Representing Virginity in the Middle Ages and Renaissance Nancy Weitz
Kathleen Coyne Kelly, Marina Leslie ... Virgins. in. Italian. Renaissance.
Domestic. Painting. Cristelle. L. Baskins. Vergine, Onesta, Casta: injunctions to
women in early ...
Author: Nancy Weitz
Publisher: University of Delaware Press
Category: Literary Criticism
The essays in Menacing Virgins: Representing Virginity in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance examine the nexus of religious, political, economic, and aesthetic values that produce the Western European myth of virginity, and explore how those complex cultural forces animate, empower, discipline, disclose, mystify, and menace the virginal body. As the title suggests, the virgin can be seen alternately or even simultaneously as menaced or menacing. To chart the history of virginity as a steady, evolutionary progression from a religious ideal in the Middle Ages toward a more secularized or sovereign ideal in the Renaissance would obscure how unstable a concept chastity is in both periods. What this collection demonstrates is that medieval and early modern attitudes toward virginity are not general and evolutionary, but specific, changeable, and often conflicted.
The Church of the Eleven Thousand Virgins and its Decoration Despite the
extensive dissemination and presence of their relics in Cologne and elsewhere ,
the core of the cult of the Holy Virgins remained the motherhouse and titular
church of ...
Author: Scott B. Montgomery
Publisher: Peter Lang
The cult of St. Ursula and the Eleven Thousand Virgin Martyrs of Cologne was the most widespread relic cult in medieval Europe. The sheer abundance of relics of the Eleven Thousand Virgins, which allowed for the display of immense collections, shaped the notion of corporate cohesion that characterized the cult. Though the primacy of St. Ursula as the leader of this holy band was established by the tenth century, she was conceived as the head of a corporate body. Innumerable inventories and liturgical texts attest to the fact that this cult was commemorated and referenced as a collective mass - Undecim millium virginum. This group identity informed, and was formulated by, the presentation of their relics, as well as much of the imagery associated with this cult. This book explores the visual, textual, performative, and perceptual aspects of this phenomenon, with particular emphasis on painting and sculpture in late medieval Cologne. Examining the ways in which both texts and images worked as vestments, garbing the true core of relics which formed the body of the cult, the book examines the cult from the core outward, seeking to understand hagiographic texts and images in terms of their role in articulating relic cults.
In the Hippocratic On the disease of virgins, it was on account of 'food and the
growth of the body' that an excess of blood was present in young girls at puberty.
This phrase was open to a range of interpretations in medical writers which were
Author: Helen King
Publisher: Psychology Press
"Helen King examines the origins and history of the disease, from its roots in the classical tradition to its extraordinary survival into the 1920s, despite changes in how the mechanisms of puberty and menstruation were understood, and enormous shifts in medical theories and technologies. From menstrual disturbance to eating disorders, from liver disease to blood disorder, the disease of virgins has been adjusted throughout its history to fit medical fashions. However, little changed in the underlying ideas about the female body, and the need to regulate the sexuality of young women."--BOOK JACKET.
... resulting in a strikingly abnormal repertory . During their brief history , the
company staged seven comedies and one tragedy . Five of those comedies
feature bawdy virgins in the lead role . Joseph Q. Adams accused the Whitefriars
Author: Assistant Professor in the Department of English Mary Bly
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Queer Virgins and Virgin Queans looks at the early modern theater through the lens of obscure and obscene puns--especially "queer" puns, those that carry homoerotic resonances and speak to homoerotic desires. In particular, it resurrects the operations of a small boys' company known as the first Whitefriars, which performed for about nine months in 1607-8. As a group, the plays performed by this company exhibit an unusually dense array of bawdy puns, whose eroticism is extremely interesting, given that the focus of eros is the male body. The laughter recoverable from Whitefriars plays harnesses the pun's inherent doubleness to homoerotic pleasure; in these plays, 'the bawdy hand of the dial' is always 'on the pricke of noone'. Mary Bly's analysis depends on the nature of punning itself, and the inflections of language and the creativity that marked Whitefriars punsters, with special emphasis on the effect of puns on an audience. What happens to audience members who sit shoulder to shoulder and laugh at homoerotic quibbles? What is the effect of catching a queer pun's double meaning in a group rather than while alone? How can we characterize those auditors, within the convoluted, if fascinating, theories of erotic identity offered by queer theorists?
The story concerns three sexually defined categories of women - virgins, wives
and prostitutes. Romulus' mother was a virgin; the Vestal, Rhea Silvia. The most
prominent part in the story was given to a prostitute, Romulus' nurse and foster ...
Author: Ariadne Staples
Publisher: Psychology Press
Ariadne Staples provides an arresting and original analysis of the role of women in Roman society, which challenges traditionally held views and provokes further questions.The role of women in Roman culture and society was a paradoxical one. On the one hand they enjoyed social, material and financial independence and on the other hand they were denied basic constitutional rights. Roman history is not short of powerful female figures, such as Agrippina and Livia, yet their power stemmed from their associations with great men and was not officially recognised.Ariadne Staples' book examines how women in Rome were perceived both by themselves and by men through women's participation in Roman religion, as Roman religious ritual provided the single public arena where women played a significant formal role. From Good Goddess to Vestal Virgins argues that the ritual roles played out by women were vital in defining them sexually and that these sexually defined categories spilled over into other aspects of Roman culture, including political activity.Ariadne Staples provides an arresting and original analysis of the role of women in Roman society, which challenges traditionally held views and provokes further questions.
According to Athanasius' Vita Antonii, he placed his younger sister 'in the charge
of respected and trusted virgins' to be raised efc napdeviav, 'in virginity'.
Athanasius composed his life of Antony much later, shortly after. 1 Ath. V. Ant. (
Author: Susanna Elm
Publisher: Clarendon Press
Many of the institutions fundamental to the role of men and women in society today were formed in late antiquity. This path-breaking study offers a comprehensive look at how Christian women of this time initiated alternative, ascetic ways of living, both with and without men. The author studies how these practices were institutionalized, and why later they were either eliminated or transformed by a new Christian Roman elite of men we now think of as the founding fathers of monasticism. - ;Situated in a period that witnessed the genesis of institutions fundamental to this day, this path-breaking study offers a comprehensive look at how ancient Christian women initiated ascetic ways of living, and how these practices were then institutionalized. Using the organization of female asceticism in Asia Minor and Egypt as a lever, the author demonstrates that - in direct contrast to later conceptions - asceticism began primarly as an urban movement. Crucially, it also originated with men and women living together, varying the model of the family. The book then traces how, in the course of the fourth century, these early organizational forms underwent a transformation. Concurrent with the doctrinal struggles to redefine the Trinity, and with the formation of a new Christian --eacute--;lite, men such as Basil of Caesarea changed the institutional configuration of ascetic life in common: they emphasized the segregation of the sexes, and the supremacy of the rural over urban models. At the same time, ascetics became clerics, who increasingly used female saints as symbols for the role of the new ecclesiastical elite. Earlier, more varied models of ascetic life were either silenced or condemned as heretical; and those who had been in fact their reformers became known as the founding fathers of monasticism. -
Finally, the virgins' longings were manifesting in a real sense. They had survived
the nastiness, craftiness, and ignorance of those that had sort to corrupt them.
The virgins that had made it had not danced to Zijumzum's whims and had not ...
Author: Thabang Tlaka
Publisher: Partridge Africa
After her body experiences the Blossom, the confused virgin Vuyi’s heart begins to burn with unquenchable and relentless passion. Her parents and the village practices compel her to travel to the Village of Virtue, where the fire in her heart would be molded and, thus, gain permission to reign as queen with the faithful. With other virgins, she quickly learns that dreams, pain, and sacrifice are strange—however necessary—bedfellows. Though determined to reach her destination, her journey is littered with sadistic creatures that seek to corrupt her, break her down, and puncture her dreams of purity. “Corrupting Virgins” is a book about purity, second chances, and tsunamis of hatred. It is a story about wading through oceans of opinions, tunnelling through mountains of ignorance, and dancing through the joys and sorrows of life. It is a story that seeks to defend love in a society where love is constantly on trial. “Corrupting Virgins” is a book about wrestling arguments and monsters that besiege those who believe in faith, hope, and love. Through a unique African and poetic lens, the reader will be taken through Jungles of Insult, Trains of Testing, Rivers of Life, Cities of Instant Gratification, and Villages of Virtue.
VIRGINS. YVONNE VERA is one of Zimbabwe's most acclaimed writers and
social critics. She was born in Bulawayo, where she is now director of the
National Gallery, and is the author of Butterfly Burning (FSG, 2000) and Without
aName and ...
Author: Yvonne Vera
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Winner of the Macmillan Prize for African Adult Fiction An uncompromising novel by one of Africa's premiere writers, detailing the horrors of civil war in luminous, haunting prose In 1980, after decades of guerilla war against colonial rule, Rhodesia earned its hard-fought-for independence from Britain. Less than two years thereafter when Mugabe rose to power in the new Zimbabwe, it signaled the begining of brutal civil unrest that would last nearly a half decade more. With The Stone Virgins Yvonne Vera examines the dissident movement from the perspective of two sisters living in a small township outside of Bulawayo. In a portrait painted in successive impressions of life before and after the liberation, Vera explores the quest for dignity and a centered existence against a backdrop of unimaginable violence; the twin instincts of survival and love; the rival pulls of township and city life; and mankind's capacity for terror, beauty, and sacrifice. One sister will find a reason for hope. One will not make it through alive. Weaving historical fact within a story of grand passions and striking endurance, Vera has gifted us with a powerful and provocative testament to the resilience of the Zimbabwean people.
Continuities : The Christian Virgins Even during the period of conflict that the
politico - economic changes of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries
engendered , the Catholics of Mindong maintained striking institutional and
Author: Eugenio Menegon
Publisher: Harvard University Press
In the 16th century, European missionaries brought a foreign religion to China. Converts transformed this religion into a local one. Focusing on the still-active Catholic communities of Fuan county in Fujian, this project's implications extend to the fields of religious and social history and early modern history of global intercultural relations.
I shall increase and grow ever more famous, so long as the priest and the silent
Virgin solemnly climb to the Capitol. (Hor. Ode. 3.30.8–9) As the poet Horace
emphasizes, the Vestal Virgins were synonymous with the continued existence
Author: Robin Lorsch Wildfang
Comprehensive and thoroughly up-to-date, this volume offers a brand new analysis of the Vestal Virgins’ ritual function in Roman religion. Undertaking a detailed and careful analysis of ancient literary sources, Wildfang argues that the Vestals’ virginity must be understood on a variety of different levels and provides a solution to the problem of the Vestals’ peculiar legal status in ancient Rome. Addressing the one official state priesthood open to women at Rome, this volume explores and analyzes a range of topics including: the rituals enacted by priestesses (both the public rituals performed in connection with official state rites and festivals and the private rites associated only with the order itself) the division and interface between religion, state and family structure the Vestals’ participation in rights that were outside the sphere of traditional female activity. New and insightful, this investigation of one of the most important state cults in ancient Rome is an essential addition to the bookshelves of all those interested in Roman religion, history and culture.
The idea of virginity was a representation of sacred power related to a goddess's
sexual desires. The connection between the Virgin Mary and the Moon Goddess
allowed for a gendering of religion different from that promoted in either ...
Author: Peter Herman Sigal
Publisher: University of Texas Press
For the preconquest Maya, sexuality was a part of ritual discourse and performance, and all sex acts were understood in terms of their power to create, maintain, and destroy society. As postconquest Maya adapted to life under colonial rule, they neither fully abandoned these views nor completely adopted the formulation of sexuality prescribed by Spanish Catholicism. Instead, they evolved hybridized notions of sexual desire, represented in the figure of the Virgin Mary as a sexual goddess, whose sex acts embodied both creative and destructive components. This highly innovative book decodes the process through which this colonization of Yucatan Maya sexual desire occurred. Pete Sigal frames the discussion around a series of texts, including the Books of Chilam Balam and the Ritual of the Bacabs, that were written by seventeenth and eighteenth century Maya nobles to elucidate the history, religion, and philosophy of the Yucatecan Maya communities. Drawing on the insights of philology, discourse analysis, and deconstruction, he analyzes the sexual fantasies, fears, and desires that are presented, often unintentionally, in the "margins" of these texts and shows how they illuminate issues of colonialism, power, ritual, and gender.
Virgins. on. Sexuality. and. Virginity. In all the stories in the Escorial manuscript,
women chose to follow a spiritual life. They wanted to free themselves from
worldly considerations so that they could seek God, a goal that was consistent
Author: Joyce E. Salisbury
This startling study of early Christian attitudes toward sexuality begins with an account of the different stances adopted by the Church—from the Early Fathers' view that sex and the female body were irredeemably unholy, to Augustine's contention that sex was natural, but lust was evil. While the Church Fathers struggled to reach consistent theoretical conclusions, the underlying conflation of 'women' with 'sex' meant that patristic statements on chastity, virginity and marriage effectively read as ecclesiastical law governing women's conduct. Joyce Salisbury explains the relationship between Church doctrine and the position of women by placing these official views alongside an ascetic tradition which resisted the constraints imposed by sexual intercourse. Through an examination of texts of female and popular authorship, and the extraordinary lives of seven women saints—including the transvestites Castissima and Pelagia—she presents a markedly different picture of sexual and social roles. For many of these women, celibacy became a form of emancipation. Church Fathers, Independent Virgins bears witness to the entrenched power of the Church to oppress, the continuing power of women to overcome, and the enduring effects of medieval sexual attitudes.
How ineffectual all that the foolish Virgins could do at that time did in the
conclusion prove , is set forth to us V. 8,9,10 , at large in the Parable ; They
wanted Oyl , but could neither borrow nor buy it : They would then fain have had it
, and ran ...
Author: John Tillotson
It might be helpful to assist the reader by identifying the location and salient
features of the tiny Caribbean archipelago known today as the “Virgin Islands.” It
comprises a group of about fifty small islands and cays clustered at the northern
tip of ...
Author: John David Merwin
Publisher: Dorrance Publishing
his book does not esteem virginity more than the person, NO. The young boy or
girl is much more than the hymen, the hymeneal blood, the foreskin and the
sexual experience. But the point here is that, there is a great connection between
Author: Samuel DanAuta
Publisher: Trafford Publishing
Category: Family & Relationships
This book does not esteem virginity more than the person, NO. The young boy or girl is much more than the hymen, the hymeneal blood, the foreskin and the sexual experience. But the point here is that, there is a great connection between the destinies of every human being on earth with their sexual experience in and outside of marriage. The mystery here is not what you will read in popular books. There are dozens of Christian books on sex that relegates virginity. One thing stands sure, the word of God. The word of God will never go out of place; it is the oldest book with the latest revelation and information. God's standard on sex is the same from Genesis to Revelation. This book has revealed ancient secrets of the hidden power in sexual purity (virginity) and how parents and guardians can use these secrets to train virgins to do great exploits in life. The entire book captures the story of a single mother who depended on God for wisdom and succeeded in training four virgins.
by two wicked Villains , Accomplices ; 1 com jure you , O omnipoteni God , in the
Name of thy beloved Son Jesus Christ , who vouchsafed to be born of a Virgin , to
protect me another Virgin , from the Power and Arts of such as do , or hall ...
Author: esq. F. L. (pseud.)
Category: Conduct of life
... was directed , wondering what he had done to deserve this mark of royal favor .
He looked around , expecting to see someone , but there was not even an
attendant present . He and 256 The Isle of the Virgins .
Author: Matthew J. Royal
Publisher: Buffalo, N.Y. : Wenborne-Sumner
Situating the Virgin Islands—A Caribbean Nation, a U.S. Colony When the guy
made the song Caribbean Queen, we all danced to it. but we didn't really know
what it meant. i know now what it meant, exactly. —Carolyn Jenkins, Miss U.S. ...
Author: M. Cynthia Oliver
Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi
Category: Beauty contestants
Beauty pageants are wildly popular in the U.S. Virgin Islands, outnumbering any other single performance event and capturing the attention of the local people from toddlers to seniors. Local beauty contests provide women opportunities to demonstrate talent, style, the values of black womanhood, and the territory's social mores. Queen of the Virgins: Pageantry and Black Womanhood in the Caribbean is a comprehensive look at the centuries-old tradition of these expressions in the Virgin Islands. M. Cynthia Oliver maps the trajectory of pageantry from its colonial precursors at tea meetings, dance dramas, and street festival parades to its current incarnation as the beauty pageant or queen show. For the author, pageantry becomes a lens through which to view the region's understanding of gender, race, sexuality, class, and colonial power. Focusing on the queen show, Oliver reveals its twin roots in slave celebrations that parodied white colonial behavior and created creole royal rituals and celebrations heavily influenced by Africanist aesthetics. Using the U.S. Virgin Islands as an intriguing case study, Oliver shows how the pageant continues to reflect, reinforce, and challenge Caribbean cultural values concerning femininity. Queen of the Virgins examines the journey of the black woman from degraded body to vaunted queen and how this progression is marked by social unrest, growing middle-class sensibilities, and contemporary sexual and gender politics.
Author: W. C. BURGESS
Producing Virgins Does Not Make Marriage Equal to Virginity 10. If this is
astupidthing tosay, then letthewomen of faith who aremarried hold on to the good
thing that is theirs. We wrote about that, to the extent it seemed necessary,
Author: Saint Augustine (of Hippo)
Publisher: New City Press
This volume presents new translations of five of AugustineÂ’s works: The Excellence of Marriage, Holy Virginity, The Excellence of Widowhood, Adulterous Marriages, and Continence.... The volume is to be commended on several points. The translation itself is in eminently readable, clear English that should be accessible to anyone interested in Augustine.... The general introduction does an excellent job of placing these works in the context of AugustineÂ’s career, showing how Augustine reacts to controversies with the Manichees, Jovinian, Jerome, and the Pelagians, while maintaining a commitment to the threefold goods of marriage Â— procreation, fidelity, and sacrament. This is a wonderful collection that allows readers to see the complexity of AugustineÂ’s thought on a difficult topic.Â” Kim Paffenroth Journal of Early Christian Studies