The NeuroProcessor

This book presents the Neuroprocessor, a novel computational neuronal interface device implemented in VLSI technology.

Author: Yevgeny Perelman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402087268

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 122

View: 563

Understanding brain structure and principles of operation is one of the major challengesofmodernscience.SincetheexperimentsbyGalvanionfrogmuscle contraction in 1792, it is known that electrical impulses lie at the core of the brain activity. The technology of neuro-electronic interfacing, besides its importance for neurophysiological research, has also clinical potential, so called neuropr- thetics. Sensory prostheses are intended to feed sensory data into patient’s brain by means of neurostimulation. Cochlear prostheses [1] are one example of sensory prostheses that are already used in patients. Retinal prostheses are currently under research [2]. Recent neurophysiological experiments [3, 4] show that brain signals recorded from motor cortex carry information regarding the movement of subject’s limbs (Fig. 1.1). These signals can be further used to control ext- nal machines [4] that will replace missing limbs, opening the ?eld of motor prosthetics, devices that will restore lost limbs or limb control. Fig. 1.1. Robotic arm controlled by monkey motor cortex signals. MotorLab, U- versity of Pittsburgh. Prof Andy Schwartz, U. Pitt 2 1 Introduction Another group of prostheses would provide treatment for brain diseases, such as prevention of epileptic seizure or the control of tremor associated with Parkinson disease [5]. Brain implants for treatment of Epilepsy and Parkinson symptoms (Fig. 1.2) are already available commercially [6, 7]. Fig. 1.2. Implantable device for Epilepsy seizures treatment [7]. Cyberonics, Inc.

Mechatronics 98

Let we have a neuroprocessor structure topologically similar to the graph-model
of the object states space. Each structure neuroprocessor must correspond to
vertex of the graph-model, moreover, if two vertices of the graph are connected
by ...

Author: J. Adolfsson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080552854

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 918

View: 734

Mechatronics, a synergistic combination of mechanical, electronic and computing engineering technologies, is a truly multidisciplinary approach to engineering. New products based on mechatronic principles are demonstrating reduced mechanical complexity, increased performance and often previously impossible capabilities. This book contains the papers presented at the UK Mechatronics Forum's 6th International Conference, held in Skövde, Sweden, in September 1998. Many of these high-quality papers illustrate the tremendous influence of mechatronics on such areas as manufacturing machinery, automotive engineering, textiles manufacture, robotics, and real-time control and vision systems. There are also papers describing developments in sensors, actuators, control and data processing techniques, such as fuzzy logic and neural networks, all of which have practical application to mechatronic systems.

Optical Storage and Retrieval

Note that the neuroprocessor is a multipurpose device for solving a wide range of
problems: a full reconfiguration of its structure is achieved by a simple change in
the disk with recorded information. For example, let us consider the use of the ...

Author: Francis T.S. Yu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824797072

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 344

View: 545

Presents recent technical information and gives an overview of progress in optical memory, neural networks and fractals from the viewpoint of optical information processing. The work introduces holographic optical disks and holographic storage in photorefractive crystal fibre, discusses the optical implementation of neural networks, explains the use of neurochips as artificial retinas, and more.

DCIS2002

Hardware implementation In this paper we start with the description in section 2
of the architecture of our neuroprocessor . In section 3 we show the elements that
compound the architecture and its hardware implementation in a first prototype .

Author: Salvador Bracho del Pino

Publisher: Ed. Universidad de Cantabria

ISBN: 9788481023114

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 735

View: 208

Este libro contiene las presentaciones de la XVII Conferencia de Diseño de Circuitos y Sistemas Integrados celebrado en el Palacio de la Magdalena, Santander, en noviembre de 2002. Esta Conferencia ha alcanzado un alto nivel de calidad, como consecuencia de su tradición y madurez, que lo convierte en uno de los acontecimientos más importantes para los circuitos de microelectrónica y la comunidad de diseño de sistemas en el sur de Europa. Desde su origen tiene una gran contribución de Universidades españolas, aunque hoy los autores participan desde catorce países

Ninth Workshop on Virtual Intelligence Dynamic Neural Networks

Neuroprocessor NeuroMatrix NM6403 architecture overview P . A . Chevtchenko
“ , D . V . Fomine “ , V . M . Tchernikov “ ... an architecture overview of the
NeuroMatrix NM6403 neuroprocessor designed for 32 - bit and 64 - bit data
processing .

Author: Workshop on Virtual Intelligence

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780819432025

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 598

View: 200


NASA Tech Briefs

Refer to GSC - 142 Neuroprocessor for Detecting Misfire in an Automotive
Engine Indications of misfire are derived ... as a proCrankshaft Acceleration
totype of neuroprocessors for detecting misfire in internal - combustion piston
Crankshaft ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Technology

Page:

View: 195


Shanghai Dream

He was to stay in the lab until officials from the PLA's Third Department arrived to
take away Black Jade's server and the quantum neuroprocessor. Professor Yao
had compromised the major-general's clandestine project and soon the security ...

Author: Sahr Johnny

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1411638611

Category: Fiction

Page: 344

View: 871

Burnt out hacker Cad Caldwell is on the verge of committing nanobot-induced suicide in a cramped Union capsule hotel when a mysterious package arrives from Tokyo. Inside, a sleek black computer console unlike anything he has ever seen before. He must use the console to hack into the core of a secretive new network deep in the heart of New China.

Olfaction and Electronic Nose

Because the neuroprocessor operates only with integer data , all the real weights
and entry signals were converted to this data type by multiplication with factor K .
The reduction of data from the real type to the integer one brings the error 8 = X ...

Author: Matteo Pardo

Publisher: American Inst. of Physics

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 614

View: 113

ISOEN addresses research in the fields of gas sensors and artificial olfactory systems. In this edition we broadened the participation spectrum to all kinds of analytical instrumentation for odor measurement and to biological olfaction. We also had a strong involvement in industry. The audience comprises materials scientists, chemists, physicists, engineers, biologists, computer scientists, and application specialists (e.g. food, medical, environmental, security).

1993 Symposium on VLSI Circuits

A Digital Neuroprocessor using Quantizer Neurons Hiroyuki Nakahira, Shiro
Sakiyama, Masakatsu Maruyama, Kenichi Hasegawa, Toshiyuki Kouda, Susumu
Maruno, Yasuharu Shimeki, Takami Satonakat, Yoshihisa Naganot Matsushita ...

Author: IEEE Solid-State Circuits Council

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 127

View: 217


3rd International Conference on High Performance Computing

We selected three popular neural networks with their typical applications to be
used as benchmarks to study the performance of the neuro-processor. These are:
Hopfield Network: A 10-neuron Hopfield network designed to perform circuit ...

Author: IEEE Computer Society

Publisher: IEEE Computer Society

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 476

View: 195


IEICE Transactions on Electronics

981 References neuroprocessor - named quantizer neuron chip , ” IEEE J. Sel ct .
Areas Commun . , vol . 12 , no . 9 , pp . 1503-1509 , Dec. 1994 . was Hiroyuki
Nakahira born in Okayama , Japan , on February 18 , 1964 . He received the B.S.
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Electrical engineering

Page:

View: 569


Proceedings of Technical Papers

Neuroprocessor Design As shown in Fig . 2 , each small frame represents one
velocity - selective hypercolumn which contains ( 2Dx + 1 ) ( 2D , + 1 ) velocity -
sensitive components . Each hypercolumn is locally interconnected to its rxr - 1 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Integrated circuits

Page:

View: 106


Applications and Science of Artificial Neural Networks

A compact current - mode VLSI design feasibility of the neural processor was
demonstrated by an 16x8x9 - cube neuroprocessor chip design in a 2 - um
CMOS technology . The whole neural computer can be accommodated into one
slice of a ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Neural networks (Computer science)

Page:

View: 442

Volumes consist of the proceedings of the International Conference on Applications and Science of Artificial Neural Networks.

Proceedings

Distribution of the values of the BPTT - gradient throughout the RNN - training
Figure 9. Picture of the FPGA - PrototypingBoard used for the evaluation of the
NeuroProcessor Mode ' of the XILINX XC4000 FPGA for a fast FPGAconfiguration
.

Author: EUROMICRO 24, 1998, Västerås

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780818686467

Category:

Page:

View: 425


Artificial Neural Networks

Analog neuroprocessors with a storage capacitor for the synapse have been
extensively studied with a view toward ... to a practical implementation of the
neuroprocessor is to refresh the weight charge in the same manner as used in
DRAMs .

Author: Edgar Sánchez-Sinencio

Publisher: IEEE

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 549

View: 645


Eleventh International Symposium on High Voltage Engineering Topic G Dielectric diagnostics expert systems Topic H Industrial applications

This paper describes the basic functions and practical applications of the
neuroprocessor slide-in-card which can co-operate with any conventional
Pentium computer as a host. Structure of the neural signal recognition system As
described ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Electric discharges through gases

Page:

View: 782


Optics for Science and New Technology

Optical / digital neuroprocessor : an approach to neurocomputer * Yanxin Zhang ,
Shengjiang Chang , Zhanbing Feng , Shengquan Gao and Guoguang Mu
Nankai University , Institute of Modern Optics , Tianjin 300071 China ABSTRACT
A ...

Author: International Commission for Optics. Congress

Publisher: SPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering

ISBN:

Category: Optics

Page: 1241

View: 139


1998 IEEE International Conference on Electronics Circuits and Systems

Surfing the Waves of Science and Technology ; Lisboa, Portugal, 7 - 10
September, 1998. DEC ALFA DPC _ BAD SUS KAM ROM Fig . 1 . Building
blocks of the neuroprocessor board ( CU , four PES and SRAM ) , buses and
main signals .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780780350083

Category:

Page:

View: 395


Earth and Space Science Information Systems

High Speed Analog Neuroprocessors for Event Tagging and Data Management *
Raoul Tawel and Timothy X . Brown ... electronic implementation of a custom
analog CMOS VLSI neuroprocessor for pattern classification , based on a circuit ...

Author: Arthur Zygielbaum

Publisher: A I P Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 924

View: 665

The ISY Conference was organized to promote and enhance international scientific communication and co-operation for the collection, processing, archiving, distribution and analysis of earth and space science data. These are the proceedings of this conference.

Optical Pattern Recognition

This wavelet preprocessor will enable the neuroprocessor to dynamically focus
its vision on incoming targets based on their known features . This will result in
higher discrimination and lower false alarm rate . The theoretical analysis of the ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Optical pattern recognition

Page:

View: 362