These issues cannot be understood as an abstraction, and they should be
situated in an historical framework of understanding that takes into account the
origins of Islam and sharia and their development from the classical period to
Author: Raficq S. Abdulla
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
I.B.Tauris in association with the Institute of Ismaili Studies Sharia has been a source of misunderstanding and misconception in both the Muslim and non-Muslim worlds. Understanding Sharia: Islamic Law in a Globalised World sets out to explore the reality of sharia, contextualising its development in the early centuries of Islam and showing how it evolved in line with historical and social circumstances. The authors, Raficq S. Abdulla and Mohamed M. Keshavjee, both British-trained lawyers, argue that sharia and the positive law flowing from it, known as fiqh, have never been an exclusive legal system or a fixed set of beliefs. In addition to tracing the history of sharia, the book offers a critique concerning its status today. Sharia is examined with regard to particular issues that are of paramount importance in the contemporary world, such as human rights; criminal penalties, including those dealing with apostasy, blasphemy and adultery, commercial transactions, and bio-medical ethics, amongst other subjects. The authors show that sharia is a legal system underpinned by ethical principles that are open to change in different circumstances and contexts, notwithstanding the claims for `transcendental permanence' made by Islamists. This book encourages new thinking about the history of sharia and its role in the modern world.
4 Principles of Islamic Contract Law Noor Mohammed Heightened awareness in
the United States about Islam and Muslims presents an opportunity to explore
issues in Islamic law , and particularly to examine the concepts that underlie ...
Author: Hisham M. Ramadan
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
Understanding Islamic law is crucial not only for Muslims, but for non-Muslims who work with Muslims in legal contexts as well as for anyone wanting to understand the role of Islam in the world today. For unlike western legal systems where religious and legal spheres are kept separate, Islamic law is all-encompassing, directing all human actions. Legal scholar Hisham Ramadan brings together articles to give an excellent overview of the formation of Islamic law and its role in contemporary Islamic and Non-Islamic states. Following an overview of Islamic Law, chapters cover Islamic criminal law, International Humanitarian Law, contract law, & family law. A concluding essay offers an explanation of the legal value of Islam and appendices include original Islamic legal documents from Muhammad's time until today.
The report's conclusion recommends legally proscribing any promotion of sharia,
such as sharia-compliant finance; ... Understanding Sharia Law, which criticized
and debunked the conservative interpretations of sharia, especially those in the ...
Author: Timothy P. Daniels
Publisher: University of Washington Press
Category: Social Science
Drawing on ethnographic research, Living Sharia examines the role of sharia in the sociopolitical processes of contemporary Malaysia. The book traces the contested implementation of Islamic family and criminal laws and sharia economics to provide cultural frameworks for understanding sharia among Muslims and non-Muslims. Timothy Daniels explores how the way people think about sharia is often entangled with notions about race, gender equality, nationhood, liberal pluralism, citizenship, and universal human rights. He reveals that Malaysians� ideas about sharia are not isolated from�nor always opposed to�liberal pluralism and secularism. Living Sharia will be of interest to scholars as well as to policy makers, consultants, and professionals working with global NGOs.
Haram Islamic law puts some investments out of bounds. THROUGH A SCREEN
To simplify the task of identifying investments that meet specific criteria, financial
institutions and analysts put companies through a series of screens, ...
Author: Virginia B. Morris
Publisher: Lightbulb Press, Inc.
Category: Banks and banking
These treatises set the stage for Sharia versus Freedom—The Legacy of Islamic
Totalitarianism. The traditions of holy war and animus toward Jews are critical to
our understanding of classical Islamic doctrine. Sharia, however, is the doctrine's
Author: Andrew G. Bostom
Publisher: Prometheus Books
Category: Social Science
Author Andrew G. Bostom expands upon his two previous groundbreaking compendia, The Legacy of Jihad and The Legacy of Islamic Antisemitism, with this collection of his own recent essays on Sharia - Islamic law. The book elucidates, unapologetically, Sharia's defining Islamic religious principles and the consequences of its application across space and time, focusing upon contemporary illustrations. A wealth of unambiguous evidence is marshaled, distilled, and analyzed, including: objective, erudite studies of Sharia by leading scholars of Islam; the acknowledgment of Sharia's global "resurgence," even by contemporary academic apologists for Islam; an abundance of recent polling data from Muslim nations and Muslim immigrant communities in the West confirming the ongoing, widespread adherence to Sharia's tenets; the plaintive warnings and admonitions of contemporary Muslim intellectuals - freethinkers and believers, alike - about the incompatibility of Sharia with modern, Western-derived conceptions of universal human rights; and the overt promulgation by authoritative, mainstream international and North American Islamic religious and political organizations of traditional, Sharia-based Muslim legal systems as an integrated whole (i.e., extending well beyond mere "family-law aspects" of Sharia). Johannes J. G. Jansen, Professor for Contemporary Islamic Thought Emeritus at Utrecht University, says this book "will prove sobering to even staunch optimists."
n an effort to appear tolerant and understanding of Islam, the George Soros–
funded Center for American Progress enlisted former Muslim Student ... A variety
of Muslim communities exist, and each understands Sharia in its own way.
Author: Glenn Beck
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
Category: Political Science
#1 bestselling author and radio host Glenn Beck exposes the real truth behind the roots of Islamic extremism in Muslim teachings in this sharply insightful handbook that debunks commonly held assumptions about Islam and the dream of a renewed caliphate. From the barbarians of ISIS to the terror tactics of Al-Qaeda and its offshoots, to the impending threat of a nuclear Iran, those motivated by extreme fundamentalist Islamic faith have the power to endanger and kill millions. The conflict with them will not end until we face the truth about those who find their inspiration and justification in the religion itself. Drawing on quotes from the Koran and the hadith, as well as from leaders of ISIS, Al Qaeda, and the Muslim Brotherhood, Glenn Beck seeks to expose the true origins of Islamic extremism as well as the deadly theological motivations behind these agencies of destruction. Using the same unique no-holds-barred style from his bestselling books Control and Conform, Glenn Beck offers straight facts and history about the fundamental beliefs that inspire so many to kill.
The subsequent understanding of sharia as “islamic law” forms the basis of
contemporary islamic legal systems and underlies the focus on the relationship
between theory and practice in the academic study of islamic law. in overviews of
Author: Peri Bearman
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
This unparalleled Companion provides a comprehensive and authoritative guide to Islamic law to all with an interest in this increasingly relevant and developing field. The volume presents classical Islamic law through a historiographical introduction to and analysis of Western scholarship, while key debates about hot-button issues in modern-day circumstances are also addressed. In twenty-one chapters, distinguished authors offer an overview of their particular specialty, reflect on past and current thinking, and point to directions for future research. The Companion is divided into four parts. The first offers an introduction to the history of Islamic law as well as a discussion of how Western scholarship and historiography have evolved over time. The second part delves into the substance of Islamic law. Legal rules for the areas of legal status, family law, socio-economic justice, penal law, constitutional authority, and the law of war are all discussed in this section. Part three examines the adaptation of Islamic law in light of colonialism and the modern nation state as well as the subsequent re-Islamization of national legal systems. The final section presents contemporary debates on the role of Islamic law in areas such as finance, the diaspora, modern governance, and medical ethics, and the volume concludes by questioning the role of Sharia law as a legal authority in the modern context. By outlining the history of Islamic law through a linear study of research, this collection is unique in its examination of past and present scholarship and the lessons we can draw from this for the future. It introduces scholars and students to the challenges posed in the past, to the magnitude of milestones that were achieved in the reinterpretation and revision of established ideas, and ultimately to a thorough conceptual understanding of Islamic law.
Later, in September 1983, Nimeiry introduced full Sharia law into the whole
country in order to silence domestic criticism and to enhance his local and foreign
support as the law equated his government with Islamic precepts. This imposition
Author: Festus Ugboaja Ohaegbulam
Publisher: University Press of America
This introductory survey provides a rich understanding of the African experience which, until recently, either had been omitted from the curriculum of institutions of higher learning or was distorted in written and oral literature. The book identifies the post-World War II civil rights movement in America and the independence revolution in Africa as the most decisive forces that generated interest in the study of the African/black experience. Includes four theoretical models for interpreting the black experience. The author discusses the place and role of Africa in the development of human civilization, focusing on Africa's Nile Valley civilizations and Western Sudanic empires. It probes aspects of traditional African culture, including the family, traditional political institutions and religion, and analyzes the impact on Africa and its peoples of such historical traumas as slavery, colonialism, and decolonization.
Sharia Debates in Africa. “sharia debates and Their Perception by Christians and
muslims in selected african Countries” [nigeria]. an international, multidisciplinary
and Comparative research Project at University of Bayreuth, 2007.
Author: Peter C. Phan
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Our contemporary world is fast becoming religiously diverse in a variety of ways. Thanks to globalization and migration, to mention only two current worldwide trends, people of diverse and sometimes mutually hostile faiths are now sharing neighborhoods and encountering one another's religious traditions on a daily basis. For scholars in religious studies and theology the issue to be examined is whether religious diversity is merely the result of historical development and social interaction, or whether it is inherent in the object of belief--part of the very structure of faith and our attempts to understand and express it. The essays in this volume range from explorations of the impact of religious diversity on religious studies to examples of interfaith encounter and dialogue, and current debates on Christian theology of religion. These essays examine not only the theoretical issues posed by religious pluralism to the study of religion and Christian theology but also concrete cases in which religious pluralism has been a bone of contention. Together, they open up new vistas for further conversation on the nature and development of religious pluralism.
“So, for example, when I am based in Switzerland— my country—or in the West
and the law of the country is saying that we are equal before law, I say 'This is my
sharia.' So my understanding of sharia is that it is not a closed system.
Author: Erick Stakelbeck
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
The Brotherhoods is the chilling chronicle of the alleged crimes and betrayals of NYPD Detectives Stephen Caracappa and Louis Eppolito, notorious rogue cops who stand charged with the ultimate form of police corruption-shielding their crimes behind their badges while they worked for the mob. These crimes included murder, kidnapping, torture, and the betrayal of an entire generation of New York City detectives and federal agents. This gripping real-life detective story reveals two brotherhoods, both with hierarchies, rituals, and codes of conduct. Chased for seven years by William Oldham, the brilliant and determined detective who didn't let the case die, Detectives Caracappa and Eppolito are at the centre of an investigation that moves from the mobbed-up streets of Brooklyn to Hollywood sets and the Las Vegas strip. Co-written with prize-winning investigative journalist Guy Lawson, the story spans three decades and showcases a cast of characters that runs the gamut from capo psychopaths to grieving mothers to a group of retired detectives and investigators working to see that justice is done.This quintessential American mob tale, both bizarre and compelling, ranks with such modern crime classics as Serpico, Donnie Brasco, and Wiseguy.
... Depdagri Departemen Dalam Negri (Ministry of Home Affairs) DF Degree of
Freedom DPS Dewan Pengawas Syariah - Sharia Supervisory Board [SSB] DSN
Dewan Syariah Nasional - National Sharia Board DSP Danamon Simpan Pinjam
Publisher: Rozenberg Publishers
... Degree in Sharia Other Equivalent Diploma in Shania Other Equivalent
Understanding Sharia Questions on Sharia Understanding Positive Remark
Dictation Negative Remark Previous Work | Maximum Marks Arabic Neutral an
15 13 | 8 10 ...
Author: Philip Ostien
Category: Islam and politics
Another fundamental principle of the state, freedom of religion, must respect and
allow such diversity. Even a narrowly defined understanding of Islam, and the
Shariʿa, may not be prohibited by the state. In such a situation, the ultimate value
Author: Abdulkader Tayob
Publisher: Hurst Publishers
"The objective of this book is to identify and examine the place of religion as an abstract category in modern Islamic discussions, from the nineteenth century to the present. Abdulkader Tayob shows how ideas of religion facilitated the transformation of Islamic discourses, both when accepting and resisting modernity. His central focus is on the intellectuals who grappled with reconciling Islam with successive waves of modernisation." "Religion in Modern Islamic Discourse begins with early discussions in Egypt and colonial India on the essence of religion and its social value in the light of modern challenges posed by science and politics. It then explores key contributions by twentieth-century Muslim intellectuals on the meaning of identity, state, law, and gender. Above all, Abdulkader Tayob offers the reader a creative way of understanding modern Islamic discourse, uncovering the deep structural foundations of its approach to religion, religious values and spirituality." --Book --
Consideration of Sharia as a normative source for state law through civic reason
in the democratic political process, ... can establish financial institutions that
conform to their understanding of Sharia under the framework of existing state
Author: Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na'im
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Since 2001, there has been a tremendous backlash against the very idea that it is possible to be both American and Muslim-the controversy over the so-called "Ground Zero Mosque" and the attempts to ban shari'a law are examples. Even within the Muslim community many leaders urge believers to integrate more fully into the mainstream of American life. Is it possible to be both fully American and devoutly Muslim? An American citizen born and raised in the Sudan, an internationally recognized scholar of Islam, and a human rights activist, Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na'im brings a unique perspective to this crucial question. By demanding that Muslims assimilate, he argues, allies and critics alike assume that American Muslims are a monolithic bloc, a permanent minority set apart from that which is truly "American." An-Na'im wholeheartedly rejects this notion and urges Muslims to embrace their faith without fear. Islam, he argues, is one of many dimensions of identity-Muslims are also members of different ethnic groups, political parties, and social circles, not to mention husbands and wives, fathers and mothers, baseball fans and movie buffs. In short, Muslims share a vast array of identities with other Americans, but the most important identity they all share is as citizens. Muslims, An-Na'im argues, must embrace the full range of rights and responsibilities that come with American citizenship, and participate fully in civic life, while at the same time asserting their right to define their faith for themselves. They must view themselves, simply, as American citizens who happen to be Muslims. What Is an American Muslim? is a bold and provocative take on the future of Islam in America.
Brian Kettell. The FSA also had to obtain an understanding of the Sharia'a
supervisory board's role in an Islamic bank from both financial and operational
perspectives. If the Sharia'a supervisory board's role corresponded to that of a
director in ...
Author: Brian Kettell
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Business & Economics
In Frequently Asked Questions in Islamic Finance, industry expert Brian Kettell answers some of the most frequently asked questions from his many years experience in working and teaching in Islamic finance and banking. From knowledge of the Qu'ran and Sharia'a Law, to new and old Islamic financial concepts, Islamic terms, and Islamic financial instruments and services, this book covers all the key areas that practitioners need to Islamic finance. The book addresses individual questions such as “what is Takaful?”, and provide answers with a clear overview of the product or service, and an example, or illustration where appropriate, of how they work in practice. The book also features a question and answer section for readers to test and build their knowledge of the area. Light, entertaining and varied in its approach, Frequently Asked Questions in Islamic Finance will prove popular for experienced practioners and novices alike.
Sharia. Trust. ADR. An important developing trend is the escalating potential for
conflicts of laws to occur within the same ... recommend that readers wishing to
have a fuller understanding of Sharia and ADR should consult specialist
Author: Grant Jones
Publisher: Spiramus Press Ltd
Settling trust disputes without litigation can save all parties legal costs and maintain confidentiality (reducing the risk of unwelcome publicity). ADR and Trusts has been written to help professional advisers who want to help their clients to avoid litigation. It is a development from the authors’ accredited mediation training course for the Society of Trust and Estate Practitioners (STEP). Part A introduces the reader to the different forms of dispute resolution, and examines the differences between arbitration and mediation of trust and fiduciary disputes. The mediation process is explained, including: the role of professional advisors, and the tools and techniques for mediation. The authors examine ways of avoiding disputes, cross-border aspects of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR), the psychological factors affecting mediation, the mediator’s powers to mediate and settle disputes, and ethical issues in Trust ADR. Islamic and Sharia Trust ADR is also considered, with close study of the developing approaches in Canada and the UK. Part B examines 27 jurisdictions and how trust law and ADR operates in each of them. The jurisdictions covered are: Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, The British Virgin Islands, Canada, Cyprus, England and Wales, Florida, France, Gibraltar, Guernsey, Hong Kong, India, Ireland, Isle of Man, Israel, Italy, Jersey, Liechtenstein, Malaysia, Mauritius, New Zealand, Panama, Scotland, Singapore, Switzerland, and the United Arab Emirates. Each profile addresses: arbitration law and practice, trust law, the mandatory requirements for mediation and the enforcement of ADR awards. Mediators, arbitrators, trust and estate planning practitioners, trust managers and anyone involved in trust disputes should all benefit from reading this book.
One feature of this system , in which the sharia is made national law , is that a
large part of the Islamic jurisprudence is shura ( “ consultation ' ) , which can be
explained as ' the expression of the will of the democratic majority ' , 22 as the NIF
Author: J. P. Larsson
Category: Political Science
Investigates religious violence, terrorism and armed conflict in order to deliver the understanding required for a more peaceful world and to allow for a framework of conflict transformation. [publisher web site].
According to Filali-Ansary, the understanding of sharia as autonomous, sacred,
and absolute was a political construction that emerged in the medieval period.
Sharia became sacralized because this increased its status and power as a
Author: Austin Sarat
Publisher: Stanford University Press
The possibility of law in the absence of a nation would seem to strip law from its source of meaning and value. At the same time, law divorced from nations would clear the ground for a cosmopolitan vision in which the prejudices or idiosyncrasies of distinctive national traditions would give way to more universalist groundings for law. These alternately dystopian and utopian viewpoints inspire this original collection of essays on law without nations. This book examines the ways in which the growing internationalization of law affects domestic national law, the relationship between cosmopolitan legal ideas and understandings of national identity, and the intersections of identity and law based on the liberal tradition of jurisprudence and transnational influences. Ultimately, Law without Nations offers sharp analyses of the fraught relationship between the nation and the state—and the legal forms and practices that they require, constitute, and violently contest.
The Assertion of Muslim Women's Islamic Identity in the Sharia Debates in
Canada NEVIN REDA The title of this chapter ... For one, it reflects an
understanding of Islam by the IICJ (and others) that tends to be authoritarian,2
not recognizing the ...
Author: Anna Korteweg
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
Category: Social Science
When the Islamic Institute of Civil Justice announced it would begin offering Sharia-based services in Ontario, a subsequent provincial government review gave qualified support for religious arbitration. However, the ensuing debate inflamed the passions of a wide range of Muslim and non-Muslim groups, garnered worldwide attention, and led to a ban on religiously based family law arbitration in the province. Debating Sharia sheds light on how Ontario's Sharia debate of 2003-2006 exemplified contemporary concerns regarding religiosity in the public sphere and the place of Islam in Western nation states. Focusing on the legal ramifications of Sharia law in the context of rapidly changing Western liberal democracies, Debating Sharia approaches the issue from a variety of methodological perspectives, including policy and media analysis, fieldwork, feminist examinations of the portrayals of Muslim women, and theoretical examinations of religion, Sharia, and the law. This volume is an important read for those who grapple with ethnic and religio-cultural diversity while remaining committed to religious freedom and women's equality.
Islamic Law of Contracts and BusinessTransactions 5.1 INTRODUCTION Islam
considers the property of people as sacred and inviolable as their life and honour
. To ensure this, it forbids the unlawful devouring of others' property by way of ...
Author: Muhammad Ayub
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Business & Economics
In Understanding Islamic Finance Muhammad Ayub introduces all the essential elements of this growing market by providing an in-depth background to the subject and clear descriptions of all the major products and processes associated with Islamic finance. Key features include: Discussion of the principles of Islamic finance; Introduction to the key products and procedures that International Financial Institutions are using or may adopt to fund a variety of clients ensuring Sharī ́ah compliance; Discussion of the role Islamic finance can play in the development of the financial system and of economies; Practical and operational examples that cover deposit and fund management by banks involving financing of various sectors of the economy, risk management, accounting treatment, and working of Islamic financial markets and instruments. This book is not only an important text for all banks and financial institutions entering this particular market with a commitment to building Islamic financial solutions, but is also essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students of Islamic finance.