Theoretical Approaches in Psychology

Especially written for those students new to higher-level study, whether at school, college or university, the books include the following designed features to help with technique: Practice essays with specialist commentary to show how to ...

Author: Matt Jarvis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134655177

Category: Psychology

Page: 224

View: 372

Psychologists use a range of principles and theories, all of which view the person and the study of the person in very different ways. Theoretical Approaches in Psychology introduces and outlines the six main approaches and considers how each has helped psychologists understand human behaviour, thought and feeling. The Routledge Modular Psychology series is a completely new approach to introductory level psychology, tailor-made for the new modular style of teaching. Each book covers a topic in more detail than any large textbook can, allowing teacher and student to select material exactly to suit any particular course or project. Especially written for those students new to higher-level study, whether at school, college or university, the books include the following designed features to help with technique: Practice essays with specialist commentary to show how to achieve a higher grade Chapter summaries and summaries of key research Glossary and further reading Progress and review exercises.

Psychology Theoretical Approaches and Application in Practice

There are six major perspectives in psychology which are also referred to as models or approaches.

Author: Theresa Lowry-Lehnen

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781512359114

Category:

Page: 246

View: 618

There are six major perspectives in psychology which are also referred to as models or approaches. Each approach involves assumptions about human behaviour and psychological functioning. The major perspectives are the Psychodynamic, Behavioural, Cognitive, Humanistic, Biological and Socio-cultural approaches or models. There may be different theories within each approach, but they all share some common assumptions. Given the complexity of human behaviour and experience, it is not surprising that psychology has multiple pathways for approaching its subject matter. Most psychologists agree that no one perspective is fully able to explain human behaviour as each has its strengths and limitations and most disorders result from a combination of factors. Each approach has something unique to offer to our understanding of human behaviour but none offers a complete view. A contemporary holistic view however, is the Bio-psychosocial approach which assumes that biological, psychological and socio-cultural factors all combine and interact to produce psychological disorders. An eclectic approach to understanding and treating human behaviour, one which draws and blends from theories, principles and therapies across the different perspectives is now used by many psychologists, practitioners and therapists.Chapter one discusses the main theoretical perspectives, while the following chapters provide an understanding of the discipline of psychology in applied settings, discussing the theory, research and practice of clinical, forensic, organisational, educational and health psychology and the theories of human growth and development.

Theoretical Approaches to Multi Cultural Positive Psychological Interventions

This volume provides theoretical perspectives on and approaches to the development or enhancement of positive psychological capacities within various multi-cultural professional and organizational contexts.

Author: Llewellyn Ellardus Van Zyl

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030205835

Category: Psychology

Page: 544

View: 134

This volume provides theoretical perspectives on and approaches to the development or enhancement of positive psychological capacities within various multi-cultural professional and organizational contexts. Specifically, it presents theoretical frameworks for the identification, development and optimization of positive psychological capacities through a contemporary, multi-cultural and multi-disciplinary lens. In recent years, the applicability of positive psychological intervention (PPI) techniques has transposed the boundaries of clinical practice into a wide array of complementary domains such as law, education, business and even design sciences such as architecture. These interventions target the enhancement of positive psychological capacities (e.g. strength-identification and use; high-performance learning; appreciative design; job-crafting) in order to not only improve individual functioning, well-being and the treatment of various forms of psychopathology but also to enhance team functioning/performance, organizational growth and community development. Despite its importance, very little research has been done on the design of PPIs applicable to multi-cultural contexts. The contributions to this volume provide insights into this hitherto neglected area of research.

Perspectives in Psychology

This second edition of this popular text is designed to meet the needs of teachers and students following new A and AS level Psychology syllabuses on either modular or terminal routes, as well as those on introductory psychology courses at ...

Author: Alison Wadeley

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1349142735

Category: Psychology

Page: 256

View: 702

This second edition of this popular text is designed to meet the needs of teachers and students following new A and AS level Psychology syllabuses on either modular or terminal routes, as well as those on introductory psychology courses at degree level. This extensively revised and updated edition covers: * major orientations in psychology and philosophical issues in psychology: including free-will and determinism and reductionism * psychology and science biases in psychological theory and research, including advertising, propaganda, warfare and psychometric testing * ethics in psychological research and practice * ethics in socially sensitive research Key concepts are clearly flagged and learning objectives are included in each chapter.

Explanation

The merits of this book are first and foremost the combination of theory and practice, then the unique presentation of a philosophical dialogue between prominent authors in the field: Peter Lipton and Wesley C. Salmon, who present in a ...

Author: Giora Hon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402000171

Category: Philosophy

Page: 332

View: 628

The merits of this book are first and foremost the combination of theory and practice, then the unique presentation of a philosophical dialogue between prominent authors in the field: Peter Lipton and Wesley C. Salmon, who present in a conciliatory spirit opposing views of explanation. Finally the book features an interdisciplinary account of the application of explanation in philosophy, philosophy of science, psychology, perception, cognition, social sciences, political science, and aesthetics. There is currently a great interest in this kind of interdisciplinary collection of papers, not only among students and researchers of philosophy of science, but also among psychologists and social scientists. The interdisciplinary character of the book will attract readers from various fields of research. Practicing scientists and students who are interested in a particular field of study, will also find in this book insightful theoretical analyses of explanation. The aim of the book is to shed light on the very concept of explanation and to examine its application in diverse settings.

Computer Models of Mind

This book shows how computer models are used to study many psychological phenomena - including vision, language, reasoning, and learning.

Author: Margaret A. Boden

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521270335

Category: Medical

Page: 289

View: 908

This book shows how computer models are used to study many psychological phenomena - including vision, language, reasoning, and learning.

Political Psychology

Author: Howard Lavine

Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited

ISBN: 9781848607095

Category: Political Science

Page: 1656

View: 293

Political psychology is an interdisciplinary field in which psychological concepts and methods are used to test theories about elite and mass political behavior. The field draws on a diverse set of disciplinary sources, including anthropology, neuroscience, history, behavioral genetics, psychoanalysis, as well as all branches of psychology. This collection brings together this diverse body of work, organizing it and distilling it into a single vital reference source. Its aim is to provide a definitive set of classic and contemporary readings representing all theoretical, methodological and epistemological approaches to the study of the political psychology, as well as to provide extensive coverage of the myriad areas of political behavior from a psychological perspective.

Therapeutic Approaches in Psychology

Therapeutic Approaches in Psychology is a simple introduction to the many psychological therapies in use today, including cognitive-behavioural, humanistic and psychodynamic approaches.

Author: Sue Cave

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415188708

Category: Psychology

Page: 178

View: 834

Therapeutic Approaches in Psychology is a simple introduction to the many psychological therapies in use today, including cognitive-behavioural, humanistic and psychodynamic approaches.

Conceptual Issues in Psychology

This comprehensive and up-to-date textbook gives a clear account of the different philosophical and theoretical approaches to psychology and discusses major philosophical questions such as free will and the relation between mind and body.

Author: Elizabeth R. Valentine

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415039253

Category: Psychology

Page: 238

View: 528

This comprehensive and up-to-date textbook gives a clear account of the different philosophical and theoretical approaches to psychology and discusses major philosophical questions such as free will and the relation between mind and body.

Theories of Group Behavior

Some clarification about the contents is in order. First, the theories presented here are clearly social psychological in scope and level of analysis, as discussed in the Introduction (Chapter 1).

Author: Brian Mullen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461246342

Category: Psychology

Page: 243

View: 808

In the fall of 1983, we began to organize a symposium entitled "General Social Psychological Theories of Group Behavior." Our goal was to encourage the extension and application of basic current social psychology to group behavior. The symposium was presented in the spring of 1984 at the Eastern Psychological Association convention in Baltimore and the interest that it generated led to discussions with colleagues and friends about similar efforts by social psychologists, eventually resulting in the present book. Some clarification about the contents is in order. First, the theories presented here are clearly social psychological in scope and level of analysis, as discussed in the Introduction (Chapter 1). However, we are not trying to encompass sociological, anthropological, political, or historical theoretical approaches to group behavior. Second, while the theories comprise a wide-ranging and representative, if not quite exhaustive, selection of social psychological theories of group behavior, there are some interesting and general perspectives that are not represented. For example, one perspective that is conspicuous by its absence is some variant of learning theory. Aside from the rare, notable exception (e.g., Buss, 1979), little work currently is being done on group behavior from a learning theoretic perspective. Our inclusion or exclusion of a theory reflects our judgment regarding its currency and accessibility to social psychological researchers.

African American Psychology

This volume provides a comprehensive overview of research on the psychology of African Americans.

Author: A. Kathleen Hoard Burlew

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803947665

Category: History

Page: 424

View: 658

This volume provides a comprehensive overview of research on the psychology of African Americans. Topics discussed include testing and measurement issues, child development, social behaviour, education, cognition, physiological functioning and clinical applications. The articles were previously published in The Journal of Black Psychology.

Close Relationship Loss

The major aim of this edited book is to present and illuminate, within one volume, some of these major theoretical perspectives. The volume as a whole has several unique qualities.

Author: Terri L. Orbuch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461391865

Category: Psychology

Page: 233

View: 319

Social scientists from various disciplines have been increasingly concerned with the nature, structure, and function of close relationships. Although most of the early work on the topic of close relationships drew attention to the development of close relationships, since the mid-1970s researchers have begun to investigate the many different aspects connected to the loss of close relationships. Despite the change to a more comprehensive conceptual framework, close relationship research is often criticized for being atheoretical; the research is criticized for being purely descriptive in nature and thus lacking a more theoretical framework. Contrary to this belief, I wish to argue that researchers in the area of close relationship loss employ several critical and prominent theoretical perspectives to describe, explain, and understand the endings of relationships-thus, the fruition of this book. The major aim of this edited book is to present and illuminate, within one volume, some of these major theoretical perspectives. The volume as a whole has several unique qualities. First, within each chapter, the authors provide a general overview of the theoretical per spective or approach within which they examine close relationship loss.

Social Psychology of the Workplace

This volume includes papers that address fundamental issues relating to the Social Psychology of the Workplace.

Author: Shane R. Thye

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0762313307

Category: Psychology

Page: 320

View: 817

Part of the "Advances in Group Processes", which publishes theoretical analyses, reviews and theory based empirical chapters on group phenomena. This volume includes papers that address fundamental issues relating to the Social Psychology of the Workplace.

Pain

Intended for practitioners, researchers, and students involved with the study of pain in fields such as clinical and health psychology, this book will also appeal to physicians, nurses, and physiotherapists.

Author: Thomas Hadjistavropoulos

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135631972

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 390

View: 716

This invaluable resource presents a state-of-the-art account of the psychology of pain from leading researchers. It features contributions from clinical, social, and biopsychological perspectives, the latest theories of pain, as well as basic processes and applied issues. The book opens with an introduction to the history of pain theory and the epidemiology of pain. It then explores theoretical work, including the gate control theory/neuromatrix model, as well as biopsychosocial, cognitive/behavioral, and psychodynamic perspectives. Issues, such as the link between psychophysiological processes and consciousness and the communication of pain are examined. Pain over the life span, ethno-cultural, and individual differences are the focus of the next three chapters. Pain: Psychological Perspectives addresses current clinical issues: * pain assessment and acute and chronic pain interventions; * the unavailability of psychological interventions for chronic pain in a number of settings, the use of self-report, and issues related to the implementation of certain biomedical interventions; and * the latest ethical standards and the theories. Intended for practitioners, researchers, and students involved with the study of pain in fields such as clinical and health psychology, this book will also appeal to physicians, nurses, and physiotherapists. Pain is ideal for advanced courses on the psychology of pain, pain management, and related courses that address this topic.

Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy

This book offers an extensive array of theories that includes all the mainstream theories as well as such contemporary approaches as narrative, feminist, and post-modern.

Author: Elsie Jones-Smith

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412910048

Category: Psychology

Page: 663

View: 566

This book offers an extensive array of theories that includes all the mainstream theories as well as such contemporary approaches as narrative, feminist, and post-modern. It offers students an integrative framework with which to assess the various theories with respect to possible clinical application. This is not a book that simply lists and describes theories; rather it will compare and contrast them, showing strengths and weaknesses, in a way to help students to apply them flexibly. The book also presents self-reflection exercises throughout to reinforce student understanding of theories and to help them understand their own cognitive and affective relationship to them. In other words, students will be challenged to understand what it is about their own personalities that will lead them to accept or reject various theoretical perspectives. Finally the book constantly shows the relationship between theory building and diversity.

The Wiley Handbook of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology

The Wiley Handbook of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology presents a comprehensive exploration of the wide range of methodological approaches utilized in the contemporary field of theoretical and philosophical psychology.

Author: Jack Martin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118748336

Category: Psychology

Page: 496

View: 649

The Wiley Handbook of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology presents a comprehensive exploration of the wide range of methodological approaches utilized in the contemporary field of theoretical and philosophical psychology. The Wiley Handbook of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology presents a comprehensive exploration of the wide range of methodological approaches utilized in the contemporary field of theoretical and philosophical psychology. Gathers together for the first time all the approaches and methods that define scholarly practice in theoretical and philosophical psychology Chapters explore various philosophical and conceptual approaches, historical approaches, narrative approaches to the nature of human conduct, mixed–method studies of psychology and psychological inquiry, and various theoretical bases of contemporary psychotherapeutic practices Features contributions from ten Past Presidents of the Society of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, along with several Past Presidents of other relevant societies

Psychology of Reasoning

This collection brings together a set of specially commissioned chapters from leading international researchers in the psychology of reasoning.

Author: Ken Manktelow

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 113542568X

Category: Psychology

Page: 388

View: 114

This collection brings together a set of specially commissioned chapters from leading international researchers in the psychology of reasoning. Its purpose is to explore the historical, philosophical and theoretical implications of the development of this field. Taking the unusual approach of engaging not only with empirical data but also with the ideas and concepts underpinning the psychology of reasoning, this volume has important implications both for psychologists and other students of cognition, including philosophers. Sub-fields covered include mental logic, mental models, rational analysis, social judgement theory, game theory and evolutionary theory. There are also specific chapters dedicated to the history of syllogistic reasoning, the psychology of reasoning as it operates in scientific theory and practice, Brunswickian approaches to reasoning and task environments, and the implications of Popper's philosophy for models of behaviour testing. This cross-disciplinary dialogue and the range of material covered makes this an invaluable reference for students and researchers into the psychology and philosophy of reasoning.

Themes Issues and Debates in Psychology

This 2nd edition includes new chapters on theoretical approaches and parapsychology. The original thirteen chapters from the first edition have been fully revised and updated.

Author: Richard D. Gross

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780340857847

Category: Psychology

Page: 383

View: 798

'Themes, Issues and Debates in Psychology' integrates topics, theories and areas of research that are usually treated separately. This 2nd edition includes new chapters on theoretical approaches and parapsychology. The original thirteen chapters from the first edition have been fully revised and updated.

Principles of Clinical Phonology

The latter is what is needed in clinical phonology. In this text, Martin J. Ball addresses these issues in an investigation of what principles should underlie a clinical phonology.

Author: Martin J. Ball

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1317368770

Category: Psychology

Page: 230

View: 472

Those working on the description of disordered speech are bound to be also involved with clinical phonology to some extent. This is because interpreting the speech signal is only the first step to an analysis. Describing the organization and function of a speech system is the next step. However, it is here that phonologists differ in their descriptions, as there are many current approaches in modern linguistics to undertaking phonological analyses of both normal and disordered speech. Much of the work in theoretical phonology of the last fifty years or so is of little use in either describing disordered speech or explaining it. This is because the dominant theoretical approach in linguists as a whole attempts elegant descriptions of linguistic data, not a psycholinguistic model of what speakers do when they speak. The latter is what is needed in clinical phonology. In this text, Martin J. Ball addresses these issues in an investigation of what principles should underlie a clinical phonology. This is not, however, simply another manual on how to do phonological analyses of disordered speech data, though examples of the application of various models of phonology to such data are provided. Nor is this a guide on how to do therapy, though a chapter on applications is included. Rather, this is an exploration of what theoretical underpinnings are best suited to describing, classifying, and treating the wide range of developmental and acquired speech disorders encountered in the speech-language pathology clinic.

Approaches to Art Therapy

Commentaries by well known art therapists follow each section of the book. Art therapists at all levels, as well as any mental health professional utilizing art in their clinical work, will find this new edition of value and interest.

Author: Judith Aron Rubin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135842159

Category: Psychology

Page: 384

View: 149

The second edition of the highly successful 1987 book brings together the varied theoretical approaches to art therapy, and provides a variety of solutions to the challenge of translating theory to technique. In each chapter, the esteemed contributors, experts in the approach of the particular chapter, provide a definition of and orientation to the specific theory or area of emphasis, showing its relevance to art therapy. Clinical examples and nearly 100 illustrations are employed as the authors present the creative and effective treatment of patients. In addition to the strength of the theoretical overview, this new edition offers many new chapters including those on cognitive-behavioral therapy and person-centered therapy. The text is divided into five sections: psychodynamic approaches; humanistic approaches; psycho-educational approaches; systemic approaches; and integrative approaches. Commentaries by well known art therapists follow each section of the book. Art therapists at all levels, as well as any mental health professional utilizing art in their clinical work, will find this new edition of value and interest.