The Solar Deities of Bronze Age Anatolia

This study provides a new approach to distinguishing the solar deities by combining diachronic and typological criteria with careful attention to the cultural milieu of the individual source texts.

Author: Charles W. Steitler

Publisher:

ISBN: 9783447107983

Category:

Page: 600

View: 589

Solar deities are some of the most significant and diverse figures of the pantheon revealed in the cuneiform tablets of the Hittites. Drawn from a wide range of Anatolian and Syro-Mesopotamian traditions, the Hittite solar deities include Sun-gods and -goddesses who display an array of differing attributes and represent both the celestial and chthonic spheres. Yet the relevant sources (for the most part written in Hittite, but also in other languages) do not necessarily distinguish these solar deities from one another by proper names or distinct logograms. Previous elucidations of the solar deities rested in many respects upon doubtful methodologies or tenuous axioms. This study provides a new approach to distinguishing the solar deities by combining diachronic and typological criteria with careful attention to the cultural milieu of the individual source texts. From this methodology emerges a functional description of the sub-types of solar deities as they relate to various Hittite cult practices, mythological traditions, the systematic conceptualization of the pantheon as well as the Hittite ideology of kingship. Separate treatments of Old and Middle Hittite texts highlight both innovation and continuity of the role of the solar deities in the history of Hittite religion. A model is proposed as to how the solar deities came to co-exist in the religion of one of the major Bronze Age civilizations of the Near East. Furthermore, by considering all text genres from the early Hittite kingdom, this monograph serves as a useful synthetic compendium of sources both of the Hittite solar deities and of the formative period of Hittite religion in general.

Economy of Religions in Anatolia and Northern Syria

Steitler, Charles W.: 2017 The Solar Deities of Bronze Age Anatolia. Studies in
Texts of the Early Hittite Kingdom, Wiesbaden (= StBoT 62). Taracha, Piotr: 2009
Religions of Second Millennium Anatolia, Wiesbaden (= DBH 27). 2014 (ed.): ...

Author: Manfred Hutter

Publisher: ISD LLC

ISBN: 3868353151

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 205

View: 489

"Religions" are always costly - one has to give offerings (with material value) to the gods, one has to provide the salary for religious specialists who offer their service for their clients, one has to arrange festivals and liturgies - and of course, one has to provide the material means for building temples or shrines. But these costs also repay - as the gods give health or well-being as reward for the offerings. Even if one can never be absolutely certain about such a reward, one at least might earn social reputation because of one's (financial) involvement in religion. But temples are also economic centres - "employing" (often in close relation to the palace) people as workers, craftsmen or "intellectuals" in different positions whose "costs of living" are supplied by the temple. Individual religious specialists receive payment for their service to cover their own costs of living. Although this might sound "modern", religion and economy were intertwined with each other in ancient society also. For this reason, the papers of this conference volume analyse and discuss how the cults, rituals and institutions in Anatolia in the 2nd and 1st millennium contribute to the economic process in those areas.

Hittite Local Cults

and Palaic retained PIE *dyéwot- to denote the Sun god (as Tiwad and Tiyad
respectively), the corresponding derivation in ... See Steitler 2017 for a detailed
study of the solar deities of Bronze Age Anatolia, with a thorough discussion of
the ...

Author: Michele Cammarosano

Publisher: SBL Press

ISBN: 0884143147

Category: Religion

Page: 538

View: 893

An innovative translation and analysis of Hittite local festivals and of their economic and social dimensions for students and scholars This English translation of the Hittite cult inventories provides a vivid portrait of the religion, economy, and administration of Bronze Age provincial towns and villages of the Hittite Empire. These texts report the state of local shrines and festivals and document the interplay between the central power and provincial communities on religious affairs. Brief introductions to each text make the volume accessible to students and scholars alike. Features: Critical editions of Hittite cult inventories, some of which are edited for the first time, with substantial improvements in readings and interpretations The first systematic study of the linguistic aspects of Hittite administrative jargon An up-to-date study of Hittite cult images and iconography of the gods Michele Cammarosano currently leads a Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft-funded project on Hittite cultic administration at Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg. His research interests focus on cuneiform palaeography and Hittite religion.

Anatolian Verbal Stem Formation

The Solar Deities of Bronze Age Anatolia. Studies in Texts of the Early Hittite
Kingdom.Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. Strunk, Klaus. 1967. Nasalpräsentien und
Aoriste. Ein Beitrag zur Morphologie des VerbumsimIndo-Iranischenund
Griechischen ...

Author: David Sasseville

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004436294

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 640

View: 716

In Anatolian Verbal Stem Formation, David Sasseville provides a full analysis of the Luwian, Lycian and Lydian verbal stem classes and their pre-history in relation to Hittite.

The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Mediterranean Religions

Here the discussion will be limited to the period of the Late Bronze Age, when
Anatolia was largely under the control of the ... some as early representations of
the tutelary, storm, and solar deities that dominate the pantheon of the Hittite
period.

Author: Barbette Stanley Spaeth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521113962

Category: History

Page: 364

View: 152

Provides an introduction to the major religions of the ancient Mediterranean and explores current research regarding the similarities and differences among them.

The Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Ages in the Near East and Anatolia

Leopards and birds, on the other hand, are associated with the “Great Goddess”,
the supreme deity of Anatolia. ... of these “standards” as sun discs seems far-
fetched and is not supported by any other evidence from Early Bronze Age
Anatolia.

Author: James Mellaart

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 192


The Later Prehistory of Anatolia

The Late Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age Jak Yakar. CHAPTER XIII :
RELIGION no Ancient cults , religious beliefs and rituals in preliterate Anatolia
are subjects which have been largely avoided by most scholars as being ... It is
rather clear from these references that in local shrines the deity was usually
represented either by a symbol or by а stela . ... The sun - discs , bull 417
CHAPTER XIII: RELIGION.

Author: Jak Yakar

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Bronze age

Page: 467

View: 401


Egyptian Iconography on Syro Palestinian Cylinder Seals of the Middle Bronze Age

Author: Beatrice Teissier

Publisher: Saint-Paul

ISBN: 9783525538920

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 947


Anatolian Civilizations and Historical Sites

... silver statuette of a naked woman found in Hasanoğlan is one of the most
beautiful examples of the First Bronze Age . ... during religious rituals , and were
also used as the symbols of the animalformed gods in the middle of the solar
discs .

Author: İlhan Akşit

Publisher:

ISBN: 9789751734020

Category: Historic sites

Page: 262

View: 948


The Anatolian Civilisations Prehistoric

A selection of painted pottery from Norşuntepe , belonging to the last phase of the
Early Bronze Age has been included in the exhibition ( A . 188 - A192 ) . ... The
surprising similarity of female hair styles in Eastern , Central and Western
Anatolia illustrates the cultural communication ... 213 - A . 219 ) , bull and deer
statuettes as sacred animals of the gods ( A . 207 - A . 209 ) , golden earplugs ( A
. 212 ) spindle whorls ... One holds that these reliefs represent the sun god and
the consort .

Author: Ferit Edgü

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Art

Page:

View: 307


The Anatolian Civilisations Prehistoric

A selection of painted pottery from Norşuntepe , belonging to the last phase of the
Early Bronze Age has been included in the exhibition ( A.188 - A 192 ) . ... The
surprising similarity of female hair styles in Eastern , Central and Western
Anatolia illustrates the cultural ... A.222 ) , choice jewellery of precious stones and
metal ( A.213 - A.219 ) , bull and deer statuettes as sacred animals of the gods ( A
.207 - A.209 ) ... One holds that these reliefs represent the sun god and the
consort .

Author:

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ISBN:

Category: Art

Page:

View: 397


The Art of the Hittites

The Sun - Goddess originating in the Hattian period of the third millennium and
the Hurrian Hepat are the younger types of the Stone Age Mother of the Gods of
the newly discovered prehistoric cultures in Anatolia . Kupaba of the late Hittite ...

Author: Ekrem Akurgal

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Art, Hittite

Page: 315

View: 622

Describes the art, society, language, and religion in the five periods of Hittite history.

Ethnoarchaeology of Anatolia

The homogenous character of the Middle Bronze Age regional material culture
records in Anatolia demonstrates that ... the third deity , the Sun - God Tiyat ,
bears a name sounding like the Luwian deity Tiwat ( Houwink ten Cate 1995 :
265 ) .

Author: Jak Yakar

Publisher: Inst of Archaeology

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 531

View: 449


Anatolia and the Ancient Near East

That such a child was an agrarian deity would also be no surprise . In the Aegean
world of the Bronze Age which many have thought shared religious ideas as well
as a pre - Greek language with south and western Anatolia , " s several ...

Author: Kutlu Emre

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Akkadian language

Page: 525

View: 956


Symbols of Power

Comparatively few anthropomorphic representations , besides those of deities ,
are found in the extant corpus of Bronze Age Anatolian art . It may be that there
was less of a tendency for human representation in Anatolia than in neighboring
 ...

Author: Stephen Paul Lumsden

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Inscriptions, Hittite

Page: 672

View: 323


Anatolian Studies

Parallels for figures standing on animals are widespread , both in Anatolia 4 and
in Assyria , particularly at Maltai , 5 and everywhere it is a god that is so
represented . ... The two outstanding features of the head - dress ( a crown or
helmet presumably of metal ) are the solar emblem forming its ... The theme
occurs on seals of the late Bronze Age : e . g . ... The Golden Garments of the
Gods " , in JNES .

Author:

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Category: Middle East

Page:

View: 493


The Hattian and Hittite Civilizations

The Principal Goddess The custom of worshipping a female deity was
widespread in Anatolia already in the New Stone Age . In fact in that period the
chief deity was a goddess . We see that the same belief continues in later periods
.

Author: Ekrem Akurgal

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Civilization, Ancient

Page: 300

View: 245


The Journal of Hellenic Studies

... especially 609 , Mycenaean cult idols at Ugarit , and 621 , Asian shrines at
Mycenae and Phylakopi ; for various connections between Bronze Age Anatolia
and the Aegean , see my ' Greek Athena and the Hittite Sungoddess of Arinna ' (
n .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Greece

Page:

View: 164


Pakistan Economist

SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT Anatolia, the name given to (he Turkish heartland of
Asia Minor, means “the land of the rising sun'. ... 8,000 years to the neolothic city
of Catal Hoyuk, with its vigorous style of art reflected in the bull and mother
goddess cult figures. ... Wih the coming of the Bronze Age, Anatolian metal
workers achieved wonderful finesse as the sun discs and stag cult figures of
Alaca Hoyuk testify.

Author:

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Category: Pakistan

Page:

View: 916


NewSpot

With the advent of Excerpt from the Introduction to the Cataloque of the " Woman
in Anatolia , the Bronze Age , at the 9000 ... The mother goddess was now
associated with the sun , as we can see from finds at Kültepe , where the sun
goddess ...

Author:

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ISBN:

Category:

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View: 425