The Private Side of the Canton Trade 1700 1840

The case studies in this volume demonstrate that fortunes could be made in China by trading in legitimate items just as successfully as in illegitimate ones, which tellingly suggests that the rapid spread of opium smuggling in China could ...

Author: Paul A. Van Dyke

Publisher: Hong Kong University Press

ISBN: 9888390937

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 352

It is not often recognized that China was one of the few places in the early modern world where all merchants had equal access to the market. This study shows that private traders, regardless of the volume of their trade, were granted the same privileges in Canton as the large East India companies. All of these companies relied, to some extent, on private capital to finance their operations. Without the investments from individuals, the trade with China would have been greatly hindered. Competitors, large and small, traded alongside each other while enemies traded alongside enemies. Buddhists, Muslims, Catholics, Protestants, Parsees, Armenians, Hindus, and others lived and worked within the small area in the western suburbs of Canton designated for foreigners. Cantonese shopkeepers were not allowed to discriminate against any foreign traders. In fact, the shopkeepers were generally working in a competitive environment, providing customer-oriented service that generated goodwill, friendship, and trust. These contributed to the growth of the trade as a whole. While many private traders were involved in smuggling opium, others, such as Nathan Dunn, were much opposed to it. The case studies in this volume demonstrate that fortunes could be made in China by trading in legitimate items just as successfully as in illegitimate ones, which tellingly suggests that the rapid spread of opium smuggling in China could be a result of inadequate, rather than excessive, regulation by the Qing government. ‘For this absorbing book, Van Dyke and Schopp have convened excellent scholars, junior and senior, to throw new light on the foreign merchants outside the East India companies who shaped China’s engagement with the world at least as much as the companies’ men did, if not more. The slumbering field of foreign trade in Qing China has come back to life.’ —Timothy Brook, University of British Columbia ‘Much scholarship on the China trade has focused on the activities of the vast state-sponsored companies. This book flips the script. Now we know that, right under the noses of those economic behemoths, smaller private traders from Europe, America, and China were quietly reshaping the trade with their innovation, networking, grit, and dreams.’ —John R. Haddad, The Pennsylvania State University

Whampoa and the Canton Trade

From 1770 to 1784, however, we know for certain that all of the French ships
were private so for those years, I include ... Private Trade at Canton, 1698–1833',
in The Private Side of the Canton Trade, 17001840: Beyond the Companies, ed.

Author: Paul A. Van Dyke

Publisher: Hong Kong University Press

ISBN: 9888528351

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 174

Paul A. Van Dyke’s new book, Whampoa and the Canton Trade: Life and Death in a Chinese Port, 1700–1842, authoritatively corrects misconceptions about how the Qing government treated foreigners when it controlled all trade in the Guangzhou port. Van Dyke reappraises the role of Whampoa in the system—a port twenty kilometres away from Guangzhou—and reassesses the government’s attitude towards foreigners, which was much more accommodating than previous research suggested. In fact, Van Dyke shows that foreigners were not bound by local laws and were given freedom of movement around Whampoa and Canton to the extent that they were treated with leniency even when found in off-limit places. Whampoa and the Canton Trade recounts the lives of seamen who travelled half-way around the globe at great risk and lived through a historic period that would become the framework for subsequent encounters between China and the rest of the world. Were it not for the exchanges between the major powers and the Qing empire, the world—as we know it—would be a rather different place. Hence, Van Dyke’s command of data mining shows that Whampoa was a key pillar in the Canton System and, thus, in the making of the modern world economy. ‘Paul Van Dyke has transformed our understanding of the Canton trade. In this book, he brings his enormous knowledge of the primary sources to this study of Whampoa, the anchorage on the Pearl River used by all foreign ships when that trade was confined to the port of Canton, presenting “a view of the trade from the common seaman’s perspective.”’ —Evelyn S. Rawski, University of Pittsburgh ‘Paul A. Van Dyke wonderfully brings to life the drudgery and danger faced by the diverse men who worked the ships of the Canton trade. He skilfully fashions vivid images of the texture of their lives from danger to boredom, from illnesses and accidents to drinking and whoring.’ —R. Bin Wong, UCLA

Encyclopaedia Britannica

In passed into private hands . ... system , the system of and during the whole of
the Peninsular War was at his police and public justice , and the slave trade . ...
He died of His suggestion was to march straight upon the north side apoplexy at
his house near London on 5th July 1826 ... or Ragaz , a watering - place in
Switzerland , sured by the press and the Government ; but , while Lord in the
canton of St ...

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Niles National Register

The Americans were driv- fore Matamoras , did so for the purpose of intercept-
Texas , dated February 1st , 1840 , received ... The particulars are side of the Rio
Grande . ... Elliott to blockade the port of Canton imme- trading companies . ...
13,206,117 66 second drain ; especially if the government should tralists had
received a reinforcement of 1,700 men , Bonds ... 57,151 83 for smaller quantities
of private coffee . against the federalists in northern Mexico , and Contingent fund
interest ...

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Niles Weekly Register

The Americans were drive fore Matainoras , did so for the purpose of intercept-
Texas , dated February 1st , 1840 , received by his ... The particulars are side of
the Rio Grande ... Elliott to blockade the port of Canton imme- trading companies
. ... Stock account , second drain ; especially if the government should tralists had
received a reinforcement of 1,700 men ... quantities of private coffee . against the
federalists in northern Mexico , and Contingent fund interest , We consequently
look ...

Author: Hezekiah Niles

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Category: United States

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M Culloch s Universal Gazetteer

MAC DONALD . l'he harbour is on the W. side of the town , between it and found
four exhibitions of the annual value of £ 50 enst . ... The wishes of the trading
classes have liketarge ships , which accordingly anchor in the roads on the wise
been consulted by the ... About 4390 hand - loons are engaged the merchants of
Canton are obliged to leave that city and in weaving silk fabrics , chiefly silk ...
Dict .; and ing a population of about 3000 in factories only ; and hatPrivate
Information .

Author: John Ramsay McCulloch

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Category: Geography

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A Dictionary Geographical Statistical and Historical

For particulars respecting cipal public buildings are the churches , of which there
are the trade of its various ports , the reader is ... The cathedral , a large brick
edifice the articles MANILLA , CANTON , and NANGASAKI , on of Grecian
architecture , was ... There CALLAO , VALPARAISO on the w . side of America :
and is in it little remarkable ; except a monument to to ... Area of township , 1,700
acres : pop . , in 1841 , edifices in Padua : it has a saloon , 276 ft . in length , 86 in
8,789 .

Author: John Ramsay McCulloch

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Category: Commercial geography

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Harper s Statistical Gazetteer of the World

W. Flanders , tory , now annexed to Switzerland , on the E. side of the 9 m . ...
breweries , & oil mills . has an active trade in Gruyere cheese , corn , wool , and
GHEMME , a mkt . town of Piedmont , prov ... 1840 , 2,558 ; 1850 , 2,293 . ... 110
squares , & many noble public & private edifices . ... having a library of 60,000
vols . , & a theatre for stretch N.E. for about 500 m . , broken through by the 1,700
students ...

Author: John Smith

Publisher:

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Category: Gazetteers

Page: 1952

View: 409


The Encyclopaedia Britannica

In passed into private hands . ... system , the system of and during the whole of
the Peninsular War was at his police and public justice , and the slave trade . ...
He died of His suggestion was to march straight upon the north side apoplexy at
his house near London on 5th July 1826 . of ... but , while Lord in the canton of St
Gall , with a station on the railway to Raglan was possibly to blame in
representing ...

Author: Thomas Spencer Baynes

Publisher:

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Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page:

View: 788


The Encyclopedia Britannica

In passed into private hands . ... system , the system of and during the whole of
the Peninsular War was at his police and public justice , and the slave trade . ...
Ile died of His suggestion was to march straight upon the north side apoplexy at
his house near London on 5th July 1826 . of ... but , while Lord in the canton of St
Gall , with a station on the railway to Raglan was possibly to blame in
representing ...

Author: Thomas Spencer Baynes

Publisher:

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Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page:

View: 619


The Encyclopaedia Britannica

In passed into private hands . ... system , the system of and during the whole of
the Peninsular War was at his police and public justice , and the slave trade . ...
He died of His suggestion was to march straight upon the north side apoplexy at
his house near London on 5th July 1826 . of ... but , while Lord in the canton of St
Gall , with a station on the railway to Raglan was possibly to blame in
representing ...

Author: Thomas Spencer Baynes

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page:

View: 879


The Encyclop dia Britannica

In passed into private hands . ... system , the system of and during the whole of
the Peninsular War was at his police and public justice , and the slave trade . ...
He died of His suggestion was to march straight upon the north side apoplexy at
his house near London on 5th July 1826 . of ... but , while Lord in the canton of St
Gall , with a station on the railway to Raglan was possibly to blame in
representing ...

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The Magazine Antiques

Silhouette hollowcut female head with unusual pre - etched bodice c . 1840 , $ 85
. Amor . Ship Model 33 " , 3 - masted ship with figurehead ... Canton sauce boat ,
714 " Canton milk pitcher . ... Side - handled round butter mold - both faces
carved . ... 1700 - Double flat gate legs - grooved joint top - finelyturned legs with
straight stretchers and original bun feet . ... One to 21 - days tours to country
antiques centres in the U.K. Trade and private enquiries will receive our prompt
attention .

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Category: Antiques

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Historical Abstracts

Author: Eric H. Boehm

Publisher:

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Category: History, Modern

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The Illustrated London News

5 80 Port of the vintage 1840 Port of the vintage 1847 . ... S , 38 , Cheapside . ...
1742 . so : d by the Trade from the Cask , and in 1 lb , and lb. oanisters , KEEN ,
ROBINSON , BELLVILLE , And Co. ... silver spoons , forks , tea and coffee
services and table plate , with par . ticulars of ornamental plate for private use or
presentation ; also , of the ... EDWIN CANTON , Req . , F.R.0.8 . ... Established
A.D. 1700 .

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The Publishers Circular and Booksellers Record

Wynne's History of Gwydir Family Old Plays prior to 1700 Mezzotint engravings in
fine state . ... Azalea Road , Blackburn Mackay , E. , 43 , Murray Place , Stirling
Meehan , B. & J. F. , 32 , Gay Street , Cheapside , E.C. Fielding's Works . ... 2
Ryle's ( J. C. ) 2nd Series Home Truths Mason , S. M. , 34 , West Lower Street ,
Fuller's Worthies Private Life of Two Emperors . ... Road , Burnley Art of Thomas
Hardy Street , Aberdeen Trade Marks ' Journal , 1889-1898 Cartwright's ( F. )
Memoirs of .

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British Books

Wynne's History of Gwydir Family Old Plays prior to 1700 Mezzotint engravings in
fine state . ... Blackburn Mackay , E. , 43 , Murray Place , Stirling Meehan , B. &
J. F. , 32 , Gay Street , Cheapside , E.C. Fielding's ... 1865 Private Life of Two
Emperors . Vol . ... Burnley Art of Thomas Hardy Street , Aberdeen Trade Marks '
Journal , 1889–1898 Cartwright's ( E. ) Memoirs of . ... Published N.W. Cops
Introluction Iristotle's McClure , R. , 23 , Cromwell Street , New between 1840-
1870 Poetical ...

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Stokes Complete One Volume Encyclop dia

Author: H. C. O'Neill

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Category: Encyclopedias

Page: 1626

View: 887


Antiques

... ting 4302-05 , brass holders , $ 350.00 1700 paneled oak miniature blanket
chest , mahogany side chair . signed i . bumstead . ball feet missing , 15 I 8 x 7 " ,
$ 40.00 . ... 2.00 Wharfage receipt Brig Lucy Ann . Rare canary diamond ring
Other atq . jewelry . bly C. 1840 , $ 8 . ... Large Canton tureen . ... Drake 2-9130
Telephone : Park 8643 RACHEL MITCHELL Elgin 6-8379 Trade Supplied Home
& Export Postage Extra Hermitage ... Private collector , New York City . plan to
visit us ...

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The Encyclopaedia Britannica

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