The Rise of Chinese Architectural History

Author: Vimalin Rujivacharakul

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 866

View: 714


Chinese Architecture in an Age of Turmoil 200 600

Archives of the Chinese Art Society of America 4 (1950): 29–38. Rudolph,
Richard, and Wen Yu. Han Tomb Art of West China. Berkeley: University of
California Press, 1951. Rujivacharakul, Vimalin. “The Rise of Chinese
Architectural History: ...

Author: Nancy Shatzman Steinhardt

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 082483822X

Category: Art

Page: 496

View: 858

Between the fall of the Han dynasty in 220 CE and the year 600, more than thirty dynasties, kingdoms, and states rose and fell on the eastern side of the Asian continent. The founders and rulers of those polities represented the spectrum of peoples in North, East, and Central Asia. Nearly all of them built palaces, altars, temples, tombs, and cities, and almost without exception, the architecture was grounded in the building tradition of China. Illustrated with more than 475 color and black-and-white photographs, maps, and drawings, Chinese Architecture in an Age of Turmoil uses all available evidence—Chinese texts, secondary literature in six languages, excavation reports, and most important, physical remains—to present the architectural history of this tumultuous period in China’s history. Its author, Nancy Shatzman Steinhardt, arguably North America’s leading scholar of premodern Chinese architecture, has done field research at nearly every site mentioned, many of which were unknown twenty years ago and have never been described in a Western language. The physical remains are a handful of pagodas, dozens of cave-temples, thousands of tombs, small-scale evidence of architecture such as sarcophaguses, and countless representations of buildings in paint and relief sculpture. Together they narrate an expansive architectural history that offers the first in-depth study of the development, century-by-century, of Chinese architecture of third through the sixth centuries, plus a view of important buildings from the two hundred years before the third century and the resolution of architecture of this period in later construction. The subtext of this history is an examination of Chinese architecture that answers fundamental questions such as: What was achieved by a building system of standardized components? Why has this building tradition of perishable materials endured so long in China? Why did it have so much appeal to non-Chinese empire builders? Does contemporary architecture of Korea and Japan enhance our understanding of Chinese construction? How much of a role did Buddhism play in construction during the period under study? In answering these questions, the book focuses on the relation between cities and monuments and their heroic or powerful patrons, among them Cao Cao, Shi Hu, Empress Dowager Hu, Gao Huan, and lesser-known individuals. Specific and uniquely Chinese aspects of architecture are explained. The relevance of sweeping—and sometimes uncomfortable—concepts relevant to the Chinese architectural tradition such as colonialism, diffusionism, and the role of historical memory also resonate though the book.

The Politics of Making

Zou Denong, Zhongguo Xiano'ai Jianzhushi (A History of Modern Chinese
Architectural. Tianjin: Tianjin Kexuejishu Chubanshe, 2001, especially pp. 704—
5. Liang Sicheng, 'Jianzhu yishuzhong shehuizhuvi xianshizhuyi he minzu
yichan de ...

Author: Mark Swenarton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134709382

Category: Architecture

Page: 290

View: 438

A unique collection of contemporary writings, this book explores the politics involved in the making and experiencing of architecture and cities from a cross-cultural and global perspective Taking a broad view of the word ‘politics’, the essays address a range of questions, including: What is the relationship between politics and the making of space? What role has theory played in reinforcing or resisting political power? What are the political difficulties associated with working relationships? Do the products of our making construct our identity or liberate us? A timely volume, focusing on an interdisciplinary debate on the politics of making, this is valuable reading for all students, professionals and academics interested or working in architectural theory.

Chinese Architecture and Metaphor

Unlike previous scholarship, which has reviewed this imperially commissioned architectural manual largely as a technical work, this volume considers the Yingzao fashi’s unique literary value and explores the rich cultural implications in ...

Author: Jiren Feng

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 0824861167

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 356

Investigating the historical tradition of Chinese architectural writing from antiquity to the twelfth century, Chinese Architecture and Metaphor reveals significant and fascinating social and cultural phenomena in the most important primary text for the study of the Chinese building tradition. Unlike previous scholarship, which has reviewed this imperially commissioned architectural manual largely as a technical work, this volume considers the Yingzao fashi’s unique literary value and explores the rich cultural implications in and behind its technical content. Utilizing a philological approach, the author pays particular attention to the traditional and contemporary architectural terminology presented in the Yingzao fashi. In examining the semantic meaning of the architectural terms used in the manual, he uncovers a systematic architectural metaphor wherein bracketing elements are likened to flowers, flowering branches, and foliage: Thus pillars with bracketing above are compared to blossoming trees. More importantly, this intriguing imagery was shared by different social groups, in particular craftsmen and literati, and craftsmen themselves employed literary knowledge in naming architectural elements. Relating these phenomena to the unprecedented flourishing of literature, the literati’s greater admiration of technical knowledge, and the higher intellectual capacity of craftsmen during the Song, Architecture and Metaphor demonstrates how the learned and “unlearned” cultures entangled in the construction of architectural knowledge in premodern China. It convincingly shows that technical language served as a faithful carrier of contemporary popular culture and aesthetic concepts. Chinese Architecture and Metaphor demonstrates a high level of engagement with a broad spectrum of sophisticated Chinese sources. It will become a classic work for all students and scholars of East Asian architecture.

Architecture s Historical Turn

Phenomenology and the Rise of the Postmodern Jorge Otero-Pailos ... He was
looking for a way to critique art history's monopoly over architectural history in
order to establish the academic value of ... Quoting from a Finnish-born historian
specializing in Chinese architecture, he wrote: “The aim was to give expression
to ...

Author: Jorge Otero-Pailos

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 1452942692

Category: Architecture

Page: 356

View: 331

Architecture’s Historical Turn traces the hidden history of architectural phenomenology, a movement that reflected a key turning point in the early phases of postmodernism and a legitimating source for those architects who first dared to confront history as an intellectual problem and not merely as a stylistic question. Jorge Otero-Pailos shows how architectural phenomenology radically transformed how architects engaged, theorized, and produced history. In the first critical intellectual account of the movement, Otero-Pailos discusses the contributions of leading members, including Jean Labatut, Charles Moore, Christian Norberg-Schulz, and Kenneth Frampton. For architects maturing after World War II, Otero-Pailos contends, architectural history was a problem rather than a given. Paradoxically, their awareness of modernism’s historicity led some of them to search for an ahistorical experiential constant that might underpin all architectural expression. They drew from phenomenology, exploring the work of Bachelard, Merleau-Ponty, Heidegger, and Ricoeur, which they translated for architectural audiences. Initially, the concept that experience could be a timeless architectural language provided a unifying intellectual basis for the stylistic pluralism that characterized postmodernism. It helped give theory—especially the theory of architectural history—a new importance over practice. However, as Otero-Pailos makes clear, architectural phenomenologists could not accept the idea of theory as an end in itself. In the mid-1980s they were caught in the contradictory and untenable position of having to formulate their own demotion of theory. Otero-Pailos reveals how, ultimately, the rise of architectural phenomenology played a crucial double role in the rise of postmodernism, creating the antimodern specter of a historical consciousness and offering the modern notion of essential experience as the means to defeat it.

Architecture of Modern China

9 See Marie-Claire Bergère, The Golden Age of the Chinese 19 21 22 23 24 25
Bourgeoisie 1911–1937, trans. ... jiaoyu defazhan' (Disciplines transplanted from
abroad: the emergence of architects and architectural education in early modern
China), in Lai Delin, Zhongguo JindaiJianzhu Shi Yanjiu: Studies in Modern
Chinese Architectural History, Beijing: Qinghua Daxue Chubanshe, 2007, pp.
115–80 ...

Author: Jianfei Zhu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134720394

Category: Architecture

Page: 336

View: 194

A collection of essays on architecture of modern China, arranged chronologically covering a period from 1729 to 2008, focusing mainly on the twentieth century. The distinctive feature of this book is a blending of ‘critical’ and ‘historical’ research, taking a long-range perspective transcending the current scene and the Maoist period. This is a short, elegant book that condenses the wide subject matter into key topics.

Hong Kong Architecture 1945 2015

This book focuses on the transformation from colonial to global – the formation, mechanism, events, works and people related to urban architecture.

Author: Charlie Q. L. Xue

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811010048

Category: Architecture

Page: 337

View: 683

This book focuses on the transformation from colonial to global – the formation, mechanism, events, works and people related to urban architecture. The book reveals hardships the city encountered in the 1950s and the glamour enjoyed in the 1980s. It depicts the public and private developments, and especially the public housing which has sheltered millions of residents. The author identifies the architects practising in the formative years and the representatives of a rising generation after the 1980s. Suffering from land shortage and a dense environment, the urban development of Hong Kong has in the past 70 years met the changing demands of fluctuating economic activities and a rising population. Architecture on the island has been shaped by social demands, the economy and technology. The buildings have been forged by the government, clients, planners, architects, many contractors and end-users. The built environment nurtures our life and is visual evidence of the way the city has developed. Hong Kong is a key to East Asia in the Pacific Era. The book is a must-read for a thorough understanding the contemporary history and architecture of this oriental pearl. Endorsement: “Hong Kong sets an extreme example of hyper-density living. MTR’s Kowloon Station project offered my firm the unique opportunity to contribute to a new type of fully integrated three dimensional transport mega-structure, conceived as a well-connected place for people to live, work and play. Through Charlie Xue’s book, one can see how a compact city works and high density integrated development indicates a sustainable path for modern city making.” Sir Terry Farrell, CBE, Principal, Farrells "Well researched and refreshingly well structured, Charlie Xue's latest book comprehensively shows how Hong Kong's post-war urban architecture both tracks and symbolizes the former British colony's rise to success - a must read for architecture and culture buffs alike." Peter G. Rowe, Raymond Garbe Professor of Architecture and Urban Design, Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor. “An essential addition to the growing literature on Chinese architecture, the title of the book belies the full scope of Xue’s extensive history. Covering Hong Kong’s postwar transition from defeated colony to Pacific Age power house, Xue expertly traces the evolution of the city’s ambitious and innovative programs of integrated high density urban design and infrastructure, as well as changing architectural fashions. In a time when many Western governments have all but abandoned public housing programs, Xue’s book is a timely reminder of what can be achieved.” Professor Chris Abel, author of Architecture and Identity, Architecture, technology and process and The Extended Self.“/p>

The Literature of British Domestic Architecture 1715 1842

Also note his reference to " the Chinese unmeaning stile " in Select Architecture (
Entry 216 ) . 156 . As early as 1751 Robert Morris included designs in Chinese , “
Arabian , " Persian / Gothic , and “ Muscovite " styles in The Architectural ...

Author: John Archer

Publisher: Mit Press

ISBN:

Category: Architecture

Page: 1078

View: 722

While few historians would dispute the importance of the printed book in the development of domestic design in 18th- and 19th-century Britain, this is the first major study to trace the evolution of architectural ideas during the period by examining the literary output of architects. It is a work of extraordinary scholarship, based on an extensive search of dozens of major library collections, that will serve as a standard resource for researchers and librarians, book dealers and collectors. Most of the book is devoted to descriptions of hundreds of books and periodicals containing original designs for domestic structures. The earliest title described is Colen Campbell's Vitruvius Britannicus (1715), an important Palladian manifesto and the first book to illustrate a series of the author's own executed designs for dwellings, intended to redirect and reform British architectural taste, and the latest title is Supplement (1842) to John Claudius Loudon's Encyclopedia. Related materials on agriculture, landscape design, drawing, and perspective also are covered. Each entry includes a bibliographic description of all known editions and a commentary that describes and analyzes the text and plates, focusing in particular on the author's ideas and approaches to design issues. Appendixes to the principal entries provide a checklist of additional handbooks and manuals by important authors such as Crunden, Halfpenny, Langley, Nicholson, Pain, Richardson, Salmon, and Swan, and books showing domestic interiors. There is also a valuable short-title chronological list, and a list of printers, publishers, and booksellers. In a lengthy introductory essay, Archer discusses architecture and the book trade, the format and content of the books, and aspects of architectural theory and design-including ideas of "character" and "retirement," dwelling types such as villas, cottages, and row houses, model housing for laborers, and town and village planning. John Archer is Associate Professor in the Humanities Program at the University of Minnesota.

Liang and Lin

Wilma Fairbank documents, from both a historical and a uniquely personal perspective, the professional and personal achievements of Lin Whei-yin and Liang Sicheng.

Author: Wilma Fairbank

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812220404

Category: Architecture

Page: 256

View: 763

Wilma Fairbank documents, from both a historical and a uniquely personal perspective, the professional and personal achievements of Lin Whei-yin and Liang Sicheng. Liang and Lin were born in early twentieth-century China, a time when the influences of modernism were slowly bearing down on the traditional culture. In the 1920s, they traveled together to the Beaux Arts universe of Philadelphia, where they both graduated with honors from the architecture department of the University of Pennsylvania. Married in 1928, they returned to their native land and became the first two professors at the newly founded school of architecture in Shenyang's Tung Pei University. Wilma Fairbank and her husband, John King Fairbank, Harvard University's eminent historian of modern China, were lifelong friends of Liang and Lin. This relationship allows the author, herself a noted researcher of art and architecture, to paint a vivid picture of the couple within the context of China's turbulent past. Fairbank recounts how Liang and Lin used their Western training to initiate the study of China's architectural evolution. She also documents—as seen through the eyes of Liang and Lin—the tragic events that ravaged the Chinese homeland and its people: the 1937 invasion and bombings by the Japanese military and the ensuing illness and poverty; World War II and the civil war; the rise to power of the Communist government in 1949; and the victimization of the scholar class during the Cultural Revolution of 1966-76. Fairbank provides a highly readable, emotionally charged personal account of the couple's lives, and the numerous and sometimes horrific torments and humiliations they suffered. And, finally, when it was all too late, the posthumous praise and recognition.

The Cumulative Book Index

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: American literature

Page:

View: 195

A world list of books in the English language.

Dissertation Abstracts International

ART HISTORY The rise of Chinese architectural history : Cross - cultural studies
and the making of modern knowledge . ... I argue that our contemporary
understanding of " Chinese architecture " and its history is the result of the three ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Dissertations, Academic

Page:

View: 697


From Dynastic Geography to Historical Geography

Given this ideological predisposition in China , scholars dealing with the history
of Chinese civilization , who must ... by the birth of modern Chinese archaeology
and by the growth of such fields as historical geography and architectural history
 ...

Author: Xiaofeng Tang

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: China

Page: 182

View: 750


AA Files

Following Pei , architects from China , from the region , and from overseas (
Ronald Poon , Tao Ho , Rocco Yim and C . Y . Lee ) ... Critical discourse on
design and theory ( such as the AA Asia Workshops in China under William Lim
and Wu Liangyong ) is also on the rise . ... de Damen : Zhongguo Yingzao
Xueshe Shilue ( Entering Luban ' s World : A Brief History of the Chinese
Architecture Research ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Architecture

Page:

View: 998


Progressive Architecture

The Architecture of the Roman Empire : An Urban Appraisal , W . MacDonald . ...
The Rise of the Gothic , W . Anderson . ... A Pictorial History of Chinese
Architecture : A Study of the Development of its Structural System and Evolution
of its ...

Author: Eugene Clute

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Architectural drawing

Page:

View: 456


AIA Journal

It contained In the 17th and 18th centuries in Euneither the associative qualities
of demo rope , a rise of interest in ancient Egypt ... The Egyptian forms first
appeared as ornament in much preoccupation with death and sepulchral the
same way Chinese and Gothic were ... For most of the past 40 years , the
standard litany of architectural history and the architectural profession has been
that eclecticism was ...

Author: American Institute of Architects

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Architecture

Page:

View: 355


The Rise of Cities

Alberti, Leone Battista, Ten Books on Architecture. London: Alec ... Austin, M. M.,
and P. Vidal-Naquet, eds., Economic and Social History of Ancient Greece. ...
Boyd, Andrew, Chinese Architecture and Town Planning 1500 B.C.-A.D. 1911.

Author: Time-Life Books

Publisher: Time Life Education

ISBN: 9780809464876

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 176

View: 316

Traces the development of urban life from Mesopotamia and China, through Greece and Rome, the Islamic world, and a reviving Europe, to the coming of industrialization and the vast cities of the twentieth century

Building in China

If China wants to prove that it's beyond the level of basic subsistence , then the
architecture must reflect this . ... But generally , we found the aesthetic criteria of
most high rise buildings to be tiresome , dated , and repetitive of the ... In this
manner , tremendous opportunity would exist to bring Chinese architecture to the
forefront in world design , and institute a renaissance in Chinese architectural
history .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Building

Page:

View: 653


The Hermeneutics of Sacred Architecture Hermeneutical calisthenics a morphology of ritual architectural priorities

The Rise of Architectural History. London: Architectural Press, 1980. Wheatley,
Paul. The Pivot of the Four Quarters: A Preliminary Enquiry into the Origins and
Character of the Ancient Chinese City. Chicago: Aldine, 1971. Wigley, Mark.

Author: Lindsay Jones

Publisher: Harvard Univ Ctr for the

ISBN: 9780945454243

Category: Architecture

Page: 498

View: 802

The two volumes of this investigation into how we perceive sacred architecture propose an original interpretation of built environments as ritual-architectural events. Exploring the world's cultures and religious traditions, Volume One maps out patterned responses to sacred architecture according to the human experience, mechanism, interpretation, and comparison of architecture. Volume Two, an exercise in comparative morphology, offers a comprehensive framework of ritual-architectural priorities by looking at architecture as orientation, as commemoration, and as ritual context.

The Hermeneutics of Sacred Architecture

The Rise of Architectural History . London : Architectural Press , 1980 . Wheatley ,
Paul . The Pivot of the Four Quarters : A Preliminary Enquiry into the Origins and
Character of the Ancient Chinese City . Chicago : Aldine , 1971 . Wigley , Mark .

Author: Lindsay Jones

Publisher: Harvard Univ Ctr for the

ISBN: 9780945454229

Category: Architecture

Page: 326

View: 824

The two volumes of this investigation into how we perceive sacred architecture propose an original interpretation of built environments as ritual-architectural events. Exploring the world's cultures and religious traditions, Volume One maps out patterned responses to sacred architecture according to the human experience, mechanism, interpretation, and comparison of architecture. Volume Two, an exercise in comparative morphology, offers a comprehensive framework of ritual-architectural priorities by looking at architecture as orientation, as commemoration, and as ritual context.

Architecture

... communicated by Manuel Vicente 10 W.S.H. Hung A Complete Course in the
Art of Chinese Calligraphy Hong Kong : Michael Stevenson ... 133 ) N.
Negroponte Soft Architecture Machines Cambridge , Mass : MIT Press , 1975 ( p .
... 15 ) D. Watkin The Rise of Architectural History London : Architectural Press ,
1980 ( p .

Author: Jerzy Wojtowicz

Publisher: St Martins Press

ISBN:

Category: Architecture

Page: 75

View: 647