specialists in different areas of cognitive development Spans aspects of cognitive development from infancy to the onset of adolescence Includes chapters on symbolic reasoning, pretend play, spatial development, abnormal cognitive development and current theoretical perspectives

Reading Sartre

... those currently working with Sartre alongside much agreement across their
diverse intellectual styles and commitments. ... including the nature of mind and
its relation to the rest of reality, the ways in which we understand ourselves and
one ...

Author: Jonathan Webber

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136918051

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 940

Jean-Paul Sartre was one of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century. The fourteen original essays in this volume focus on the phenomenological and existentialist writings of the first major phase of his published career, arguing with scholarly precision for their continuing importance to philosophical debate. Aspects of Sartre’s philosophy under discussion in this volume include: consciousness and self-consciousness imagination and aesthetic experience emotions and other feelings embodiment selfhood and the Other freedom, bad faith, and authenticity literary fiction as philosophical writing Reading Sartre: on Phenomenology and Existentialism is an indispensable resource for understanding the nature and importance of Sartre’s philosophy. It is essential reading for students of phenomenology, existentialism, ethics, or aesthetics, and for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary thought in twentieth century philosophy.

Intellectuals and their Publics

... the Thought ofTheodor W. Adorno and Jürgen Habermas Stefan MüllerDoohm
Thesocial figure ofthe intellectual is without doubt oneof ... people have classified
certain thinkers asintellectuals on the basis of the nature of their public
interventions in writing and speech.1 ... that theintellectual may Towards a
Sociology of Intellectual Styles of Thought: Differences and Similarities inthe
Thought of Theodor ...

Author: Dr Andreas Hess

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409491676

Category: Social Science

Page: 292

View: 248

How do intellectuals engage with and affect their publics? What is the role of the public intellectual in the new age of political uncertainties? What challenges face female intellectuals and those speaking from an ethnic, national or class position? This exciting collection responds to these questions by offering a broad-ranging account of the changing role of intellectuals in public life. The volume opens with provocative essays on the idea and role of the public intellectual from Alexander, Evans and Zulaika. Chapters from Rabinbach on intellectuals' responses to totalitarianism, Outhwaite on what it means to be a European intellectual, and Auer’s discussion of the dissident intellectual in the collapse of communism lead onto vigorous debate of earlier points discussed through specific intellectual case studies from Tocqueville to Hayek. Intellectuals and their Publics will attract a broad readership interested in the role of the intellectual, with particular appeal for sociologists, political theorists and historians of ideas.

International and Cross Cultural Management Research

Therefore, large Etic projects look in fact for differences in degree, in the style of
perspective (2). ... convergence in the nature of the conceptual dimensions
across nations/cultures while assessing differences in degree, since ... There is a
wide range of opinions about the matter of whether cross-national laws exist and
whether there is any possibility ROLE OF LANGUAGE AND INTELLECTUAL

Author: Jean-Claude Usunier

Publisher: SAGE Publications Ltd

ISBN: 9780761952800

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 195

View: 701

Written for students and others wishing to do international and cross-cultural research in business and management, this book provides an accessible introduction to the major principles and practices. A cross-cultural perspective has become vital to most contemporary management research. The increasingly global business environment has led to both a greater practical need for international management research and a questioning of whether management science follows universal rules. This book addresses the particular characteristics of international management research, including the important role of culture. A key introduction provides a comprehensive overview of the background, major issues and different a