The United Nations Motorcycle Helmet Study

In examining the relationship of income growth and national motorcycle fleet expansion, this study argues the socio-economic case for introduction of helmet regulations and their enforcement by delivering a benefit-cost analysis of taking ...

Author: United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

Publisher: United Nations

ISBN: 9210577884

Category: Political Science

Page: 82

View: 384

This study examines issues, progress and challenges in efforts to improve the safety and wellbeing of motorcycle riders through the use of approved motorcycle helmets. The growth in motorcycles is accompanied by an increase in serious and fatal accidents. Evidence shows that once internationally harmonized helmet regulations, such as the UN Regulation No. 22 type-approval system for helmets, are in place and laws on helmet wearing are enforced, these trends tend to reverse. In examining the relationship of income growth and national motorcycle fleet expansion, this study argues the socio-economic case for introduction of helmet regulations and their enforcement by delivering a benefit-cost analysis of taking such legislative actions.

Millions Saved

... Decade of Action for Road Safety,77 and a 2014 United Nations General
Assembly resolution, “Improving Global Road Safety,” asks ... ADB and ASEAN (
Association of Southeast Asian Nations). ... Developing an Integrated Campaign
to Address Child Helmet Use in Vietnam: A Case Study. ... “Vietnam Shows Effect
of Motorcycle Helmets: Injuries Dropped up to 30% after Their Use Became

Author: Amanda Glassman

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 1933286938

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 591

Over the past fifteen years, people in low- and middle-income countries have experienced a health revolution—one that has created new opportunities and brought new challenges. It is a revolution that keeps mothers and babies alive, helps children grow, and enables adults to thrive. Millions Saved: New Cases of Proven Success in Global Health chronicles the global health revolution from the ground up, showcasing twenty-two local, national, and regional health programs that have been part of this global change. The book profiles eighteen remarkable cases in which large-scale efforts to improve health in low- and middle-income countries succeeded, and four examples of promising interventions that fell short of their health targets when scaled-up in real world conditions. Each case demonstrates how much effort—and sometimes luck—is required to fight illness and sustain good health. The cases are grouped into four main categories, reflecting the diversity of strategies to improve population health in low-and middle-income countries: rolling out medicines and technologies; expanding access to health services; targeting cash transfers to improve health; and promoting population-wide behavior change to decrease risk. The programs covered also come from various regions around the world: seven from sub-Saharan Africa, six from Latin America and the Caribbean, five from East and Southeast Asia, and four from South Asia.

Polymer Foams Handbook

Pollitt J.M. (1982), Motorcyclists protective helmets, in Head Protection – The
State of the Art, Eds. Pedder J.B. and Mills N.J., University ... the approval of
protective helmets and of their visors for drivers and passengers of motor cycles
and mopeds, United Nations, Geneva. ... Yettram A.L., Godfrey N.P.M. & Chinn
B.P. (1994) Materials for motorcycle crash helmets – a finite element parametric
study, Plast.

Author: Nigel Mills

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9780080475448

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 562

View: 979

This handbook explores the applications of polymer foams, and the properties that make them suitable for so many applications, in the detail required by postgraduate students, researchers and the many industrial engineers and designers who work with polymer foam in industry. It covers the mechanical properties of foams and foam microstructure, processing of foams, mechanical testing and analysis (using Finite element analysis). In addition, it uniquely offers a broader perspective on the actual engineering of foams and foam based (or foam including) products by including nine detailed case studies which firmly plant the theory of the book in a real world context, making it ideal for both polymer engineers and chemists and mechanical engineers and product designers. * Complete coverage of the mechanical and design aspects of polymer foams from an acknowledged international expert: no other book is available with this breadth making this a plastics engineer's first choice for a single volume Handbook * Polymer foams are ubiquitous in modern life, used everywhere from running shoes to furniture, and this book includes nine extensive case studies covering each key class of application, including biomechanics * Offers a rigorous mechanical and microstructure perspective, plus a computer based chapter: Essential for engineers and designers alike.

Strengthening Road Safety Legislation

Geneva, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, 2002 (http://www. wp29regs21-40.html, accessed ... The use of non-
standard motorcycle helmets in low-and middleincome countries: a multicentre

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241505109

Category: Law

Page: 88

View: 421

This manual describes methods and resources for practitioners and decision-makers to use for enacting new laws or regulations or amending existing ones as part of a comprehensive road safety strategy. The manual covers steps to be taken to address five main risk factors and post-crash care. It can therefore be used to: * develop an understanding of the framework of legislation and relevant processes that are applicable in a country * review current national legislation and regulations and identify gaps that hinder implementation and enforcement of effective road safety measures * identify available resources, including international agreements, evidence-based guidance and recommendations on effective measures, to improve legislation * prepare action plans to strengthen national legislation and regulations for the five main risk factors and for post-crash care, including advocating for improvement. Other important topics should also be addressed to achieve a comprehensive national system of road safety legislation and regulation; however, they are beyond the scope of this manual. They include: vehicle and helmet manufacturing standards and testing, third-party insurance, victim's rights and compensation, a graduated driver licensing system, road audits and design standards and driving hours for commercial drivers.

Essentials of Global Health

... traffic accidents, by region, low- and middle-income countries, 236, 237t case
studies motorcycle helmet use in Taiwan, ... 241 risk factors for, 236–237
vignettes, 233 United Kingdom (UK), healthcare system, 76, 77 United Nations
Agencies, ...

Author: Richard Skolnik

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 0763734217

Category: Medical

Page: 322

View: 281

From the Publisher: Essentials of Global Health is just one offering in Jones and Bartlett's new Essential Public Health series. The book is a clear, concise, and user-friendly introduction to the most critical issues in global health. It illustrates key themes with an extensive set of case studies, examples, and the latest evidence. While the book offers a global perspective, particular attention is given to the health-development link, to developing countries, and to the health needs of poor and disadvantaged people. This introductory level textbook is perfect for undergraduate students and others new to the field of public health or global health. It is based on and designed for a one-semester global health course.

A Report to the Congress on the Effect of Motorcycle Helmet Use Law Repeal

A Case for Helmet Use United States. National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration. Also in Section III , prior studies relating to the issue of whether or
not helmets cause neck injuries were reviewed . ... nation and because of the
long - term medical and rehabilitative costs which must be born by society as a
whole when ...

Author: United States. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration



Category: Government publications

Page: 150

View: 923

Highway Research Abstracts

Using archival and ethnographic evidence , examination is made of the
sociocultural context of motor vehicle use , roaduser behavior , and RTA
occurrence on Niue Island , a nation with a high degree of motorization .
Motorcycles are the ...




Category: Highway engineering


View: 753

Management Development in East West Joint Ventures

A Guide for Managers in the Economics in Transition International Labour
Organisation, United Nations. Economic Commission for ... CASE - STUDY No.2 :
POLOTSK The small Italian firm AGV began in 1946 by manufacturing saddles
for bicycles , and in 1947 , became the world's first motorcycle helmet producer .
Today , Italian ...

Author: International Labour Organisation

Publisher: New York : United Nations


Category: Europe

Page: 128

View: 546

Impact Head Injury

Philippens M . , J . J . Nieboer and J . Wismans , TNO Road - Vehicles Research
Institute " An Advanced Database of the 50th ... Gilchrist , A . and N . J . Mills , "
Deformation analysis for motorcycle helmets " , IRCOBI conference , Eindhoven ,
The Netherlands , 1993 , pp 269 - 281 . 14 . ... United Nations , " Regulation No .

Author: North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development. Aerospace Medical Panel. Specialists' Meeting



Category: Crash injuries

Page: 248

View: 276

World Transport Research

Proceedings of 7th World Conference on Transport Research David A. Hensher,
Jenny King, Tae Hoon Oum ... signals • counterclockwise travel at roundabouts
lane discipline motorcycle helmets The need to select among these programs ...
Funding for the Study was provided by the United Nations Development Program

Author: David A. Hensher

Publisher: Pergamon Press

ISBN: 9780080427782

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 434

View: 732

Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Although children are not exempt from helmet legislation , only an estimated 18
% of primary school children currently wear helmets in Viet Nam , where the
motorcycle is the main mode of transport for millions of families . ... The United
Nations Road Safety Collaboration has developed a global plan to guide
governments , international agencies , civil ... was supported by the Royal Society
of study published in the March issue of Medicine , the Royal Society of Tropical
the Journal of ...

Author: World Health Organization



Category: Medicine


View: 577

Journal of the House of Representatives of the United States

Continued State, Secretary of—Continued ... U.N. Participation Act, passport
authorities, Foreign Service Act, annend (No. 3913) ... Motorcycle helmet study (

Author: United States. Congress. House



Category: Legislation


View: 683

Some vols. include supplemental journals of "such proceedings of the sessions, as, during the time they were depending, were ordered to be kept secret, and respecting which the injunction of secrecy was afterwards taken off by the order of the House".

Congressional Record

Author: United States. Congress



Category: Law


View: 551

The Congressional Record is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress. It is published daily when Congress is in session. The Congressional Record began publication in 1873. Debates for sessions prior to 1873 are recorded in The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States (1789-1824), the Register of Debates in Congress (1824-1837), and the Congressional Globe (1833-1873)

Elementary Statistics

The results showed that 67% of those who called were in favor of moving the
United Nations headquarters out of the United States. ... Campus Crime In a
study of college campus crimes committed by students high on alcohol or drugs,
a mail survey of 1875 students was ... Motorcycle Helmets The Hawaii State
Senate held hearings when it was considering a law requiring that motorcyclists
wear helmets.

Author: Mario F. Triola

Publisher: Longman Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780201614800

Category: Education

Page: 832

View: 671

Addison-Wesley is proud to celebrate the Tenth Edition of Elementary Statistics.& This text is highly regarded because of its engaging and understandable introduction to statistics. The&author's commitment to providing student-friendly guidance through the material and giving students opportunities to apply their newly learned skills in a real-world context has made Elementary Statistics the #1 best-seller in the market.

Journal of the Senate

United Nations trade points research and development activities and Minnesota
Internet center trade point ... D.H .; Pappas ; Pogemiller ) Motorcycle helmet use
evidence inadmissibility ( Langseth ; Laidig ; Hanson ; Murphy ) Omnibus ...

Author: Minnesota. Legislature. Senate



Category: Minnesota


View: 534

Journal for the extra session, 1933/34, was issued with House Journal for that session; spine title: Journals Senate and House.

Neurological Research

From this study we can see that helmet use not only reduced the incidence of TBI
, but also decreased the severity of TBI and improved the outcome . ... Based on
these results , if we extend the enforcement to the whole nation and expect 80 %
of motorcyclists to wear helmets , more than 1,200 people can be saved ... In
1966 the United States government passed a helmet use law for motorcycle
riders .




Category: Neurology


View: 709

Retail Clerks Advocate

One study found 20 per cent of the injured persons were riding the motorcycle for
the first or second time , while 70 per cent had either rented or borrowed the
motorcycle . The study also urged the wearing of safety helmets as the most
effective device presently available for reducing the ... WORLD POPULATION in
mid - 1965 was 3.2 billion , according to the latest figures supplied by the United
Nations .




Category: Clerks


View: 989

Performance Requirements for Motorcyclist Helmets

In the United States , the use of helmets as a means of protecting the head from
injury in the event of accidents was first introduced in conjunction ... the wearing
of suitable crash helmets , there exists only partial compliance and a lack of
uniformity throughout the nation . ... The primary objectives of the study were :
Analyze accident reports and available motorcycle accident research to
determine types of ...

Author: Harold Lunenfeld



Category: Motorcyclists

Page: 258

View: 451

International Technical Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles Seventh Report

Numbered among the studies carried out directly by the Administration are: •
performance and driving quality tests on ... Systems, spread of radios; •
perception of acoustical signals by motorcyclists and automobilists wearing crash
helmets. ... Besides in the fight against noise, the Italian Administration is
collaborating closely in the area of environmental protection with UNEP (United
Nations Organization ...





Page: 986

View: 464

Medical Conditions Affecting Drivers

In 1962 , there were about 660,000 motorcycles in the nation , and in 1981 there
were about 6 million . ... In a study involving four states , motorcycle helmets were
associated with a 65 % reduction in injuries to the head , face and neck and ...

Author: Theodore C. Doege



Category: Automobile drivers

Page: 86

View: 409