Viruses Plagues and History

Michael Oldstone tells all these stories as he illuminates the history of the devastating diseases that have tormented humanity, focusing mostly on the most famous viruses. Oldstone begins with smallpox, polio, and measles.

Author: Michael B. A. Oldstone M.D.

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199758494

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 647

The story of viruses and humanity is a story of fear and ignorance, of grief and heartbreak, and of great bravery and sacrifice. Michael Oldstone tells all these stories as he illuminates the history of the devastating diseases that have tormented humanity, focusing mostly on the most famous viruses. Oldstone begins with smallpox, polio, and measles. Nearly 300 million people were killed by smallpox in this century alone and the author presents a vivid account of the long campaign to eradicate this lethal killer. Oldstone then describes the fascinating viruses that have captured headlines in more recent years: Ebola, Hantavirus, mad cow disease (a frightening illness made worse by government mishandling and secrecy), and, of course, AIDS. And he tells us of the many scientists watching and waiting even now for the next great plague, monitoring influenza strains to see whether the deadly variant from 1918--a viral strain that killed over 20 million people in 1918-1919--will make a comeback. For this revised edition, Oldstone includes discussions of new viruses like SARS, bird flu, virally caused cancers, chronic wasting disease, and West Nile, and fully updates the original text with new findings on particular viruses. Viruses, Plagues, and History paints a sweeping portrait of humanity's long-standing conflict with our unseen viral enemies. Oldstone's book is a vivid history of a fascinating field, and a highly reliable dispatch from an eminent researcher on the front line of this ongoing campaign.

Viruses Plagues and History

Looks at outbreaks of viral diseases throughout history, recounts how researchers found cures for smallpox and polio, and describes the current challenges facing scientists in the form of ebola, mad cow disease, and AIDS

Author: Michael B. A. Oldstone

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN:

Category: Fiction

Page: 211

View: 348

Looks at outbreaks of viral diseases throughout history, recounts how researchers found cures for smallpox and polio, and describes the current challenges facing scientists in the form of ebola, mad cow disease, and AIDS

Viruses Plagues and History

The history of virology would be incomplete without describing the politics and
the superstitions evoked by viruses and the ... Thus , woven into the fabric of the
history of viral plagues are the fear , superstition , and ignorance of humankind .

Author: Michael B. A. Oldstone

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190056800

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 278

More people were killed by smallpox during the twentieth century--over 300 million--than by all of the wars of that period combined. In 1918 and 1919, influenza virus claimed over 50 million lives. A century later, influenza is poised to return, ongoing plagues of HIV/AIDS and hepatitis infect millions, and Ebola, Zika, and West Nile viruses cause new concern and panic. The overlapping histories of humans and viruses are ancient. Earliest cities became both the cradle of civilization and breeding grounds for the first viral epidemics. This overlap is the focus of virologist/immunologist Michael Oldstone in Viruses, Plagues and History. Oldstone explains principles of viruses and epidemics while recounting stories of viruses and their impact on human history. This fully updated second edition includes engrossing new chapters on hepatitis, Zika, and contemporary threats such as the possible return of a catastrophic influenza, and the impact of fear of autism on vaccination efforts. This is a fascinating panorama of humankind's longstanding conflict with unseen viral enemies, both human successes--such as control of poliomyelitis, measles, smallpox and yellow fever, and continued dangers--such as HIV and Ebola. Impeccably researched and accessibly written, Viruses, Plagues and History will fascinate all with an interest in how viral illnesses alter the course of human history.

The Episodes of World Pandemics and Plagues

Here are some episodes of most of the worst pandemics and epidemics that ever hit mankind. We have covered from ancient prehistoric times up till today.

Author: Annie Wills

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 54

View: 545

One thing that history is quite familiar with is the outbreak of disease pandemics. It has reshaped the entire timeline of history and at some point, people have thought that those diseases were to end civilization as they knew it then. Here are some episodes of most of the worst pandemics and epidemics that ever hit mankind. We have covered from ancient prehistoric times up till today. And if you want to know the history of pandemics that has happened of old, you should relax and read through.

Man and Microbes

From the mysterious ills that felled ancient man to the devastation wrought by AIDS to the emergence of Ebola fever, this is an enlightening, often frightening look at the dance with death that has engaged humankind throughout history.

Author: Arno Karlen

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0684822709

Category: Medical

Page: 266

View: 257

A noted medical historian places recent outbreaks of deadly diseases in historical perspective, with accounts of other alarming and recurring diseases throughout history and of the ways in which humans have adapted. Reprint. 17,500 first printing.

Plagues in World History

Plagues in World History provides a concise, comparative world history of catastrophic infectious diseases, including plague, smallpox, tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, and AIDS.

Author: John Aberth

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9781442207967

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 127

Plagues in World History provides a concise, comparative world history of catastrophic infectious diseases, including plague, smallpox, tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, and AIDS. John Aberth considers not only their varied impact but also the many ways in which people have been able to influence diseases simply through their cultural attitudes. Our ability to alter disease, even without modern medical treatments, is even more crucial lesson now that AIDS, swine flu, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, and other seemingly incurable illnesses have raged worldwide. The author's comparative analysis of how different societies have responded in the past to disease illuminates what cultural approaches have been and may continue to be most effective in combating the plagues of today.

Ebola s Curse

The book records in sequence and detective style how the initial outbreak of Ebola from the index case in rural Guinea traveled to Sierra Leone, the work and fate of those working in the Kenema Government Hospital (KGH) isolation ward in ...

Author: Michael B.A. Oldstone

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128138890

Category: Science

Page: 126

View: 671

Ebola‘s Curse: 2013-2016 Outbreak in West Africa is about hemorrhagic fever viruses, especially Ebola, its initial origin in central Africa 1976, its unprecedented appearance in West Africa in 2013. The book records in sequence and detective style how the initial outbreak of Ebola from the index case in rural Guinea traveled to Sierra Leone, the work and fate of those working in the Kenema Government Hospital (KGH) isolation ward in Sierra Leone. The book provides vignettes of the three main players involved with Ebola at KGH, Sheik Khan, Pardis Sabeti, and Robert Garry. Khan was the head of the unit, declared a national hero by his Sierra Leone government. He died fighting Ebola and was/is recognized in the USA by American societies by awards created for his historic work and death. Pardis Sabeti, a geneticist from Harvard and Broad MIT Institute, who was honored as a "Scientist of the Year" by Time Magazine and the Smithsonian Institute. Robert Garry, head of the operation to fight hemorrhagic fevers and Ebola, shuttled between Tulane University, KGH, and The White House to make aware through the press and others the dilemma and tragedy that was unfolding, and the need to obtain additional medical and health care support and supplies. Sabeti and Garry currently work with Oldstone on Ebola at KGH and thus personal communication and knowledge was/is available to the author for the book. Includes perspectives from the 2013-2016 outbreak in West Africa Provides a detailed overview of the origins of Ebola virus through present day discoveries Written with an integrative approach, incorporating scientific research with insights from the field on Public Health and Medical History

Natural History

... EXTINCTION CDE alatia angage 204 the Braila GEOARCHAEOLOGY The
Earth Science Approach to Archaeological interpretation and the Origa o Birds an
THE CALL OF DISTANT MAMMOTHS Viruses . Plagues , History George Rapp .

Author:

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ISBN:

Category: Natural history

Page:

View: 309


Viruses and Man A History of Interactions

The book starts with an analysis of the profound effect that viral epidemics had on world history resulting in demographic upheavals by destroying total populations. It also provides a brief history of virology and immunology.

Author: Milton W. Taylor

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319077589

Category: Medical

Page: 430

View: 829

Milton Taylor, Indiana University, offers an easy-to-read and fascinating text describing the impact of viruses on human society. The book starts with an analysis of the profound effect that viral epidemics had on world history resulting in demographic upheavals by destroying total populations. It also provides a brief history of virology and immunology. Furthermore, the use of viruses for the treatment of cancer (viral oncolysis or virotherapy) and bacterial diseases (phage therapy) and as vectors in gene therapy is discussed in detail. Several chapters focus on viral diseases such as smallpox, influenza, polio, hepatitis and their control, as well as on HIV and AIDS and on some emerging viruses with an interesting story attached to their discovery or vaccine development. The book closes with a chapter on biological weapons. It will serve as an invaluable source of information for beginners in the field of virology as well as for experienced virologists, other academics, students, and readers without prior knowledge of virology or molecular biology.

In Time of Plague

Included are chapters on responses to plague in early modern Europe, plagues and morality, AIDS and the tradition of homophobia, and pandemics as natural evolutionary phenomena. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Author: Arien Mack

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814754856

Category: Medical

Page: 218

View: 626

Plague. The word itself is like a blow, connoting misery, miasma and death. Plague takes many forms: influenza, typhus, cholera, the Black Death, and, recently, AIDS. AIDS has reminded us that epidemic infectious disease is not simply a historical phenomenon—or one limited like famine to remote continents —and is a vivid and painful illustration of how epidemics take place at a number of levels —biological event, social perception, collective response, and, finally, the individual, the existential and the moral. In Time of Plagueexamines the many ways in which catastrophic infectious and contagious diseases are both biologically and socially defined. In the politically charged age of AIDS, In Time of Plague analyzes what past epidemics tell us about this new, deadly virus: How has the definition of disease differed throughout history? How have new technologies and advances in epidemiology changed our perception and response to disease? When has quarantine been appropriate or effective? What norms should govern our thinking about responsibility, culpability, legality, and confidentiality? What does society owe the victims? What, in turn, are the responsibilities of the carrier population? Featuring essays by such distinguished scholars as Lewis Thomas, Joshua Lederberg, Dorothy Nelkin, Sander Gilman, Barbara Guttmann Rosenkrantz, Baruch S. Blumberg, George Kateb, and David A. J. Richards, among others, from a wide range of disciplines, this work seeks to answer some of these pressing questions.

The Fourth Horseman

Author: Andrew Nikiforuk

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9780140256109

Category: Environmentally induced diseases

Page: 262

View: 107


The Library Journal

29.95 . 13 A History of TwentiethCentury Russia ( HC ) Robert Service . Harvard .
1998. ... ISBN 0-300-07013-6 . $ 75 . Viruses , Plagues , & History Michael A.
Ondstone 6 Belief in God in an Age of Science ( HC ) John C. Polkinghorne .
Yale .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Libraries

Page:

View: 889

Includes, beginning Sept. 15, 1954 (and on the 15th of each month, Sept.-May) a special section: School library journal, ISSN 0000-0035, (called Junior libraries, 1954-May 1961). Also issued separately.

Notable Natural Disasters Events 1970 to 2006 indexes

Author: Marlene Bradford

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781587653711

Category: Disasters

Page: 1050

View: 100

Scientific and historical overviews of natural disasters followed by a chronological survey of the worst or most notable disasters in history, including such recent events as the 2004 tsunami and Hurricane Katrina.

Historical Abstracts

Social History of Medicine ( Great Britain ) 1997 10 ( 2 ) : 221-242 . Analyses the
medical discourses produced by the ... 49B : 7509 5c BC - 20c Oldstone , Michael
B. A. Viruses , Plagues , and History . New York : Oxford U. Pr . , 1998. 204 pp .

Author: Eric H. Boehm

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: History, Modern

Page:

View: 471


Rats Lice and History

This book is devoted to a discussion of the biology of typhus and history of typhus fever in human affairs. Zinsser begins by pointing out that the louse was the constant companion of human beings.

Author: Hans Zinsser

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412815711

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 332

View: 611

When Rats, Lice and History appeared in 1935, Hans Zinsser was a highly regarded Harvard biologist who had never written about historical events. Although he had published under a pseudonym, virtually all of his previous writings had dealt with infections and immunity and had appeared either in medical and scientific journals or in book format. Today he is best remembered as the author of Rats, Lice, and History, which gone through multiple editions and remains a masterpiece of science writing for a general readership. To Zinsser, scientific research was high adventure and the investigation of infectious disease, a field of battle. Yet at the same time he maintained a love of literature and philosophy. His goal in Rats, Lice and History was to bring science, philosophy, and literature together to establish the importance of disease, and especially epidemic infectious disease, as a major force in human affairs. Zinsser cast his work as the "biography" of a disease. In his view, infectious disease simply represented an attempt of a living organism to survive. From a human perspective, an invading pathogen was abnormal; from the perspective of the pathogen it was perfectly normal. This book is devoted to a discussion of the biology of typhus and history of typhus fever in human affairs. Zinsser begins by pointing out that the louse was the constant companion of human beings. Under certain conditions–to wash or to change clothing–lice proliferated. The typhus pathogen was transmitted by rat fleas to human beings, who then transmitted it to other humans and in some strains from human to human. Rats, Lice and History is a tour de force. It combines Zinsser's expertise in biology with his broad knowledge of the humanities

Interdisciplinary Literary Studies

Edited by S . Fitzgerald . New York : Vintage , 1980 . Oldstone , Michael B . A .
Viruses , Plagues , and History . New York : Oxford , 1998 . Powell , J . H . Bring
Out Your Dead : The Great Plague of Yellow Fever in Philadelphia in 1793 .

Author:

Publisher:

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Category: Criticism

Page:

View: 251


Institutions and Economic Performance

North , Douglass C. and Thomas , Robert P. The rise of the western world : A new
economic history . Cambridge : Cambridge University Press , 1973 . Oldstone ,
Michael B. A. Viruses , plagues , and history . New York : Oxford University Press
 ...

Author: Kevin E. Davis

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 654

View: 779

A collection of previously published articles.

Berkeley Technology Law Journal

Barbara Kerstiëns & Francine Matthys , Interventions to Control Virus
Transmission during an Outbreak of Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever ... See also
MICHAEL B . A . OLDSTONE , VIRUSES , PLAGUES , AND HISTORY 130 - 35 (
1998 ) . 15 .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Law reviews

Page:

View: 739


Cattle Plague

Cattle Plague: A History is divided into five sections, dealing with the nature of the virus, followed by a chronological history of its occurrence in Europe from the Roman Empire to the final 20th century outbreaks; then administrative ...

Author: Clive Spinage

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441989013

Category: Medical

Page: 765

View: 101

Cattle Plague: A History is divided into five sections, dealing with the nature of the virus, followed by a chronological history of its occurrence in Europe from the Roman Empire to the final 20th century outbreaks; then administrative control measures through legislation, the principal players from the 18th century, followed by an analysis of some effects, political, economic and social. Then follows attempts at cure from earliest times encompassing superstition and witchcraft, largely Roman methods persisting until the 19th century; the search for a cure through inoculation and the final breakthrough in Africa at the end of the 19th century. The last section covers the disease in Asia and Africa. Appendices cover regulations now in force to control the disease as well as historical instructions, decrees and statutes dating from 1745-1878.

A Fever in Salem

Oldstone , Michael B. A. Viruses , Plagues , and History . New York , 1998 .
Robinson , Enders A. The Devil Discovered : Salem Witchcraft 1692 . New York ,
1991 . Rosenthal , Bernard . Salem Story : Reading the Witch Trials of 1692 .

Author: Laurie M. Carlson

Publisher: Ivan R Dee

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 197

View: 867

Laurie Winn Carlson offers an innovative explanation for the madness behind the Salem Witch Trials.