'Fascinating ... dazzling ... a full-scale assault on what we think it is to be human' Sunday Telegraph 'Highly readable ... this is a valuable book' Charlotte Moore, Spectator 'Important ... humane and immensely sympathetic' Richard ...
Author: Simon Baron-Cohen
Publisher: Penguin UK
Simon Baron-Cohen, expert in autism and developmental psychopathology, has always wanted to isolate and understand the factors that cause people to treat others as if they were mere objects. In this book he proposes a radical shift, turning the focus away from evil and on to the central factor, empathy. Unlike the concept of evil, he argues, empathy has real explanatory power. Putting empathy under the microscope he explores four new ideas: firstly, that we all lie somewhere on an empathy spectrum, from high to low, from six degrees to zero degrees. Secondly that, deep within the brain lies the 'empathy circuit'. How this circuit functions determines where we lie on the empathy spectrum. Thirdly, that empathy is not only something we learn but that there are also genes associated with empathy. And fourthly, while a lack of empathy leads to mostly negative results, is it always negative? Full of original research, Zero Degrees of Empathy presents a new way of understanding what it is that leads individuals down negative paths, and challenges all of us to consider replacing the idea of evil with the idea of empathy-erosion.
14 Gavin J. Fairbairn, 'Empathy, Sympathy and the Image of the Other', Peace
Review 21.2 (2009): 188-197. 15 Larocco, in this volume. 16 Simon Baron-
Cohen, Zero Degrees of Empathy: A New Theory of Human Cruelty and
Author: Rebeccah Nelems
Category: Social Science
By critically exploring interdisciplinary perspectives on empathy, this dialogical volume aims to generate deeper thinking about what is at stake in discussions and practices of empathy in the 21st century.
Putting empathy under the microscope – or rather the modern-day gadgetry of
functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) – Baron-Cohen explores new
ideas about empathy in his book Zero Degrees of Empathy.10 He suggests that
Author: Jane McGregor
Publisher: Hachette UK
Sociopathy affects an estimated 1- 4% of the population, but not all sociopaths are cold-blooded murderers. They're best described as people without a conscience, who prey on those with high levels of empathy, but themselves lack any concern for others' feelings and show no remorse for their actions. Drawing on real life cases, The Empathy Trap: Understanding Antisocial Personalities explores this taboo subject and looks at how people can protect themselves against these arch-manipulators. Topics include: - Defining sociopathy, and related conditions such as psychopathy, narcissism, and personality disorder - How sociopaths operate and why they're often difficult to spot - Identifying sociopathic behavior - The sociopath's relations with other people and why they often go unpunished - Coping with the aftermath of a destructive relationship - Re-establishing boundaries and control of your life - Practical advice for keeping sociopaths at bay - Resources and further help.
of Empathy, he agrees that we descended from “group-living primates” with a
high degree of interdependence. Survival would require that ... He defines them
with the very words of his book title: “Zero Degrees of Empathy .” He lists
Author: Lynne Azarchi
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Category: Caring in children
"This easy-to-use guide will help the busiest parents and educators teach children, tweens, and teens the ability to "walk in someone else's shoes" - skills that lasts a lifetime and helps kids become caring adults with the people skills needed for relationships and career success"--
Indeed, running through conflict resolution in its many forms is the constant ability
of people to empathize and trust ... In a review of Simon BaronCohen's Zero
Degrees of Empathy: A New Theory of Human Cruelty, Andrew Scull issued the ...
Author: Donald W Pfaff
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Since the beginning of recorded history, law and religion have provided "rules" that define good behavior. When we obey such rules, we assign to some external authority the capacity to determine how we should act. Even anarchists recognize the existence of a choice as to whether or not to obey, since no one has seriously doubted that the source of social order resides in our vast ethical systems. Debate has focused only on whose system is best, never for an instant imagining that law, religion, or some philosophical permutation of either was not the basis of prosocial action. The only divergence from this uniform understanding of human society has come from the behavioral sciences, which cite various biological bases for human goodness. Putting aside both ancient and relatively modern ethical systems, neuroscientists, psychologists, and evolutionary biologists have started a revolution more profound than any anarchist ever dreamed of. In essence, these researchers argue that the source of good human behavior - of the benevolence that we associate with the highest religious teachings - emanates from our physical make-up. Our brains, hormones, and genes literally embody our social compasses. In The Altruistic Brain, renowned neuroscientist Donald Pfaff provides the latest, most far-reaching argument in support of this revolution, explaining in exquisite detail how our neuroanatomical structure favors kindness towards others. Unlike any other study in its field, The Altruistic Brain synthesizes all the most important research into how and why - at a purely physical level - humans empathize with one another and respond altruistically. It demonstrates that human beings are "wired" to behave altruistically in the first instance, such that unprompted, spontaneous kindness is our default behavior; such behavior comes naturally, irrespective of religious or cultural determinants. Based on his own research and that of some of the world's most eminent scientists, Dr. Pfaff puts together well-established brain mechanisms into a theory that is at once novel but also easily demonstrable. He further explains how, using psycho-social approaches that are now well understood, we can clear away obstacles to the brain's natural, altruistic inclinations. This is the first book not only to explain why we are naturally good, but to suggest means of making us behave as well as we can. The Altruistic Brain is required reading for anyone who wants to understand the behavioral revolution in science and the promise that it holds for reorienting society towards greater cooperation.
Both the philosophy of dehumanization and the mainstream science of empathy
participate in an unexamined ... Baron-Cohen's Zero Degrees of Empathy, marco
iacoboni's Mirroring People, Martha Stout's The Sociopath Next Door, and Jon ...
Author: Professor Helena Feder
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Category: Literary Criticism
Ecocriticism and the Idea of Culture: Biology and the Bildungsroman draws on work by Kinji Imanishi, Frans de Waal, and other biologists to create an interdisciplinary, materialist notion of culture for ecocritical analysis. In this timely intervention, Feder examines the humanist idea of culture by taking a fresh look at the stories it explicitly tells about itself. These stories fall into the genre of the Bildungsroman, the tale of individual acculturation that participates in the myth of its complete separation from and opposition to nature which, Feder argues, is culture’s own origin story. Moving from Voltaire’s Candide to Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein and from Virginia Woolf’s Orlando to Jamaica Kincaid’s Lucy, the book dramatizes humanism’s own awareness of the fallacy of this foundational binary. In the final chapters, Feder examines the discourse of animality at work in this narrative as a humanist fantasy about empathy, one that paradoxically excludes other animals from the ethical community to justify the continued domination of both human and nonhuman others.
Zero Degrees of Empathy: A New Theory of Human Cruelty. London: Allen Lane,
2011. Baumann, Claude and Werner E. Rutsch. Swiss Banking – wie weiter?:
Aufstieg und Wandel der Schweizer Finanzbranche. Zurich: Verlag Neue Zürcher
Author: Ulrich Zwygart
Category: Business & Economics
Ulrich F. Zwygart offers an essential insight to the financial crisis that provides ample food for thought. He criticizes homo oeconomicus, the model of individual rationality, and contrasts it with the ideal of critical reflective rationality. This is about reason-based thinking, that involves a limitation of one's own activities and the evaluation of the subsequent cost of decisions. The author introduces twelve famous managers from the financial services, such as Richard Fuld, Fred Goodwin, Jon Corzine and Marcel Ospel, analyzes their actions based on neurological findings, social- and cultural-science, psychological and economic insights and describes conflicting challenges such as egomania, eroticism, experiences, emotions, one-dimensionality, successes, agents and rapture. Subsequently he raises the question of responsibility: Who is accountable for the development of top managers and how can ethical conduct be implemented in the field of management?
... Simon, Zero Degrees of Empathy, p.87. 7. Oxford Dictionaries Online. 8.
Newberg and Walman, How God Changes Your Brain, pp.55–6. Chromosomes
Genes Mouse 25,000 40 Fruit fly 13,600 10 Arabidopsis.
Author: Andrew Norman
Publisher: Pen and Sword
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Charles Darwin did not deliberately set out to be the 'destroyer of mythical beliefs', some of which, in his early days as a young Christian, he had previously espoused. He was a modest man who liked to avoid controversy, yet he was to be the cause of one of the greatest controversies in the history of science and religion. When he embarked on HMS Beagle, he could not have imagined the experience would lead him to formulate a theory that would revolutionize the way in which man viewed the natural world.How did this thoughtful, methodical scientist come to have such an impact on his time – and on ours? That is the question Andrew Norman seeks to answer in this lucid and concise biography of the author of Origin of Species.The narrative looks perceptively at Darwin's early life, at the influences that shaped him during his university years, and at the formative effect of the famous voyage to Galapagos in the Beagle which led him to question orthodox views on how the world was created and how humans evolved. In particular, it concentrates on the progress, over twenty years, of his thinking on natural selection which grew into a great work that disturbed and enlightened his contemporaries.Andrew Norman has produced a fascinating account of the development of Darwin's research and theorizing. But he looks, too, at Darwin the man. The result is a rounded portrait of a pioneering thinker whose revolutionary theories profoundly influence our understanding of the world today.
̄ ¥ a review of Simon Baron Cohen«s Zero Degrees of Empathy: A New Theory
of Human Cruelty (London: Allen Lane, 2011) and Matthew M. Hurley, Daniel C.
Dennett and Reginald B. Adams, Jr., Inside Jokes: Using Humor to Reverse ...
Author: Raymond Tallis
These essays from one of our most stimulating thinkers showcase Tallis's infectious fascination, indeed intoxication, with the infinite complexity of human lives and the human condition. In the title essay, we join Tallis on a stroll around his local park - and the intricate passages of his own consciousness - as he uses the motif of the walk, the amble, to occasion a series of meditations on the freedoms that only human beings possess. In subsequent essays, the flaneur thinks about his brain, his relationship to the rest of the animal kingdom, his profession of medicine and about the physical world and the claims of physical science to have rendered philosophical reflection obsolete. Taken together the essays continue Tallis's mission to elaborate a vision of humanity that rejects religious myths while not succumbing to scientism or any other form of naturalism. Written with the author's customary intellectual energy and vigour these essays provoke, move and challenge us to think differently about who we are and our place in the material world.
SIMON BARON-COHEN Professor of developmental psychopathology; fellow,
Trinity College; director, Autism Research Centre, University of Cambridge;
author, Zero Degrees of Empathy How does a single human brain architecture
Author: John Brockman
Discover the universe's last unknowns—here are the unanswered questions that obsess "the world's finest minds" (The Guardian) Featuring a foreword by DANIEL KAHNEMAN, Nobel Prize-winning author of Thinking, Fast and Slow This is a little book of profound questions (only questions!)—unknowns that address the secrets of our world, our civilization, the meaning of life. Here are the deepest riddles that have fascinated, obsessed, and haunted the greatest thinkers of our time, including Nobel laureates, cosmologists, philosophers, economists, prize-winning novelists, religious scholars, and more than 250 leading scientists, artists, and theorists. In The Last Unknowns, John Brockman, publisher of Edge.org, asks "a mind-blowing gathering of innovative thinkers" (Booklist): "What is ‘The Last Question,’ your last question, the question for which you will be remembered?" Featuring the Pulitzer Prize–winning author of Guns, Germs, and Steel JARED DIAMOND • Nobel Prize-winning University of Chicago economist RICHARD THALER • Harvard psychologist STEVEN PINKER • religion scholar ELAINE PAGELS • author of Seven Brief Lessons on Physics CARLO ROVELLI • Booker Prize–winning novelist IAN McEWAN • neuroscientist SAM HARRIS • philosopher DANIEL C. DENNETT • MIT theorist SHERRY TURKLE • decoder of the human genome J. CRAIG VENTER • The Coddling of the American Mind author JONATHAN HAIDT • Nobel Prize-winning physicist FRANK WILCZEK • UC Berkeley psychologist ALISON GOPNICK • philosopher REBECCA NEWBERGER GOLDSTEIN • New York Times columnist CARL ZIMMER • MIT cosmologist MAX TEGMARK • Whole Earth founder STEWART BRAND • "Marginal Revolution" economist TYLER COWEN • Anatomy of Love author HELEN FISHER • Noble Prize-winning NASA physicist JOHN C. MATHER • psychologist JUDITH RICH HARRIS • Princeton physicist FREEMAN DYSON • musician BRIAN ENO • environmental scientist JENNIFER JACQUET • Duke economist DAN ARIELY • Oxford philosopher A. C. GRAYLING • Harvard cosmologist LISA RANDALL • anthropologist MARY CATHERINE BATESON • Emotional Intelligence author DANIEL GOLEMAN • Harvard genticist GEORGE CHURCH • Blueprint author NICHOLAS A. CHRISTAKIS • Stanford political scientist MARGARET LEVI • economist ALAN S. BLINDER • publisher TIM O'REILLY • theoretical cosmologist JANNA LEVIN • Serpentine Gallery owner HANS ULRICH OBRIST • Wired founding editor KEVIN KELLY • Cambridge astrophysicist MARTIN REES, and more than 200 others.
58 Empathy does not , then , dictate or even imply a propensity to act in any
particular way , or to favor any particular group . “ Empathy is first and ... SIMON
BARON - COHEN , ZERO DEGREES OF EMPATHY 11 ( 2011 ) . 57. Michael
... St. Martin's Press. failure or absence Simon Baron-Cohen (2011), Zero
Degrees of Empathy: A New Theory of Human Cruelty, Penguin/Allen Lane;
published in the U.S. as The Science of Evil: On Empathy and the Origins of
Human Cruelty, ...
Author: Bruce Schneier
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Social Science
In today's hyper-connected society, understanding the mechanisms of trust is crucial. Issues of trust are critical to solving problems as diverse as corporate responsibility, global warming, and the political system. In this insightful and entertaining book, Schneier weaves together ideas from across the social and biological sciences to explain how society induces trust. He shows the unique role of trust in facilitating and stabilizing human society. He discusses why and how trust has evolved, why it works the way it does, and the ways the information society is changing everything.
In this chapter we present a summary of the neuroscientific evidence for empathy
and attachment patterns. ... explored the spectrum of empathy through
measurement of brain activity in his book, Zero Degrees of Empathy, published in
Author: Anne Brockbank
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
Category: Business & Economics
This ground-breaking book will give you the skills you need to become an advanced coach, focusing on both empathy and outcomes.
2 Interview 25/10/12; Moore 1985, 160; http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=
Xr3ibtoufzo 3 Rifkin 2010, 42–43. 4 Hanh 1987,87. 5 Estimates of zero degrees
of empathy typically range between I percent and 4 per cent of the population,
with 2 ...
Author: Roman Krznaric
Publisher: Random House
Influential popular philosopher Roman Krznaric argues our brains are wired for social connection: empathy is at the heart of who we are. It's an essential, transforming quality we must develop for the 21st Century. Through encounters with actors, activists, groundbreaking designers, undercover journalists, nurses, bankers and neuroscientists, Krznaric defines a new breed of adventurer. He sets out the six life-enhancing habits of highly empathic people, whose skills enable them to connect with others in extraordinary ways. Empathy has the power to transform relationships, from the personal to the political. Krznaric contends that, as we move on from an age of introspection, empathy will be key to fundamental social change - making this book a manifesto for revolution.
The best empathy is emotionally driven, and it is useful to develop ways in which
to access emotional memories and content. I have suggested a way ... Zero
Degrees of Empathy: A New Theory of Human Cruelty and Kindness. Penguin
Author: Duncan Harding PhD MRCPsych
Publisher: OUP Oxford
The OSCE forms the practical part of educational and professional medical examinations and is often challenging and expensive. Deconstructing the OSCE takes a fresh approach to passing the OSCE, teaching readers how to tackle the examination in a new way. This book doesn't provide readers with checklists of information needed for specific OSCE stations; instead it will help you to develop key strategies and skills that will enable success in any OSCE regardless of specialty or level. Packed full of advice, practical tips, real-life examples, and exercises, this book will provide you with skills to prepare for effective OSCE study and strategies to overcome common hurdles and psychological baggage. It also explores how to overcome past failure in the OSCE by overhauling your previous study routines and suggesting new strategies for the road ahead. Ideal for trainee doctors sitting OSCEs at all levels, medical students, allied medical practitioners, nurses, and doctors from overseas; Deconstructing the OSCE is full of practical advice to increase candidates' confidence and improve the chance of success in any OSCE scenario.
This book offers a refreshing study on autism, giving a unique perspective on the evolution of human invention.
Author: Simon Baron-Cohen
Publisher: Allen Lane
How can we explain the remarkable human capacity to create and innovate? Previous attempts at uncovering this unique ability have overlooked a big clue to our human nature, by looking at the typical population instead of shining a spotlight on those at the extreme. This book offers a refreshing study on autism, giving a unique perspective on the evolution of human invention. By linking the remarkable history of this singular human trait with the underrepresented and often misunderstood image of an autistic person, socially isolated, obsessively spotting patterns and collecting facts, this book offers the unique chance to appreciate both autism and invention in a new light, and as causes for celebration.
Balliet, D., C. Parks, and J. Joireman. 2009. Social value orientation and
cooperation in social dilemmas: A metaanalysis. Group Processes & Intergroup
Relations 12:533–47. BaronCohen, S. 2011. Zero degrees of empathy: A new
Author: Eyal Zamir
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Business & Economics
The past twenty years have witnessed a surge in behavioral studies of law and law-related issues. These studies have challenged the application of the rational-choice model to legal analysis and introduced a more accurate and empirically grounded model of human behavior. This integration of economics, psychology, and law is breaking exciting new ground in legal theory and the social sciences, shedding a new light on age-old legal questions as well as cutting edge policy issues. The Oxford Handbook of Behavioral Economics and Law brings together leading scholars of law, psychology, and economics to provide an up-to-date and comprehensive analysis of this field of research, including its strengths and limitations as well as a forecast of its future development. Its 29 chapters organized in four parts. The first part provides a general overview of behavioral economics. The second part comprises four chapters introducing and criticizing the contribution of behavioral economics to legal theory. The third part discusses specific behavioral phenomena, their ramifications for legal policymaking, and their reflection in extant law. Finally, the fourth part analyzes the contribution of behavioral economics to fifteen legal spheres ranging from core doctrinal areas such as contracts, torts and property to areas such as taxation and antitrust policy.
BaronCohen, Simon (2011)Zero Degrees of Empathy: A New Theory of Human
Cruelty (London: Penguin Books). Bateson, Patrick (1991)'Assessment ofPain
inAnimals', Animal Behaviour 42:5, 827–39. Bauman, Zygmunt (1993)
Author: E. Aaltola
Exploring how animal suffering is made meaningful within Western ramifications, the book investigates themes such as skepticism concerning non-human experience, cultural roots of compassion, and contemporary approaches to animal ethics. At its center is the pivotal question: What is the moral significance of animal suffering?
BaronCohen, Simon (2011), Zero Degrees of Empathy, London: Penguin. Barry,
Peter Brian (2011), “In Defense of the Mirror Thesis”, Philosophical Studies 155:
199–205. Bennett, Jonathan (1994), “The Conscience of Huckleberry Finn”, ...
Author: Luke Russell
Publisher: OUP Oxford
When asked to describe wartime atrocities, acts of terrorism, and serial killers, many of us reach for the word 'evil'. But what does it mean to say that an action or a person is evil? Some philosophers have claimed that there is no such thing as evil, and that thinking in terms of evil is simplistic and dangerous. In response to this sceptical challenge, Luke Russell shows that concept of evil has a legitimate place within contemporary secular moral thought. In this book he addresses questions concerning the nature of evil action, such as whether evil actions must be incomprehensible, whether evil actions can be banal, and whether there is a psychological hallmark that distinguishes evils from other wrongs. Russell also explores issues regarding the nature of evil persons, including whether every evil person is an evildoer, whether every evil person is irredeemable, and whether a person could be evil merely in virtue of having evil feelings. The concept of evil is extreme, and is easily misused. Nonetheless, Russell suggests that it has an important role to play when it comes to evaluating and explaining the worst kind of wrongdoing.
Why do children with autism have such trouble developing normal social understanding of other people's feelings? This new edition updates the field by linking autism research to the newest methods for studying the brain.
Author: Helen Tager-Flusberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Why do children with autism have such trouble developing normal social understanding of other people's feelings? This new edition updates the field by linking autism research to the newest methods for studying the brain